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Eating disorders

Section edited by Secondo Fassino

This section is dedicated to all types of eating disorders. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, eating disorders not otherwise specified and binge eating disorder, obesity, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, intensive treatments (hospitalization and partial hospitalization), family therapies, neuroimaging, genetics, neuropsychology, nutrition and psychiatry, nutrition and personality disorders, nutrition and the brain, neuroendocrinology, metabolic alterations in eating disorders.

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  1. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe disorder, for which genetic evidence suggests psychiatric as well as metabolic origins. AN has high somatic and psychiatric comorbidities, broad impact on quality of life, and...

    Authors: Maria Seidel, Stefan Ehrlich, Lauren Breithaupt, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Christopher Hübel, Laura M. Thornton, Androula Savva, Bengt T. Fundin, Jessica Pege, Annelie Billger, Afrouz Abbaspour, Martin Schaefer, Ilka Boehm, Johan Zvrskovec, Emilie Vangsgaard Rosager…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:507

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Evidence from observational studies suggests an association between anxiety disorders and anorexia nervosa (AN), but causal inference is complicated by the potential for confounding in these studies. We triang...

    Authors: E. Caitlin Lloyd, Hannah M. Sallis, Bas Verplanken, Anne M. Haase and Marcus R. Munafò

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There is a dearth of research into mental disorders amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples (herein First Australians) and especially into eating disorders. In order to understand the healthcare ...

    Authors: Adam Burt, Haider Mannan, Stephen Touyz and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The Binge Eating Genetics Initiative (BEGIN) is a multipronged investigation examining the interplay of genomic, gut microbiota, and behavioral factors in bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.

    Authors: Cynthia M. Bulik, Jonathan E. Butner, Jenna Tregarthen, Laura M. Thornton, Rachael E. Flatt, Tosha Smith, Ian M. Carroll, Brian R.W. Baucom and Pascal R. Deboeck

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:307

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Studies show that adult patients with anorexia nervosa display cognitive impairments. These impairments may be caused by illness-related circumstances such as low weight. However, the question is whether there...

    Authors: Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Alia Arif Hussain, Jan Magnus Sjögren and René Klinkby Støving

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:284

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Binge eating disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating accompanied by a sense of lack of control. Of the different treatments available, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Enhanced and guided s...

    Authors: Elske van den Berg, Bernou Melisse, Jitske Koenders, Margo de Jonge, Matthijs Blankers, Edwin de Beurs and Jack Dekker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:190

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The Eating Disorder Examination – Questionnaire Short (EDE-QS) was developed as a 12-item version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) with a 4-point response scale that assesses eating dis...

    Authors: Katarina Prnjak, Deborah Mitchison, Scott Griffiths, Jonathan Mond, Nicole Gideon, Lucy Serpell and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a psychiatric disorder with unclear pathophysiology. Several studies have associated BN with structural and functional changes in the brain, but findings have been inconsistent. Here we...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Xiaowei Liu, Yu Wang, Lingfei Li, Linli Zheng, Yaya Liu, Jing Ma and Lan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common in patients with eating disorders (EDs). There is a lack of research investigating the presence of ED symptoms among patients with OCD, despite concerns that many ...

    Authors: Lasse Bang, Unn Beate Kristensen, Line Wisting, Kristin Stedal, Marianne Garte, Åse Minde and Øyvind Rø

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder with the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric diseases. However, few studies have examined inpatient characteristics and treatment for AN. This study aime...

    Authors: Shunsuke Edakubo and Kiyohide Fushimi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  11. We evaluated the performance of a clinical algorithm (Expali™), combining two or more positive answers to SCOFF questionnaire with Body Mass Index (BMI), to identify four Broad Categories of eating disorders (ED)...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Tavolacci, André Gillibert, Aurélien Zhu Soubise, Sébastien Grigioni and Pierre Déchelotte

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:366

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The amount of research about orthorexic attitudes and behaviours has increased in the last five years, but is still mainly based on descriptive and anecdotal data, yielding a variety of prevalence data and inc...

    Authors: Carla Gramaglia, Eleonora Gambaro, Claudia Delicato, Marco Marchetti, Marco Sarchiapone, Daniela Ferrante, María Roncero, Conxa Perpiñá, Anna Brytek-Matera, Ewa Wojtyna and Patrizia Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Mentalizing, the mental capacity to understand oneself and others in terms of mental states, has been found to be reduced in some mental disorders such as Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Some studies ha...

