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Personality disorders and disorders of adult behavior

Section edited by Wei Wang

This section covers a broad range of personality disorders and topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychological assessment, associations among social roles, personality, and physical and mental health, and cognitive functions.

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  1. Conversion Disorders (CD) are prevalent functional disorders. Although the pathogenesis is still not completely understood, an interaction of genetic, neurobiological, and psychosocial factors is quite likely....

    Authors: Markus Boeckle, Gregor Liegl, Robert Jank and Christoph Pieh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:195

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by difficulties with impulse control and affective dysregulation. It is unclear whether BPD contributes to the perpetration of violence or whether this is...

    Authors: Rafael A. González, Artemis Igoumenou, Constantinos Kallis and Jeremy W. Coid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Previous neuroimaging data indicated that the dysfunction in cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuit contributed to the neuropathological mechanism of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Whereas, emer...

    Authors: Yajing Zhu, Qing Fan, Haiyin Zhang, Jianyin Qiu, Ling Tan, Zeping Xiao, Shanbao Tong, Jue Chen and Yao Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:104

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Deficits in mindfulness-related capacities have been described in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, little research has been conducted to explore which factors could explain these deficits. This ...

    Authors: Matilde Elices, Juan C. Pascual, Cristina Carmona, Ana Martín-Blanco, Albert Feliu-Soler, Elisabet Ruiz, Montserrat Gomà-i-Freixanet, Víctor Pérez and Joaquim Soler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:180

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:284

  5. Despite increasing knowledge of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across the life span, there is still little research on adults’ own experiences of being diagnosed with ADHD. The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Sara Lina Hansson Halleröd, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam and Marianne Hansson Scherman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:31

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Behavioral disturbances following chemotherapy with cisplatin are rare. Here, we report a patient with temporary loss of moral behavior in the setting of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for treatment of tonsillar...

    Authors: Kristian Barlinn, Hans Lehrach, Timo Siepmann, David Braeuer, Ulrich Buntrock and Norbert Sassim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:9

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Negative attitudes towards patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) may affect their treatment. We aimed to identify attitudes toward patients with BPD.

    Authors: Ehud Bodner, Sara Cohen-Fridel, Mordechai Mashiah, Michael Segal, Alexander Grinshpoon, Tzvi Fischel and Iulian Iancu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:2

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe and highly prevalent mental disorder. Schema therapy (ST) has been found effective in the treatment of BPD and is commonly delivered through an individual form...

    Authors: Pim Wetzelaer, Joan Farrell, Silvia MAA Evers, Gitta A Jacob, Christopher W Lee, Odette Brand, Gerard van Breukelen, Eva Fassbinder, Heather Fretwell, R Patrick Harper, Anna Lavender, George Lockwood, Ioannis A Malogiannis, Ulrich Schweiger, Helen Startup, Teresa Stevenson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:319

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with a high socioeconomic burden. Although a number of evidence-based treatments for BPD are currently available, they are not widely disseminated; furthermo...

    Authors: Elisabeth MP Laurenssen, Maaike L Smits, Dawn L Bales, Dine J Feenstra, Hester V Eeren, Marc J Noom, Maartje A Köster, Zwaan Lucas, Reinier Timman, Jack JM Dekker, Patrick Luyten, Jan JV Busschbach and Roel Verheul

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:301

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Although previous studies suggest a high frequency of psychotic symptoms in DSM-IV Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) there is currently no consensus on their prevalence and characteristics (type, frequency...

    Authors: Francesco Oliva, Marinella Dalmotto, Elvezio Pirfo, Pier Maria Furlan and Rocco Luigi Picci

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:239

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) are common in adolescents. While there is no standardized interview in German to assess SITBs to date, the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI) ...

    Authors: Gloria Fischer, Nina Ameis, Peter Parzer, Paul L Plener, Rebecca Groschwitz, Eva Vonderlin, Michael Kölch, Romuald Brunner and Michael Kaess

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:265

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It is still a matter of debate as to whether patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suffer from memory deficits. Existing studies indicate no or small impairments in memory test performance. Howev...

    Authors: Thomas Beblo, Christoph Mensebach, Katja Wingenfeld, Nina Rullkoetter, Nicole Schlosser and Martin Driessen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:255

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Severe borderline personality disorder is associated with a very high psychosocial and economic burden. Current treatment guidelines suggest that several manualized treatments, including day hospital Mentaliza...

    Authors: Elisabeth MP Laurenssen, Dieuwertje Westra, Martijn J Kikkert, Marc J Noom, Hester V Eeren, Anna J van Broekhuyzen, Jaap Peen, Patrick Luyten, Jan JV Busschbach and Jack JM Dekker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:149

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Although psychotherapy is considered the treatment of choice for patients with personality disorders (PDs), there is no consensus about the optimal level of care for this group of patients. This study reports ...

