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Social psychiatry, therapy and provision of mental health care

Section edited by Linda Davies

This is a broad section which covers general aspects of mental healthcare. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, internet in psychological research, behavior surveillance, epidemiology, psychiatric rehabilitation, health behavior, community mental health, work and mental health, occupational psychiatry and psychosocial risk factors. Epidemiology, assessment, and treatment/rehabilitation issues related to specific disorders covered by other sections are dealt with in the disorder specific sections.

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  1. Few studies have addressed mental illness-related discrimination in low-income countries, where the mental health treatment gap is highest. We aimed to evaluate the experience of discrimination among persons w...

    Authors: Sarah Forthal, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Graham Thornicroft and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:340

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours contribute to alarming cardiometabolic risk in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools supporting patients and staff in improving pat...

    Authors: Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert A. Schoevers and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:339

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Increasing attention has been paid to differences in the prevalence of perinatal depression by HIV status, although inconsistent results have been reported. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Qi-Yu Zhu, De-Sheng Huang, Jian-Da Lv, Peng Guan and Xing-Hua Bai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Numerous studies across international settings have highlighted a need to improve the appropriateness and continuity of services for young people experiencing mental ill health. This paper examines key feature...

    Authors: Rachael Green, Penelope Fay Mitchell, Kira Lee, Ella Svensson, Jia-Wern Toh, Carolyn Barentsen, Michala Copeland, J. Richard Newton, Kari Christine Hawke and Lisa Brophy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:311

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Shared decision making is a widely accepted standard of patient-centred care that leads to improved clinical outcomes, yet it is commonly underutilised in the field of mental health. Furthermore, little is kno...

    Authors: S. J. Kaar, C. Gobjila, E. Butler, C. Henderson and O. D. Howes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Persistent physical symptoms (PPS), also known as medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), affect approximately 50% of patients in secondary care and are often associated with disability, psychological distress a...

    Authors: Trudie Chalder, Meenal Patel, Kirsty James, Matthew Hotopf, Philipp Frank, Katie Watts, Paul McCrone, Anthony David, Mark Ashworth, Mujtaba Husain, Toby Garrood, Rona Moss-Morris and Sabine Landau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:307

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Patients with mental illness are frequently treated in primary care, where Primary Care Providers (PCPs) report feeling ill-equipped to manage their care. Team-based models of care improve outcomes for patient...

    Authors: Danielle F. Loeb, Samantha Pelican Monson, Steven Lockhart, Cori Depue, Evette Ludman, Donald E. Nease Jr, Ingrid A. Binswanger, Danielle M. Kline, Frank V. de Gruy, Dixie G. Good and Elizabeth A. Bayliss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:299

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Common mental disorders such as depression and anxiety frequently co-occur and may share etiological mechanisms. The metacognitive model is based on the principle that there are common pathological mechanisms ...

    Authors: Henrik Nordahl, Ingunn Harsvik Ødegaard, Odin Hjemdal and Adrian Wells

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:288

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death among people with serious mental illness (SMI). Sedentary behaviour (SB) is an independent risk factor for CVD and mortality and people with...

    Authors: Julie Williams, Brendon Stubbs, Sol Richardson, Cathy Flower, Lucy Barr-Hamilton, Barbara Grey, Kathryn Hubbard, Gilda Spaducci, Fiona Gaughran and Tom Craig

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:287

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Maternal mental health is an international public health concern. Many women experience mental ill-health during and after pregnancy, but assessment is not part of routine maternity care in many low- and middl...

    Authors: Mary McCauley, Abigail Brown, Bernice Ofosu and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:279

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:304

  11. Many Canadian adolescents and young adults with mental health problems face delayed detection, long waiting lists, poorly accessible services, care of inconsistent quality and abrupt or absent inter-service tr...

    Authors: Srividya N. Iyer, Jai Shah, Patricia Boksa, Shalini Lal, Ridha Joober, Neil Andersson, Rebecca Fuhrer, Amal Abdel-Baki, Ann M. Beaton, Paula Reaume-Zimmer, Daphne Hutt-MacLeod, Mary Anne Levasseur, Ranjith Chandrasena, Cécile Rousseau, Jill Torrie, Meghan Etter…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:273

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. The treatment of homeless dual-diagnosis patients (i.e., those with severe mental illness and substance-use disorder) is difficult and often fails. For patients in the Netherlands who had not responded to earl...

    Authors: G. D. van Kranenburg, R. H. S. van den Brink, W. G. Mulder, W. J. Diekman, G. H. M. Pijnenborg and C. L. Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:270

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although the adverse effects of cancer diagnoses and treatments on mental health are known, about less than 10% of patients are estimated to be referred to seek help. The primary purpose of this study was to o...

    Authors: Dilek Anuk, Mine Özkan, Ahmet Kizir and Sedat Özkan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:269

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Family and friends (carer) involvement in the treatment of people with mental illness is widely recommended. However, the implementation remains poor, especially during hospital treatment, where carers report ...