    Authors: Sofia Sacchetti, Paul Robinson, Alexandra Bogaardt, Ajay Clare, Catherine Ouellet-Courtois, Patrick Luyten, Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) experience difficulties in neurocognitive functioning in the acute phase of illness which might be related to clinical presentation, but also in the apparently remitted stat...

    Authors: K. Kucharska, D. Kulakowska, M. Starzomska, F. Rybakowski and K. Biernacka

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:15

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by an obsession with healthy eating, which may lead to severe physical, psychological and social disorders. It is particularly important to research this problem in pop...

    Authors: María-Laura Parra-Fernández, Teresa Rodríguez-Cano, María-Dolores Onieva-Zafra, María José Perez-Haro, Víctor Casero-Alonso, Elia Fernández-Martinez and Blanca Notario-Pacheco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:364

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) often present with pancytopenia. In most cases described in the literature, AN with pancytopenia demonstrates gelatinous marrow transformation (GMT), which is a typical bone...

    Authors: Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Akihiro Kitadate, Ryo Sasaki, Takahiro Kobayashi, Hiroshi Nanjyo, Takashi Kanbayashi and Tetsuo Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:150

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The clinical utility of the existing apps for people with eating disorders (EDs) is not clear. The TCApp has been specifically developed for people with EDs, is based on the principles of Cognitive Behavioural...

    Authors: Dimitra Anastasiadou, Francisco Lupiañez-Villanueva, Clara Faulí, Jordina Arcal Cunillera and Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:118

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. There is a need for novel treatment approaches in anorexia nervosa (AN). While there is broad knowledge with regard to altered appetite regulation and neuropsychological deficits in AN patients on the one hand...

    Authors: Georgios Paslakis, Stefanie Maas, Bernd Gebhardt, Andreas Mayr, Manfred Rauh and Yesim Erim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:93

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Family-based treatments are first-line treatments for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED) but have to be improved since outcome is poor for some. We have investigated the one-year outcome of a f...

    Authors: Ingemar Swenne, Thomas Parling and Helena Salonen Ros

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:333

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Previous prevention programs in the school context have not addressed both genders, have been time-consuming, or have had deficits in the evaluation method. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the imp...

    Authors: Antje Gumz, Angelika Weigel, Anne Daubmann, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:293

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) form a relatively common comorbidity, with poorer illness outcomes and poorer responses to treatments for AN compared to individuals without ASD. Howeve...

    Authors: Emma Kinnaird, Caroline Norton and Kate Tchanturia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:292

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The purpose of the study was to evaluate in a sample of insulin-treated diabetic patients, with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the DEPS-R scale, a diabete...

    Authors: Federica Pinna, Enrica Diana, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Deiana, Mirko Manchia, Eraldo Nicotra, Andrea Fiorillo, Umberto Albert, Alessandra Nivoli, Umberto Volpe, Anna Rita Atti, Silvia Ferrari, Federica Medda, Maria Gloria Atzeni, Daniela Manca, Elisa Mascia…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:262

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a 27-item self-report measure that assesses positive and negative beliefs about binge eating. It has been validated and its factor structure explored in a non-clinical...

    Authors: Amy L. Burton, Phillipa Hay, Sabina Kleitman, Evelyn Smith, Jayanthi Raman, Jessica Swinbourne, Stephen W. Touyz and Maree J. Abbott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:237

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sufferers from bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) underestimate the severity risk of their illness and, therefore, postpone seeking professional help for years. Moreover, less than one in fiv...

    Authors: Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H. Rosenvinge, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, KariAnne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Mette Svendsen, Trine Stensrud, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn and Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:180

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Establishing the sequence in which risk factors for eating disorders (ED) emerge would enable more effective ED prevention. Thus, in our study we investigated reciprocal and indirect associations between three...

    Authors: Karolina Zarychta, Barbara Mullan, Magdalena Kruk and Aleksandra Luszczynska

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:154

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To examine the differences of associated characteristics and prescription drug use between co-occurring unipolar and bipolar disorders in patients with eating disorders (EDs).

    Authors: Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Chin-Hao Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao and Hsi-Chung Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:81

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as pathological healthful eating. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, ...

    Authors: C. Gramaglia, A. Brytek-Matera, R. Rogoza and P. Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:75

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Very little is known about the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder and even less in other eating disorders. This knowledge gap is of clinical importance since stimulant tre...

    Authors: Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg and Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Considerable progress has been made in recent years in developing effective treatments for child and adolescent anorexia nervosa, with a general consensus in the field that eating disorders focussed family the...

