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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Loneliness is common in adolescence and has been linked to various negative outcomes. Until now, however, there has been little cross-country research on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study was to ex...

    Authors: Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Roman Koposov, Marek Blatný, Michal Hrdlička, Mary Schwab-Stone and Vladislav Ruchkin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:128

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Child maltreatment poses a risk to children and adolescents’ mental health and may also affect cognitive functioning. Also harsh discipline has been frequently associated with mental health problems. However, ...

    Authors: Tobias Hecker, Katharin Hermenau, Charlotte Salmen, Martin Teicher and Thomas Elbert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:118

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The number of left-behind children in China is gradually increasing. This study aimed to understand the mental health status and changes in resilience of rural, left-behind middle school students in Yunyang Co...

    Authors: Yan Luo, Hong Wang, Xun Lei, Xue Guo, Ke Huang and Qin Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:77

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The symptom profile and neuropsychological functioning of individuals with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), change as they enter adolescence. It is unclear whether variation in brain structure ...

    Authors: Timothy J. Silk, Sila Genc, Vicki Anderson, Daryl Efron, Philip Hazell, Jan M. Nicholson, Michael Kean, Charles B. Malpas and Emma Sciberras

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Time-trend studies on psychotropic drugs among children and adolescents are scarce, and most of them are outdated. The purpose of this study was to study prevalences of psychotropic drug use during 2004–2014 a...

    Authors: Ingeborg Hartz, Svetlana Skurtveit, Anne Kjersti Myhrene Steffenak, Øystein Karlstad and Marte Handal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:12

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Risk assessment is crucial in preventing child maltreatment as it can identify high-risk cases in need of child protection intervention. Despite this importance, there have been no validated risk assessment in...

    Authors: Claudia E. van der Put, Jo Hermanns, Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen and Frouke Sondeijker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:15

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by motor and vocal tics. These involuntary movements and vocalizations can have a negative impact in the school environment. The paper pres...

    Authors: Ruth Wadman, Cris Glazebrook, Charlotte Beer and Georgina M. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:14

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Children of parents with a mental illness or substance use disorder (COPMI) have an increased risk of developing social-emotional problems themselves. Fear of stigmatisation or unawareness of problems prevents...

    Authors: Ivon Riemersma, Floor van Santvoort, Jan M. A. M. Janssens, Clemens M. H. Hosman and Karin T. M. van Doesum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:318

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. The WARM study is a longitudinal cohort study following infants of mothers with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression and control from pregnancy to infant 1 year of age.

    Authors: Susanne Harder, Kirstine Davidsen, Angus MacBeth, Theis Lange, Helen Minnis, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Erik Simonsen, Jenna-Marie Lundy, Maja Nyström-Hansen, Christopher Høier Trier, Katrine Røhder and Andrew Gumley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:310

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The importance of parental involvement in child treatment is well-established. Several child psychiatric clinics have, therefore, set up inpatient family units where children and parents are both actively invo...

    Authors: Elena Ise, Sabine Schröder, Dieter Breuer and Manfred Döpfner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:288

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Among young people up to 18 years of age, approximately 5 % have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), many of whom have symptoms persisting into adulthood. ADHD is associated with increased risk of...

    Authors: Xanthe M. Barkla, Paul A. McArdle and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:270

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Tourette’s disorder (TD) is a chronic childhood-onset disorder characterized by the presence of multiple motor and vocal tics. Despite strong evidence that the pathophysiology of TD involves structural and fun...

    Authors: Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Yoko Nakanishi, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Hiroki Matsuura, Naoko Kishimoto, Shohei Tanaka, Hideki Negoro and Toshifumi Kishimoto

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:102

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Specialist services for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood in Hong Kong are yet to be developed. This study aims to explore the experiences of adolescents and young a...

    Authors: Kerry KW Cheung, Ian CK Wong, Patrick Ip, Phyllis KL Chan, Candy HY Lin, Lisa YL Wong and Esther W Chan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:95

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Tourette syndrome (TS) among young people is associated with psychosocial difficulties and parents play an important role in the management of the condition. Clinical guidelines have been developed for the tre...

    Authors: José Cuenca, Cris Glazebrook, Tim Kendall, Tammy Hedderly, Isobel Heyman, Georgina Jackson, Tara Murphy, Hugh Rickards, Mary Robertson, Jeremy Stern, Penny Trayner and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:46

    Content type: Research article

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  15. One-in-ten Sri Lankans are employed abroad as International Labor Migrants (ILM), mainly as domestic maids or low-skilled laborers. Little is known about the impact their migration has on the health status of ...

    Authors: Kolitha Wickramage, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Puwalani Vidanapathirana, Sulochana Weerawarna, Buddhini Jayasekara, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Kaushalya Jayaweera, Sharika Peiris, Sisira Siribaddana and Athula Sumathipala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In The Netherlands, police officers not only come into contact with juvenile offenders, but also with a large number of juveniles who were involved in a criminal offense, but not in the role of a suspect (i.e....

