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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Prescribing of antipsychotics (AP) to young people has increased in the last decade internationally. We aimed to characterize AP prescribing in a population of low-income youth in Nova Scotia, Canada.

    Authors: Andrea L Murphy, David M Gardner, Charmaine Cooke, Steve Kisely, Jean Hughes and Stan P Kutcher

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:198

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Once considered to be a disorder restricted to childhood, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is now recognised to persist into adult life. However, service provision for adults with ADHD is limite...

    Authors: Charlotte L Hall, Karen Newell, John Taylor, Kapil Sayal, Katie D Swift and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:186

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Anxiety is a problem for many children, particularly because of its negative consequences not only on the wellbeing of the child, but also on society. Adequate prevention and treatment might be the key in tack...

    Authors: Manon LA van Starrenburg, Rowella CWM Kuijpers, Giel JM Hutschemaekers and Rutger CME Engels

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Although life course influences have long been recognised in affective disorder, little is known about the influence of early life factors on late life anxiety and depression. The aim was to investigate the ex...

    Authors: Jens Christoffer Skogen, Robert Stewart, Arnstein Mykletun, Marit Knapstad and Simon Øverland

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:136

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Identification of gene × environment interactions (G × E) for depression is a crucial step in ascertaining the mechanisms underpinning the disorder. Earlier studies have indicated strong genetic influences and...

    Authors: Akemi Tomoda, Shota Nishitani, Naomi Matsuura, Takashi X Fujisawa, Junko Kawatani, Daiki Toyohisa, Mai Ono and Kazuyuki Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:134

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is often comorbid with psychiatric and developmental disorders. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Chinese children w...

    Authors: Rongwang Yang, Shujiong Mao, Suhan Zhang, Rong Li and Zhengyan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:133

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Deficits in working memory are widely reported in schizophrenia and are considered a trait marker for the disorder. Event-related potentials (ERPs) and imaging data suggest that these differences in working me...

    Authors: Caroline Rawdon, Jennifer Murphy, Mathieu M Blanchard, Ian Kelleher, Mary C Clarke, Fergal Kavanagh, Mary Cannon and Richard AP Roche

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:125

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Depression among adolescents is common but most cases go undetected. Brief questionnaires offer an opportunity to identify probable cases but properly validated cut-off points are often unavailable, especially...

    Authors: Ricardo Araya, Jesus Montero-Marin, Sergio Barroilhet, Rosemarie Fritsch and Alan Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:122

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:269

  9. Previous studies in bipolar disorder investigating childhood trauma and clinical presentations of the illness have mainly focused on physical and sexual abuse. Our aim was to explore further the relationship b...

    Authors: Sara Larsson, Monica Aas, Ole Klungsøyr, Ingrid Agartz, Erlend Mork, Nils Eiel Steen, Elizabeth A Barrett, Trine V Lagerberg, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Ingrid Melle, Ole A Andreassen and Steinar Lorentzen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:97

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is little research on the process of transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). More recently, there is growing recognition that Atten...

    Authors: Katie D Swift, Charlotte L Hall, Vic Marimuttu, Lucy Redstone, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Longitudinal epidemiological studies involving child/adolescent mental health problems are scarce in developing countries, particularly in regions characterized by adverse living conditions. We examined the in...

    Authors: Daniel Fatori, Isabel A Bordin, Bartira M Curto and Cristiane S de Paula

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:31

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Deficits in executive functioning are of great significance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One of these executive functions, working memory, plays an important role in academic performance...

    Authors: Marthe LA van der Donk, Anne-Claire Hiemstra-Beernink, Ariane C Tjeenk-Kalff, Aryan V van der Leij and Ramón JL Lindauer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 5% of children worldwide and results in significant impairments in daily functioning. Few community-ascertained samples of children with AD...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Elizabeth J Schilpzand, Vicki Anderson, Brad Jongeling, Philip Hazell, Obioha C Ukoumunne and Jan M Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Methylphenidate (MPH) is the most common drug treatment of attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Treatment with MPH is contraindicated in the presence of certain psychiatric, cerebro- ...

