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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Children with maltreatment associated psychiatric problems are at increased risk of developing behavioural or mental health disorders. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) was proposed as treatment for chi...

    Authors: Nicole RS Boyer, Kathleen A Boyd, Fiona Turner-Halliday, Nicholas Watson and Helen Minnis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:346

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Severe mental illness (SMI), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression, is responsible for a substantial proportion of disability in the population. This article describes the aims and de...

    Authors: Rudolf Uher, Jill Cumby, Lynn E MacKenzie, Jessica Morash-Conway, Jacqueline M Glover, Alice Aylott, Lukas Propper, Sabina Abidi, Alexa Bagnell, Barbara Pavlova, Tomas Hajek, David Lovas, Kathleen Pajer, William Gardner, Adrian Levy and Martin Alda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:344

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Current guidelines for treatment-resistant depression in adolescents remain inadequate. This study aimed to systematically review the management of treatment-resistant depression in adolescent patients.

    Authors: Xinyu Zhou, Kurt D Michael, Yiyun Liu, Cinzia Del Giovane, Bin Qin, David Cohen, Salvatore Gentile and Peng Xie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:340

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Recently great attention has been paid to the still unmet clinical needs of most adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who live in the community, an increasing number of whom visit psychiatric clinics to ...

    Authors: Reiko Takei, Junko Matsuo, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Tokio Uchiyama, Hiroshi Kunugi and Yoko Kamio

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:302

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Roma population, one of the largest minority groups in Europe, experience discrimination and stigma associated with marginalized social position. Few studies have examined mental illnesses in the Roma, and...

    Authors: Eric J Lee, Katherine Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Elisha Yoon and Viviane Kovess Masfety

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:297

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mental health professionals are often asked to give advice about managing children’s aggression. Good quality evidence on contributory environmental factors such as seeing aggression on television and in video...

    Authors: Oana Mitrofan, Moli Paul, Scott Weich and Nicholas Spencer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:287

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Little research has been done on the signs of child sexual abuse (CSA) in infants and very young children, or on the consequences that such abuse - including the persistence of the abusive pornographic images ...

    Authors: Ramón JL Lindauer, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Julia Diehle, Eva Verlinden, Arianne H Teeuw, Christel M Middeldorp, Wilco Tuinebreijer, Thekla F Bosschaart, Esther van Duin and Arnoud Verhoeff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Cultural views of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), differing healthcare systems and funding mechanisms, and the availability of mental health services can greatly influence the perceptions, dia...

    Authors: Jihyung Hong, Diego Novick, Tamás Treuer, William Montgomery, Virginia S Haynes, Shenghu Wu and Josep Maria Haro

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:304

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Young adults with Down syndrome experience increased rates of emotional and behavioural problems compared with the general population. Most adolescents with Down syndrome living in Western Australia participat...

    Authors: Kitty-Rose Foley, Peter Jacoby, Stewart Einfeld, Sonya Girdler, Jenny Bourke, Vivienne Riches and Helen Leonard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:266

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In 2009, an earthquake devastated the Abruzzo region in Italy. Despite the occurrence of several disasters in this country, no study on mental health of Italian children has ever been conducted in complex emer...

    Authors: Paolo Feo, Simona Di Gioia, Emanuela Carloni, Benedetto Vitiello, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi and Stefano Vicari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:270

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Depression is one of the most common psychiatric illnesses worldwide, but is nevertheless preventable. Since the children of parents who have depression are at greatest risk of developing depression themselves...

    Authors: Belinda Platt, Kathrin Pietsch, Kathrin Krick, Frans Oort and Gerd Schulte-Körne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:263

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Accumulating evidence suggests that several adult mental disorders, particularly psychoses, are preceded by impairments in cognitive function, reflected in scholastic underachievement. This study investigates ...

    Authors: Wanda M Tempelaar, Christiaan P Otjes, Clothilde J Bun, Carolien M Plevier, Willemijn A van Gastel, James H MacCabe, René S Kahn and Marco PM Boks

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Previous studies have shown a relationship between stressful war experiences and mental health symptoms in children and adolescents. To date, no comprehensive studies on the role of childhood adversities have ...

    Authors: James Okello, Maarten De Schryver, Seggane Musisi, Eric Broekaert and Ilse Derluyn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:260

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most psychiatric disorders present symptom patterns that cause severe impairment on the emotional, cognitive and social level. Thus, adolescents who suffer from a mental disorder risk finding themselves in a d...

    Authors: Pascale Esch, Valéry Bocquet, Charles Pull, Sophie Couffignal, Torsten Lehnert, Marc Graas, Laurence Fond-Harmant and Marc Ansseau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:237

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) has attracted increasing attentions due to its high prevalence and great influence on social functions of children and adolescents. However, the pathophysiology underlying PBD ...

    Authors: Weijia Gao, Qing Jiao, Shaojia Lu, Yuan Zhong, Rongfeng Qi, Dali Lu, Qian Xiao, Fan Yang, Guangming Lu and Linyan Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:222

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The evidence for choices between antipsychotics for children and adolescents with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders is limited. The main objective of the Tolerability and Efficacy of Antipsychotics (...