    Authors: Mark Assink, Claudia E van der Put, Frans J Oort and Geert Jan JM Stams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:36

    Content type: Research article

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  17. It is well documented that a disproportionate number of homeless adults have childhood histories of foster care placement(s). This study examines the relationship between foster care placement as a predictor o...

    Authors: Michelle L Patterson, Akm Moniruzzaman and Julian M Somers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:32

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although exposure to early life stress is known to affect mental health, the underlying mechanisms of its impacts on depressive symptoms among institutionalized children and adolescents have been little studied.

    Authors: Hanako Suzuki and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:8

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects many aspects of family life, such as social and economic burden. Little investigation of this phenomenon has been carried out in China. We designed this study to evaluate...

    Authors: Jian-Jun Ou, Li-Juan Shi, Guang-Lei Xun, Chen Chen, Ren-Rong Wu, Xue-Rong Luo, Feng-Yu Zhang and Jing-Ping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:3

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The current study was designed to test if an objective measure of both attention and movement would differentiate children with Oral Language Disorders (OLD) from those with comorbid Attention Deficit/Hyperact...

    Authors: Carroll W Hughes, Joyce Pickering, Kristi Baker, Gina Bolanos and Cheryl Silver

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:370

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is an autism spectrum disorder that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior a...

    Authors: Andreas Riedel, Heejung Suh, Verena Haser, Ismene Hermann, Dieter Ebert, Dieter Riemann, Emanuel Bubl, Ludger Tebartz van Elst and Lars P Hölzel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:374

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Children with maltreatment associated psychiatric problems are at increased risk of developing behavioural or mental health disorders. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) was proposed as treatment for chi...

    Authors: Nicole RS Boyer, Kathleen A Boyd, Fiona Turner-Halliday, Nicholas Watson and Helen Minnis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:346

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Severe mental illness (SMI), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression, is responsible for a substantial proportion of disability in the population. This article describes the aims and de...

    Authors: Rudolf Uher, Jill Cumby, Lynn E MacKenzie, Jessica Morash-Conway, Jacqueline M Glover, Alice Aylott, Lukas Propper, Sabina Abidi, Alexa Bagnell, Barbara Pavlova, Tomas Hajek, David Lovas, Kathleen Pajer, William Gardner, Adrian Levy and Martin Alda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:344

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Current guidelines for treatment-resistant depression in adolescents remain inadequate. This study aimed to systematically review the management of treatment-resistant depression in adolescent patients.

    Authors: Xinyu Zhou, Kurt D Michael, Yiyun Liu, Cinzia Del Giovane, Bin Qin, David Cohen, Salvatore Gentile and Peng Xie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:340

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Recently great attention has been paid to the still unmet clinical needs of most adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who live in the community, an increasing number of whom visit psychiatric clinics to ...

    Authors: Reiko Takei, Junko Matsuo, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Tokio Uchiyama, Hiroshi Kunugi and Yoko Kamio

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:302

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Roma population, one of the largest minority groups in Europe, experience discrimination and stigma associated with marginalized social position. Few studies have examined mental illnesses in the Roma, and...

    Authors: Eric J Lee, Katherine Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Elisha Yoon and Viviane Kovess Masfety

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:297

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Mental health professionals are often asked to give advice about managing children’s aggression. Good quality evidence on contributory environmental factors such as seeing aggression on television and in video...

    Authors: Oana Mitrofan, Moli Paul, Scott Weich and Nicholas Spencer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:287

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Little research has been done on the signs of child sexual abuse (CSA) in infants and very young children, or on the consequences that such abuse - including the persistence of the abusive pornographic images ...

    Authors: Ramón JL Lindauer, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Julia Diehle, Eva Verlinden, Arianne H Teeuw, Christel M Middeldorp, Wilco Tuinebreijer, Thekla F Bosschaart, Esther van Duin and Arnoud Verhoeff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Cultural views of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), differing healthcare systems and funding mechanisms, and the availability of mental health services can greatly influence the perceptions, dia...

    Authors: Jihyung Hong, Diego Novick, Tamás Treuer, William Montgomery, Virginia S Haynes, Shenghu Wu and Josep Maria Haro

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:304

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Young adults with Down syndrome experience increased rates of emotional and behavioural problems compared with the general population. Most adolescents with Down syndrome living in Western Australia participat...

    Authors: Kitty-Rose Foley, Peter Jacoby, Stewart Einfeld, Sonya Girdler, Jenny Bourke, Vivienne Riches and Helen Leonard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:266

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In 2009, an earthquake devastated the Abruzzo region in Italy. Despite the occurrence of several disasters in this country, no study on mental health of Italian children has ever been conducted in complex emer...

    Authors: Paolo Feo, Simona Di Gioia, Emanuela Carloni, Benedetto Vitiello, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi and Stefano Vicari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:270

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Depression is one of the most common psychiatric illnesses worldwide, but is nevertheless preventable. Since the children of parents who have depression are at greatest risk of developing depression themselves...