    Authors: Angela A Kraut, Ingo Langner, Christina Lindemann, Tobias Banaschewski, Ulrike Petermann, Franz Petermann, Rafael T Mikolajczyk and Edeltraut Garbe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:11

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Experimental animal studies and one population-based study have suggested an increased risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome after prenatal exposure to SSRIs. We describe the methods and design of a popu...

    Authors: Heli Malm, Miia Artama, Alan S Brown, Mika Gissler, David Gyllenberg, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Ian McKeague and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:217

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Numerous medications have been tested on patients with pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger’s disorder. Although many of these medications have been demonstrated to b...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Miyaoka, Rei Wake, Motohide Furuya, Kristian Liaury, Masa Ieda, Kazunori Kawakami, Keiko Tsuchie, Takuji Inagaki and Jun Horiguchi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:215

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two to three times more likely to experience sleep problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the relative contributions of circadian ...

    Authors: Reut Gruber, Laura Fontil, Lana Bergmame, Sabrina T Wiebe, Rhonda Amsel, Sonia Frenette and Julie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:212

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a life-threatening traumatic experience. Meta-analyses of the brainstem showed that midsagittal area of the pons was...

    Authors: Dongjuan Liu, Bing Xiao, Fang Han, Enhua Wang and Yuxiu Shi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:211

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Our objective was to determine antioxidant defence activity in healthy controls (HC) and healthy unaffected second-degree relatives of patients with early onset psychosis (HC-FHP), and to assess its relationsh...

    Authors: Ana Gonzalez-Pinto, Monica Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, Celso Arango, Immaculada Baeza, Soraya Otero-Cuesta, Montserrat Graell-Berna, César Soutullo, Juan Carlos Leza and Juan Antonio Micó

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:200

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Methylphenidate (MPH), a psycho-stimulant, is the most widely administered drug for the pharmacological management of patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study attempts to deter...

    Authors: Yu-Shu Huang, Liang-Jen Wang and Chih-Ken Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and benzodiazepine anxiolytics are used in the US to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). While benzodiazepines typic...

    Authors: Ariel Berger, John Edelsberg, Michael Treglia, Jose Ma J Alvir and Gerry Oster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:177

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The mental health needs of young children in humanitarian contexts often remain unaddressed. The lack of a validated, rapid and simple tool for screening combined with few mental health professionals able to a...

    Authors: Caroline Marquer, Caroline Barry, Yoram Mouchenik, Sarah Hustache, Douma M Djibo, Mahamane L Manzo, Bruno Falissard, Anne Révah-Lévy, Rebecca F Grais and Marie-Rose Moro

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:170

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A randomized and controlled clinical study was performed to evaluate the use of neurofeedback (NF) to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen and Irene B Elgen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:107

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Preterm survivors from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are considered to be at risk for some neurobehavioral disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aimed t...

    Authors: Shih-Ming Chu, Ming-Horng Tsai, Fan-Ming Hwang, Jen-Fu Hsu, Hsuan Rong Huang and Yu-Shu Huang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:85

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To date, no studies have assessed in detail the characteristics, organisation, and functioning of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). This information gap represents a major limitation for res...

    Authors: Laura Pedrini, Giovanni Colasurdo, Stefano Costa, Michela Fabiani, Linda Ferraresi, Emilio Franzoni, Francesca Masina, Renato Moschen, Vittoria Neviani, Stefano Palazzi, Roberto Parisi, Antonia Parmeggiani, Antonio Preti, Cosimo Ricciutello, Marco BL Rocchi, Davide Sisti…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To evaluate the concurrent and discriminant validity of a brief DSM-based structured diagnostic interview for referred individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).

    Authors: Gagan Joshi, Carter R Petty, Ronna Fried, Janet Wozniak, Jamie A Micco, Aude Henin, Robert Doyle, Maribel Galdo, Meghan Kotarski, Janet Caruso, Benjamin Meller, Stephen V Faraone and Joseph Biederman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:204

    Content type: Research article

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