    Authors: Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Pia Jeppesen, Dea Gowers Klauber, Karsten Gjessing Jensen, Ditte Rudå, Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen, Peter Jantzen, Simone Rasmussen, Eva Ann-Sofie Saldeen, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen, Niels Bilenberg, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Jesper Pedersen, Louise Nyvang, Sarah Madsen, Marlene B Lauritsen…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:199

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Suicidal and violent behaviours are interlinked and share common biological underpinnings. In the present study we analysed the association between violent behaviour as a child, childhood trauma, adult psychia...

    Authors: Tomas Moberg, Marlene Stenbacka, Erik G Jönsson, Peter Nordström, Marie Åsberg and Jussi Jokinen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:195

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Social skills training (SST) is a common intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) to improve their social and communication skills. Despite the fact that SSTs are often applied in clinic...

    Authors: Vera Dekker, Maaike H Nauta, Erik J Mulder, Marieke E Timmerman and Annelies de Bildt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:189

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. The term ‘self-harm’ encompasses both attempted suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Specific adolescent subpopulations such as ethnic or sexual minorities, and more controversially, those who identify...

    Authors: Robert Young, Nina Sproeber, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Marthe Preiss and Paul L Plener

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:137

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Most studies about informant agreements on adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems have been conducted in Western countries, but this subject has not been well researched in China. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Jiana Wang, Li Liu, Hui Wu, Xiaoshi Yang, Yang Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:114

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Regular monitoring of patient progress is important to assess the clinical effectiveness of an intervention. Recently, initiatives within UK child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) have advocated t...

    Authors: Charlotte L Hall, John Taylor, Maria Moldavsky, Michael Marriott, Sarah Pass, Karen Newell, Robert Goodman, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:113

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Young adolescents’ and their parents’ experiences with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its treatment were explored to investigate beliefs and attitudes regarding use of stimulant medication...

    Authors: Alice Charach, Emanuela Yeung, Tiziana Volpe, Tara Goodale and Susan dosReis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:110

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Psychotic symptoms in the context of psychiatric disorders are associated with poor functional outcomes. Environmental stressors are important in the development of psychosis; however, distress may only be pat...

    Authors: Johanna TW Wigman, Nina Devlin, Ian Kelleher, Aileen Murtagh, Michelle Harley, Anne Kehoe, Carol Fitzpatrick and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:97

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study examined (1) the factor structure of a depressive symptoms scale (DSS), (2) the sex and longitudinal invariance of the DSS, and (3) the predictive validity of the DSS scale during adolescence in ter...

    Authors: Jennifer Brunet, Catherine M Sabiston, Michael Chaiton, Nancy CP Low, Gisèle Contreras, Tracie A Barnett and Jennifer L O’Loughlin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:95

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Studies in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) have implicated dysregulation of frontal-limbic circuits in the symptomology of this disorder. We hypothesized that the middle frontal gyrus (MFG; a core ...

    Authors: Stephanie Reynolds, Normand Carrey, Natalia Jaworska, Lisa Marie Langevin, Xiao-Ru Yang and Frank P MacMaster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:83

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Social phobia and depression are common, highly comorbid disorders in middle adolescence. The mechanism underlying this comorbidity, however, is unclear. Decrease in self-esteem caused by the initial disorder ...

    Authors: Juha-Matti Väänänen, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mika Helminen and Mauri Marttunen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:79

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common neuropsychiatric disorder in school children, and childhood allergic disease b...

    Authors: Ho Jang Kwon, Mi Young Lee, Mina Ha, Seung Jin Yoo, Ki Chung Paik, Jong-Han Lim, June Sakong, Chul-Gab Lee, Dong-Muk Kang, Soo Jong Hong, Hwan Il Cho and Myung Ho Lim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:70

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Animal studies have shown that methylphenidate (MPH) and fluoxetine (FLX) have different effects on dopaminergic and serotonergic system in the developing brain compared to the developed brain. The effects of ...

    Authors: Marco A Bottelier, Marieke LJ Schouw, Anne Klomp, Hyke GH Tamminga, Anouk GM Schrantee, Cheima Bouziane, Michiel B de Ruiter, Frits Boer, Henricus G Ruhé, Damiaan Denys, Roselyne Rijsman, Ramon JL Lindauer, Hans B Reitsma, Hilde M Geurts and Liesbeth Reneman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested an abnormal neural circuitry of emotion regulation including the amygdala and prefrontal cortex in both adult and adolescent generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) pati...

    Authors: Mei Liao, Fan Yang, Yan Zhang, Zhong He, Linyan Su and Lingjiang Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:41

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Psychopathology in women after childbirth represents a significant risk factor for parenting and infant mental health. Regarding child development, these infants are at increased risk for developing unfavorabl...

    Authors: Brigitte Ramsauer, Annett Lotzin, Christine Mühlhan, Georg Romer, Tobias Nolte, Peter Fonagy and Bert Powell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Anxiety and depressive disorders occur in all stages of life and are the most common childhood disorders. However, only recently has attention been paid to mental health problems in indigenous children and stu...

