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Eating disorders

Section edited by Secondo Fassino

This section is dedicated to all types of eating disorders. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, eating disorders not otherwise specified and binge eating disorder, obesity, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, intensive treatments (hospitalization and partial hospitalization), family therapies, neuroimaging, genetics, neuropsychology, nutrition and psychiatry, nutrition and personality disorders, nutrition and the brain, neuroendocrinology, metabolic alterations in eating disorders.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The amount of research about orthorexic attitudes and behaviours has increased in the last five years, but is still mainly based on descriptive and anecdotal data, yielding a variety of prevalence data and inc...

    Authors: Carla Gramaglia, Eleonora Gambaro, Claudia Delicato, Marco Marchetti, Marco Sarchiapone, Daniela Ferrante, María Roncero, Conxa Perpiñá, Anna Brytek-Matera, Ewa Wojtyna and Patrizia Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:235

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Mentalizing, the mental capacity to understand oneself and others in terms of mental states, has been found to be reduced in some mental disorders such as Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Some studies ha...

    Authors: Sofia Sacchetti, Paul Robinson, Alexandra Bogaardt, Ajay Clare, Catherine Ouellet-Courtois, Patrick Luyten, Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:134

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) experience difficulties in neurocognitive functioning in the acute phase of illness which might be related to clinical presentation, but also in the apparently remitted stat...

    Authors: K. Kucharska, D. Kulakowska, M. Starzomska, F. Rybakowski and K. Biernacka

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:15

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by an obsession with healthy eating, which may lead to severe physical, psychological and social disorders. It is particularly important to research this problem in pop...

    Authors: María-Laura Parra-Fernández, Teresa Rodríguez-Cano, María-Dolores Onieva-Zafra, María José Perez-Haro, Víctor Casero-Alonso, Elia Fernández-Martinez and Blanca Notario-Pacheco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:364

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) often present with pancytopenia. In most cases described in the literature, AN with pancytopenia demonstrates gelatinous marrow transformation (GMT), which is a typical bone...

    Authors: Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Akihiro Kitadate, Ryo Sasaki, Takahiro Kobayashi, Hiroshi Nanjyo, Takashi Kanbayashi and Tetsuo Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:150

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    The clinical utility of the existing apps for people with eating disorders (EDs) is not clear. The TCApp has been specifically developed for people with EDs, is based on the principles of Cognitive Behavioural...

    Authors: Dimitra Anastasiadou, Francisco Lupiañez-Villanueva, Clara Faulí, Jordina Arcal Cunillera and Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:118

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a need for novel treatment approaches in anorexia nervosa (AN). While there is broad knowledge with regard to altered appetite regulation and neuropsychological deficits in AN patients on the one hand...

    Authors: Georgios Paslakis, Stefanie Maas, Bernd Gebhardt, Andreas Mayr, Manfred Rauh and Yesim Erim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:93

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Family-based treatments are first-line treatments for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED) but have to be improved since outcome is poor for some. We have investigated the one-year outcome of a f...

    Authors: Ingemar Swenne, Thomas Parling and Helena Salonen Ros

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:333

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous prevention programs in the school context have not addressed both genders, have been time-consuming, or have had deficits in the evaluation method. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the imp...

    Authors: Antje Gumz, Angelika Weigel, Anne Daubmann, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:293

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) form a relatively common comorbidity, with poorer illness outcomes and poorer responses to treatments for AN compared to individuals without ASD. Howeve...

    Authors: Emma Kinnaird, Caroline Norton and Kate Tchanturia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:292

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate in a sample of insulin-treated diabetic patients, with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the DEPS-R scale, a diabete...

    Authors: Federica Pinna, Enrica Diana, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Deiana, Mirko Manchia, Eraldo Nicotra, Andrea Fiorillo, Umberto Albert, Alessandra Nivoli, Umberto Volpe, Anna Rita Atti, Silvia Ferrari, Federica Medda, Maria Gloria Atzeni, Daniela Manca, Elisa Mascia…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:262

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a 27-item self-report measure that assesses positive and negative beliefs about binge eating. It has been validated and its factor structure explored in a non-clinical...

    Authors: Amy L. Burton, Phillipa Hay, Sabina Kleitman, Evelyn Smith, Jayanthi Raman, Jessica Swinbourne, Stephen W. Touyz and Maree J. Abbott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:237

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Sufferers from bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) underestimate the severity risk of their illness and, therefore, postpone seeking professional help for years. Moreover, less than one in fiv...