    Authors: Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic, John Hodsoll, Eia Asen, Mark Berelowitz, Frances Connan, Gladys Ellis, Pippa Hugo, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Irene Yi and Sabine Landau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:422

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe mental illness, with an unknown etiology. Magnetic resonance imaging studies show reduced brain volumes and cortical thickness in patients compared to healthy controls. Howeve...

    Authors: Tone Seim Fuglset, Tor Endestad, Eva Hilland, Lasse Bang, Christian Krog Tamnes, Nils Inge Landrø and Øyvind Rø

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:404

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Emerging evidence suggests that changes in quality of life (QoL) predicts later changes in eating disorder (ED) symptoms. The objective of this study was to explore individual sufferers’ perspectives on the in...

    Authors: Deborah Mitchison, Lisa Dawson, Lucy Hand, Jonathan Mond and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:328

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and...

    Authors: Yngvild S. Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad and Ute Kessler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:342

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Patients with severe Anorexia Nervosa (AN) whose condition is life-threatening or who are not receiving adequate ambulatory care are hospitalized. However, 40 % of these patients leave the hospital prematurely...

    Authors: H. Roux, A. Ali, S. Lambert, L. Radon, C. Huas, F. Curt, S. Berthoz and Nathalie Godart

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:339

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The current study aimed to evaluate group Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) inpatients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). We aimed to examine the treatment response of group CRT in AN patients with high or low leve...

    Authors: Kate Tchanturia, Emma Larsson and James Adamson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:334

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Relapse is common among recovered anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. Studies on relapse prevention with an average follow-up period of 18 months found relapse rates between 35 and 41 %. In leading guidelines ther...

    Authors: Tamara Berends, Berno van Meijel, Willem Nugteren, Mathijs Deen, Unna N. Danner, Hans W. Hoek and Annemarie A. van Elburg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:316

    Content type: Research article

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  36. No specific psychotherapy for adult anorexia nervosa (AN) has shown superior effect. Maintenance factors in AN (over-evaluation of control over eating, weight and shape) were addressed via Acceptance and Commi...

    Authors: Thomas Parling, Martin Cernvall, Mia Ramklint, Sven Holmgren and Ata Ghaderi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:272

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a difficult to treat disorder characterized by ambivalence towards recovery and high mortality. Eating symptomatology has a sort of adaptive function for those who suffer from AN but n...

    Authors: Enrica Marzola, Corine Panepinto, Nadia Delsedime, Federico Amianto, Secondo Fassino and Giovanni Abbate-Daga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:190

    Content type: Research article

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  38. We linked extensive longitudinal data from the Swedish national eating disorders quality registers and patient registers to explore clinical characteristics at diagnosis, diagnostic flux, psychiatric comorbidi...

    Authors: Elisabeth Welch, Andreas Jangmo, Laura M. Thornton, Claes Norring, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Barry K. Herman, Manjiri Pawaskar, Henrik Larsson and Cynthia M. Bulik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Current models of Anorexia Nervosa (AN) emphasize the role of emotion regulation. Aversive tension, described as a state of intense arousal and negative valence, is considered to be a link between emotional ev...

    Authors: David R. Kolar, Florian Hammerle, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Michael Huss and Arne Bürger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:97

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with a high mortality rate. This study describes a compulsory re-feeding program established in Munich for extremely underweight patients.

    Authors: Christoph Born, Larissa de la Fontaine, Bettina Winter, Norbert Müller, Annette Schaub, Clemens Früstück, Cornelius Schüle, Ulrich Voderholzer, Ulrich Cuntz, Peter Falkai and Eva Meisenzahl

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:57

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There are a high number of adolescents who are at risk of developing an eating disorder. There is, therefore, a strong need to implement prevention programs aimed at reducing the incidence of eating disorders ...

    Authors: Angelika Weigel, Antje Gumz, Natalie Uhlenbusch, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Several studies have investigated the cognitive profile in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN); on the contrary few studies have evaluated it in patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BE...

    Authors: Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Antonella Bruni, Antonella Palmieri, Maria Antonella Cauteruccio, Pasquale De Fazio and Cristina Segura-García

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:6

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Treatments of eating disorders result too often in partial psychological and physical remission, chronicization, dropout, relapse and death, with no fully known explanations for this failure. In order to clari...

    Authors: Francesca Brambilla, Federico Amianto, Riccardo Dalle Grave and Secondo Fassino

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:376

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental disorder with grave burdens for affected individuals as well as for the healthcare system. One of the strongest predictors of a poor outcome is a long Duration of Untreated Il...

    Authors: Antje Gumz, Natalie Uhlenbusch, Angelika Weigel, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:300

    Content type: Study protocol

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