    Authors: Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Alfonso Urzúa and Koen De Munter

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Routine Outcome Monitoring refers to regular measurements of clients’ progress in clinical practice, aiming to evaluate and, if necessary, adapt treatment. Clients fill out questionnaires and clinicians receiv...

    Authors: Maartje AMS van Sonsbeek, Giel GJM Hutschemaekers, Jan Willem Veerman and Bea BG Tiemens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Fragile X syndrome (FXS), caused by a mutation of the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome, is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders. Comprehensive data are lacking, how...

    Authors: Frank Haessler, Franziska Gaese, Michael Colla, Michael Huss, Christoph Kretschmar, Marc Brinkman, Heike Schieb, Helmut Peters, Samuel Elstner and David Pittrow

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:339

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral and neurocognitive disorder in school-age children. Methylphenidate (MPH) is the most frequently prescribed CNS stimulant for ADHD. The ai...

    Authors: Ching-Shu Tsai, Yu-Shu Huang, Chen-Long Wu, Fang-Ming Hwang, Kin-Bao Young, Ming-Horng Tsai and Shih-Ming Chu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:330

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Depression and anxiety disorders during adolescence can have detrimental consequences. Both disorders are related to negative outcome in various areas during adolescence and are also predictive of depression a...

    Authors: Sanne PA Rasing, Daan HM Creemers, Jan MAM Janssens and Ron HJ Scholte

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:316

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Depressive disorders occur in 2 to 5% of the adolescents and are associated with a high burden of disease, a high risk of recurrence and a heightened risk for development of other problems, like suicide attemp...

    Authors: Yvonne Stikkelbroek, Denise HM Bodden, Maja Deković and Anneloes L van Baar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:314

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. It is well known that children of parents with mental illness are at greater risk of mental illness themselves. However the patterns of familial mental health problems across multiple generations in families a...

    Authors: Kirsten J Hancock, Francis Mitrou, Megan Shipley, David Lawrence and Stephen R Zubrick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:299

    Content type: Research article

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  38. ADHD is diagnosed and treated more often in males than in females. Research on gender differences suggests that girls may be consistently underidentified and underdiagnosed because of differences in the expres...

    Authors: Erik Winther Skogli, Martin H Teicher, Per Normann Andersen, Kjell Tore Hovik and Merete Øie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:298

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Accumulating evidence has shown a universality in the temporal organization of activity and rest among animals ranging from mammals to insects. Previous reports in both humans and mice showed that rest bout du...

    Authors: Minako Kawabata, Taro Ueno, Jun Tomita, Junko Kawatani, Akemi Tomoda, Shoen Kume and Kazuhiko Kume

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:281

    Content type: Research article

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  40. People who suffer from psychiatric disorders are burdened with a high prevalence of chronic illnesses and pain, but evidence on pain prevalence among adolescents with psychiatric disorders is scarce. The aim o...

    Authors: Wenche L Mangerud, Ottar Bjerkeset, Stian Lydersen and Marit S Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:272

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Routine outcome measurement (ROM) is important for assessing the clinical effectiveness of health services and for monitoring patient outcomes. Within Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in the...

    Authors: Charlotte L Hall, Maria Moldavsky, Laurence Baldwin, Michael Marriott, Karen Newell, John Taylor, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. A ruminative style of responding to low mood is associated with subsequent high depressive symptoms and depressive disorder in children, adolescents and adults. Scores on self-report rumination scales correlat...

    Authors: Paul O Wilkinson, Tim J Croudace and Ian M Goodyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:250

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Antipsychotic drugs can be used to help treat a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. However, specific antipsychotic drugs for any particular patient may need to be changed for a number of different reasons,...

    Authors: David Linton, Ric M Procyshyn, Dean Elbe, Lik Hang N Lee and Alasdair M Barr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:248

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The appropriateness of use of generic instead of brand-name medication remains unresolved and controversial in several areas of medicine. Some evidence suggestive of variations in bioavailability and clinical ...

    Authors: Rani Samuel, Azizah Attard and Marinos Kyriakopoulos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:244

    Content type: Case report

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  45. The stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) has been a mainstay of treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for many years. Owing to the short half-life and the issues associated with multiple dai...

    Authors: David Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, Alessandro Zuddas, Antonio Pelaz, Antonella Gagliano and Manfred Doepfner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:237

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:202

  46. Identifying children with childhood-onset neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs, defined here as autism spectrum disorders [ASDs], attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [AD/HD], tic disorders [TDs], learning di...

    Authors: Tomas Larson, Sebastian Lundström, Thomas Nilsson, Eva Norén Selinus, Maria Råstam, Paul Lichtenstein, Clara Hellner Gumpert, Henrik Anckarsäter and Nóra Kerekes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:233

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Methylphenidate (MPH) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. The overall population of children and adolescents with ADHD may comprise d...

    Authors: Christopher Hautmann, Aribert Rothenberger and Manfred Döpfner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:219

    Content type: Research article

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