    Authors: Belinda Platt, Kathrin Pietsch, Kathrin Krick, Frans Oort and Gerd Schulte-Körne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:263

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Accumulating evidence suggests that several adult mental disorders, particularly psychoses, are preceded by impairments in cognitive function, reflected in scholastic underachievement. This study investigates ...

    Authors: Wanda M Tempelaar, Christiaan P Otjes, Clothilde J Bun, Carolien M Plevier, Willemijn A van Gastel, James H MacCabe, René S Kahn and Marco PM Boks

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Previous studies have shown a relationship between stressful war experiences and mental health symptoms in children and adolescents. To date, no comprehensive studies on the role of childhood adversities have ...

    Authors: James Okello, Maarten De Schryver, Seggane Musisi, Eric Broekaert and Ilse Derluyn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:260

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Most psychiatric disorders present symptom patterns that cause severe impairment on the emotional, cognitive and social level. Thus, adolescents who suffer from a mental disorder risk finding themselves in a d...

    Authors: Pascale Esch, Valéry Bocquet, Charles Pull, Sophie Couffignal, Torsten Lehnert, Marc Graas, Laurence Fond-Harmant and Marc Ansseau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:237

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) has attracted increasing attentions due to its high prevalence and great influence on social functions of children and adolescents. However, the pathophysiology underlying PBD ...

    Authors: Weijia Gao, Qing Jiao, Shaojia Lu, Yuan Zhong, Rongfeng Qi, Dali Lu, Qian Xiao, Fan Yang, Guangming Lu and Linyan Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:222

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The evidence for choices between antipsychotics for children and adolescents with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders is limited. The main objective of the Tolerability and Efficacy of Antipsychotics (...

    Authors: Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Pia Jeppesen, Dea Gowers Klauber, Karsten Gjessing Jensen, Ditte Rudå, Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen, Peter Jantzen, Simone Rasmussen, Eva Ann-Sofie Saldeen, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen, Niels Bilenberg, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Jesper Pedersen, Louise Nyvang, Sarah Madsen, Marlene B Lauritsen…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:199

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Suicidal and violent behaviours are interlinked and share common biological underpinnings. In the present study we analysed the association between violent behaviour as a child, childhood trauma, adult psychia...

    Authors: Tomas Moberg, Marlene Stenbacka, Erik G Jönsson, Peter Nordström, Marie Åsberg and Jussi Jokinen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:195

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Social skills training (SST) is a common intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) to improve their social and communication skills. Despite the fact that SSTs are often applied in clinic...

    Authors: Vera Dekker, Maaike H Nauta, Erik J Mulder, Marieke E Timmerman and Annelies de Bildt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:189

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The term ‘self-harm’ encompasses both attempted suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Specific adolescent subpopulations such as ethnic or sexual minorities, and more controversially, those who identify...

    Authors: Robert Young, Nina Sproeber, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Marthe Preiss and Paul L Plener

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:137

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Most studies about informant agreements on adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems have been conducted in Western countries, but this subject has not been well researched in China. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Jiana Wang, Li Liu, Hui Wu, Xiaoshi Yang, Yang Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:114

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Regular monitoring of patient progress is important to assess the clinical effectiveness of an intervention. Recently, initiatives within UK child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) have advocated t...

    Authors: Charlotte L Hall, John Taylor, Maria Moldavsky, Michael Marriott, Sarah Pass, Karen Newell, Robert Goodman, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:113

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Young adolescents’ and their parents’ experiences with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its treatment were explored to investigate beliefs and attitudes regarding use of stimulant medication...

    Authors: Alice Charach, Emanuela Yeung, Tiziana Volpe, Tara Goodale and Susan dosReis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:110

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Psychotic symptoms in the context of psychiatric disorders are associated with poor functional outcomes. Environmental stressors are important in the development of psychosis; however, distress may only be pat...

    Authors: Johanna TW Wigman, Nina Devlin, Ian Kelleher, Aileen Murtagh, Michelle Harley, Anne Kehoe, Carol Fitzpatrick and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:97

    Content type: Research article

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  45. This study examined (1) the factor structure of a depressive symptoms scale (DSS), (2) the sex and longitudinal invariance of the DSS, and (3) the predictive validity of the DSS scale during adolescence in ter...

    Authors: Jennifer Brunet, Catherine M Sabiston, Michael Chaiton, Nancy CP Low, Gisèle Contreras, Tracie A Barnett and Jennifer L O’Loughlin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:95

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Studies in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) have implicated dysregulation of frontal-limbic circuits in the symptomology of this disorder. We hypothesized that the middle frontal gyrus (MFG; a core ...

    Authors: Stephanie Reynolds, Normand Carrey, Natalia Jaworska, Lisa Marie Langevin, Xiao-Ru Yang and Frank P MacMaster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:83

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Social phobia and depression are common, highly comorbid disorders in middle adolescence. The mechanism underlying this comorbidity, however, is unclear. Decrease in self-esteem caused by the initial disorder ...

    Authors: Juha-Matti Väänänen, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mika Helminen and Mauri Marttunen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:79

    Content type: Research article

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