    Authors: Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H. Rosenvinge, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, KariAnne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Mette Svendsen, Trine Stensrud, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn and Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:180

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Establishing the sequence in which risk factors for eating disorders (ED) emerge would enable more effective ED prevention. Thus, in our study we investigated reciprocal and indirect associations between three...

    Authors: Karolina Zarychta, Barbara Mullan, Magdalena Kruk and Aleksandra Luszczynska

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:154

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To examine the differences of associated characteristics and prescription drug use between co-occurring unipolar and bipolar disorders in patients with eating disorders (EDs).

    Authors: Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Chin-Hao Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao and Hsi-Chung Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:81

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as pathological healthful eating. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, ...

    Authors: C. Gramaglia, A. Brytek-Matera, R. Rogoza and P. Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:75

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder and even less in other eating disorders. This knowledge gap is of clinical importance since stimulant tre...

    Authors: Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg and Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:19

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Considerable progress has been made in recent years in developing effective treatments for child and adolescent anorexia nervosa, with a general consensus in the field that eating disorders focussed family the...

    Authors: Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic, John Hodsoll, Eia Asen, Mark Berelowitz, Frances Connan, Gladys Ellis, Pippa Hugo, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Irene Yi and Sabine Landau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:422

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe mental illness, with an unknown etiology. Magnetic resonance imaging studies show reduced brain volumes and cortical thickness in patients compared to healthy controls. Howeve...

    Authors: Tone Seim Fuglset, Tor Endestad, Eva Hilland, Lasse Bang, Christian Krog Tamnes, Nils Inge Landrø and Øyvind Rø

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:404

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Emerging evidence suggests that changes in quality of life (QoL) predicts later changes in eating disorder (ED) symptoms. The objective of this study was to explore individual sufferers’ perspectives on the in...

    Authors: Deborah Mitchison, Lisa Dawson, Lucy Hand, Jonathan Mond and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:328

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and...

    Authors: Yngvild S. Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad and Ute Kessler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:342

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Patients with severe Anorexia Nervosa (AN) whose condition is life-threatening or who are not receiving adequate ambulatory care are hospitalized. However, 40 % of these patients leave the hospital prematurely...

    Authors: H. Roux, A. Ali, S. Lambert, L. Radon, C. Huas, F. Curt, S. Berthoz and Nathalie Godart

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:339

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The current study aimed to evaluate group Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) inpatients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). We aimed to examine the treatment response of group CRT in AN patients with high or low leve...

    Authors: Kate Tchanturia, Emma Larsson and James Adamson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:334

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Relapse is common among recovered anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. Studies on relapse prevention with an average follow-up period of 18 months found relapse rates between 35 and 41 %. In leading guidelines ther...

    Authors: Tamara Berends, Berno van Meijel, Willem Nugteren, Mathijs Deen, Unna N. Danner, Hans W. Hoek and Annemarie A. van Elburg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:316

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  25. Content type: Research article

    No specific psychotherapy for adult anorexia nervosa (AN) has shown superior effect. Maintenance factors in AN (over-evaluation of control over eating, weight and shape) were addressed via Acceptance and Commi...

    Authors: Thomas Parling, Martin Cernvall, Mia Ramklint, Sven Holmgren and Ata Ghaderi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:272

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a difficult to treat disorder characterized by ambivalence towards recovery and high mortality. Eating symptomatology has a sort of adaptive function for those who suffer from AN but n...

    Authors: Enrica Marzola, Corine Panepinto, Nadia Delsedime, Federico Amianto, Secondo Fassino and Giovanni Abbate-Daga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:190

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  27. Content type: Research article

    We linked extensive longitudinal data from the Swedish national eating disorders quality registers and patient registers to explore clinical characteristics at diagnosis, diagnostic flux, psychiatric comorbidi...

    Authors: Elisabeth Welch, Andreas Jangmo, Laura M. Thornton, Claes Norring, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Barry K. Herman, Manjiri Pawaskar, Henrik Larsson and Cynthia M. Bulik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:163

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Current models of Anorexia Nervosa (AN) emphasize the role of emotion regulation. Aversive tension, described as a state of intense arousal and negative valence, is considered to be a link between emotional ev...

    Authors: David R. Kolar, Florian Hammerle, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Michael Huss and Arne Bürger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:97

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with a high mortality rate. This study describes a compulsory re-feeding program established in Munich for extremely underweight patients.