    Authors: Bjørnar T Antonsen, Ole Klungsøyr, Anne Kamps, Benjamin Hummelen, Merete S Johansen, Geir Pedersen, Øyvind Urnes, Elfrida H Kvarstein, Sigmund Karterud and Theresa Wilberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:119

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Differing perspectives of self-harm may result in a struggle between patients and treatment staff. As a consequence, both sides have difficulty communicating effectively about the underlying problems and feeli...

    Authors: Nienke Kool, Berno van Meijel, Bauke Koekkoek, Jaap van der Bijl and Ad Kerkhof

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:64

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Schizophrenia is a highly heterogeneous disorder with positive and negative symptoms being characteristic manifestations of the disease. While these two symptom domains are usually construed as distinct and or...

    Authors: Lei Chen, Joseph A Johnston, Bruce J Kinon, Virginia Stauffer, Paul Succop, Tiago R Marques and Haya Ascher-Svanum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:320

    Content type: Research article

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  17. It is well established that patients with serious mental disorders have higher mortality than the general population, yet there are few studies on mortality of both natural and unnatural causes in patients wit...

    Authors: Anne Høye, Bjarne K Jacobsen and Vidje Hansen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:317

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Day-hospital-based treatment programmes have been recommended for poorly functioning patients with personality disorders (PD). However, more research is needed to confirm the cost-effectiveness of such extensi...

    Authors: Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Espen Arnevik, Vidar Halsteinli, Frida Gullestad Rø, Sigmund Karterud and Theresa Wilberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:315

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Malingering detection has emerged as an important issue in clinical and forensic settings. The Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2) was designed to assess the feigned symptoms in both clinical ...

    Authors: Chang Liu, Zhening Liu, Helen FK Chiu, Tam Wai-Cheong Carl, Huiran Zhang, Peng Wang, Guowei Wu, Tumbewene E Mwansisya, Longlong Cao, Aimin Hu, Yu Wang and Zhimin Xue

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:254

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This study examined the effects of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) on quality of life (QOL) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and clinically significant executive function defici...

    Authors: Lenard A Adler, Bryan Dirks, Patrick Deas, Aparna Raychaudhuri, Matthew Dauphin, Keith Saylor and Richard Weisler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:253

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The assessment of personality organization and its observable behavioral manifestations, i.e. personality functioning, has a long tradition in psychodynamic psychiatry. Recently, the DSM-5 Levels of Personalit...

    Authors: Stephan Doering, Markus Burgmer, Gereon Heuft, Dina Menke, Brigitta Bäumer, Margit Lübking, Marcus Feldmann, Susanne Hörz and Gudrun Schneider

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:210

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Personality disorders (PDs) during adolescence may, in addition to increasing risk for violent behaviors and suicide, also increase risk for elevated PD traits in adulthood. The aim of this study was to explor...

    Authors: Yuping Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Lin Cai, Qin Wang, Mengcheng Wang, Jinyao Yi and Shuqiao Yao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:116

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Symptoms of hyperactivity are believed to fade with age leaving ADHD adults mostly inattentive and impulsive. Our aim was to test this assertion using objective measures of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inatt...

    Authors: Martin H Teicher, Ann Polcari, Nikolaos Fourligas, Gordana Vitaliano and Carryl P Navalta

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:190

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Individuals with ADHD have been associated with more employment difficulties in early adulthood than healthy community controls. To examine whether this association is attributable specifically to disturbance ...

    Authors: Marianne Mordre, Berit Groholt, Berit Sandstad and Anne Margrethe Myhre

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:174

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chronic whiplash leads to considerable patient suffering and substantial societal costs. There are two competing hypothesis on the etiology of chronic whiplash. The traditional organic hypothesis considers chr...

    Authors: Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Hanne Gro Wenzel and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:129

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Personality disorder (PD) is associated with significant functional impairment and an elevated risk of violent and suicidal behaviour. The prevalence of PD in populations of young offenders is likely to be hig...

    Authors: Mickey Kongerslev, Paul Moran, Sune Bo and Erik Simonsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:94

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Infections and immunological processes are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of Tourette’s syndrome (TS). To determine possible common underlying immunological mechanisms, we focused on innate immunity...

    Authors: Judith Matz, Daniela L Krause, Sandra Dehning, Michael Riedel, Rudolf Gruber, Markus J Schwarz and Norbert Müller

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:29

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Individuals affected by severe Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are often heavy users of Mental Health Services (MHS). Short-term treatments currently used in BPD therapy are useful to target disruptive b...

    Authors: Federico Amianto, Andrea Ferrero, Andrea Pierò, Elisabetta Cairo, Giuseppe Rocca, Barbara Simonelli, Simona Fassina, Giovanni Abbate-Daga and Secondo Fassino

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:181

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of a comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnosis in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and its impact on the clinical presentatio...

    Authors: Mario Speranza, Anne Revah-Levy, Samuele Cortese, Bruno Falissard, Alexandra Pham-Scottez and Maurice Corcos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:158

    Content type: Research article

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