    Authors: Christoph Born, Larissa de la Fontaine, Bettina Winter, Norbert Müller, Annette Schaub, Clemens Früstück, Cornelius Schüle, Ulrich Voderholzer, Ulrich Cuntz, Peter Falkai and Eva Meisenzahl

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:57

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    There are a high number of adolescents who are at risk of developing an eating disorder. There is, therefore, a strong need to implement prevention programs aimed at reducing the incidence of eating disorders ...

    Authors: Angelika Weigel, Antje Gumz, Natalie Uhlenbusch, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:21

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have investigated the cognitive profile in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN); on the contrary few studies have evaluated it in patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BE...

    Authors: Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Antonella Bruni, Antonella Palmieri, Maria Antonella Cauteruccio, Pasquale De Fazio and Cristina Segura-García

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:6

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Treatments of eating disorders result too often in partial psychological and physical remission, chronicization, dropout, relapse and death, with no fully known explanations for this failure. In order to clari...

    Authors: Francesca Brambilla, Federico Amianto, Riccardo Dalle Grave and Secondo Fassino

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:376

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental disorder with grave burdens for affected individuals as well as for the healthcare system. One of the strongest predictors of a poor outcome is a long Duration of Untreated Il...

    Authors: Antje Gumz, Natalie Uhlenbusch, Angelika Weigel, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:300

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have predominantly evaluated the effectiveness of inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa at the group level. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes at an individual level b...

    Authors: Sandra Schlegl, Norbert Quadflieg, Bernd Löwe, Ulrich Cuntz and Ulrich Voderholzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:258

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Functional neuroimaging techniques are widely used to elucidate changes in brain activity, and various questionnaires are used to investigate psychopathological features in patients with eating disorders (ED)....

    Authors: Hiroto Katayama, Kunihiro Kohmura, Satoshi Tanaka, Miho Imaeda, Naoko Kawano, Yukihiro Noda, Kazuo Nishioka, Masahiko Ando, Branko Aleksic, Tetsuya Iidaka and Norio Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:173

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Shoplifting is a serious problem among patients with eating disorders. For more than a decade, we have treated many patients with eating disorders incarcerated in Hachioji Medical Prison only for repeated shop...

    Authors: Tomokuni Asami, Yoshiro Okubo, Mizuho Sekine and Toshiaki Nomura

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:169

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  37. Content type: Research article

    People with eating disorders (ED) often report poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which is explicitly correlated to illness’ severity and its effects on cognitive performance. We aimed to analyze hea...

    Authors: Monica Baiano, Pierandrea Salvo, Pierluigi Righetti, Lucia Cereser, Erika Baldissera, Ilenia Camponogara and Matteo Balestrieri

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:165

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Co-morbidity between Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) and eating disorders (ED) has been previously described; however the effect of this illness on the outcomes for conventional ED treatments has not been prev...

    Authors: Nuria Custal, Jon Arcelus, Zaida Agüera, Francesca I Bove, Jackie Wales, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Pino Alonso, José M Crespo, Nuria Virgili, Jose M Menchón and Fernando Fernandez-Aranda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:140

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Family-based treatment is an efficacious outpatient intervention for medically stable adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Previous research suggests family-based treatment may be more effective for some familie...

    Authors: Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Michele SM Yeo, Stephanie Campbell, Erica Allan, Ross D Crosby, Katharine L Loeb and Susan M Sawyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:105

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Attrition is common in the treatment of anorexia nervosa and its causes are complex and incompletely understood. In particular, its relationship with adaptive function and motivational stage of change has been...

    Authors: Ghada B Abd Elbaky, Phillipa J Hay, Daniel le Grange, Hubert Lacey, Ross D Crosby and Stephen Touyz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:69

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  41. Content type: Research article

    For a better differential diagnosis of eating disorders, it is necessary to investigate their subtypes and develop specific assessment tools to measure their specific symptoms. Orthorexia nervosa is an alleged...

    Authors: Márta Varga, Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Szilvia Dukay-Szabó, Ferenc Túry and Eric F van Furth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:59

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    The NOURISHED study: Nice OUtcomes for Referrals with Impulsivity, Self Harm and Eating Disorders.

    Authors: Paul Robinson, Barbara Barrett, Anthony Bateman, Az Hakeem, Jennifer Hellier, Fenella Lemonsky, Clare Rutterford, Ulrike Schmidt and Peter Fonagy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:51

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Disordered eating behavior and body dissatisfaction affect a large proportion of the Dutch population and account for severe psychological, physical and social morbidity. Yet, the threshold for seeking profess...

    Authors: Elke D ter Huurne, Marloes G Postel, Hein A de Haan and Cor AJ DeJong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:310

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