    Authors: Justina Kaselionyte, Maev Conneely and Domenico Giacco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:268

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study examined the effects of the standard model of family psychoeducation (SM-FPE) in Japan on the mental health of relatives who care for young patients with a psychotic disorder.

    Authors: Nao Shiraishi, Norio Watanabe, Fujika Katsuki, Hajime Sakaguchi and Tatsuo Akechi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:263

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Few studies exploring the actual practices implemented for long-term mental health and psychosocial support after a natural disaster have been published. This study aimed to reveal (1) the types of activities ...

    Authors: Moe Seto, Harumi Nemoto, Natsuko Kobayashi, Saya Kikuchi, Nami Honda, Yoshiharu Kim, Ilan Kelman and Hiroaki Tomita

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:261

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The behavioral health service provider population is highly heterogeneous. However, it is rarely treated as such within evidence-based practice implementation efforts. This study aimed to evaluate, as a proof ...

    Authors: Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Viktor Lushin, Torrey A. Creed and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:257

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite the rising recognition of personal recovery, there is a lack of research on personal recovery in individuals with psychosis in Singapore. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the ...

    Authors: Madeline Lim, Ziqiang Li, Huiting Xie, Bhing Leet Tan and Jimmy Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:256

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This commentary examines publicly available information on 2017–2018 outcomes in the UK government’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme, a National Health Service (NHS) primary care m...

    Authors: Naomi Petra Moller, Gemma Ryan, Jasmine Rollings and Michael Barkham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:252

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:302

  20. Therapeutic staff-patient interaction is fundamental in psychiatric care. It is recognized as a key to healing in and of itself, or a premise to enhance psychiatric treatment adherence. Still, little is known ...

    Authors: Kjellaug K. Myklebust and Stål Bjørkly

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Major mental disorders in prison populations have been recognised as a long-term problem with an important impact on public health. Despite this, screening activities in prisons are still weak in Latin America...

    Authors: Andrés Benavides, Juan Chuchuca, David Klaic, William Waters, Miguel Martín and Natalia Romero-Sandoval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To date no study has compared more specifically the psychotropic medication treatment patterns for patients with schizophrenia living in community between rural and urban areas. This study examined the rural-u...

    Authors: Cai-Lan Hou, Shi-Bin Wang, Fei Wang, Ming-Zhi Xu, Miao-Yang Chen, Mei-Ying Cai, Yao-Nan Xiao and Fu-Jun Jia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

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  23. On the basis of earlier experiences in Germany and England, we developed an intensive multimodal group programme (FACT Plus) for psychotic-spectrum patients. By combining it with regular Flexible Assertive Com...

    Authors: Mark H. de Jong, André I. Wierdsma, Arthur R. Van Gool and Cornelis L. Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The stepped-care pathway (SCP) model has previously been found to be clinically effective for depressive disorder in some studies, but not all. Several groups have suggested that a stepped-care approach is the...

    Authors: Charles Yan, Katherine Rittenbach, Sepideh Souri and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mothers who live with mental illness face diverse challenges. Research suggests that partner support or otherwise is likely to have a crucial influence on mothers’ abilities to manage these challenges, yet lit...

    Authors: Emily Beard, Anne Honey, Nicola Hancock, Ruby Awram, Melissa Miceli and Rachel Mayes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

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  26. An adequate frequency of treatment might be a prerequisite for a favorable outcome. Unfortunately, there is a diversity of factors that interfere with an adequate frequency of sessions. This occurs especially ...

    Authors: Bea Tiemens, Margot Kloos, Jan Spijker, Theo Ingenhoven, Mirjam Kampman and Gert-Jan Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Somatic syndrome is one of the remarkably prevalent issues in primary health care and subspecialty settings. We aimed to elucidate multidimensional associations between somatic symptoms with major mental probl...

    Authors: Shayan Mostafaei, Kourosh Kabir, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Awat Feizi, Marjan Mansourian, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Saeed Masoud Arzaghi, Saeid Rasekhi Dehkordi, Peyman Adibi and Fataneh Ghadirian

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Expert psychiatrists conducting work disability evaluations often disagree on work capacity (WC) when assessing the same patient. More structured and standardised evaluations focusing on function could improve...

    Authors: Regina Kunz, David Y. von Allmen, Renato Marelli, Ulrike Hoffmann-Richter, Joerg Jeger, Ralph Mager, Etienne Colomb, Heinz J. Schaad, Monica Bachmann, Nicole Vogel, Jason W. Busse, Martin Eichhorn, Oskar Bänziger, Thomas Zumbrunn, Wout E. L. de Boer and Katrin Fischer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Utilization of somatic healthcare services is highly predictive of the development of chronic physical illnesses and increased mortality risks. The objective of this study was to assess the differences in heal...

    Authors: Vjekoslav Jeleč, Žarko Bajić, Ivona Šimunović Filipčić, Ivana Portolan Pajić, Mirela Šentija Knežević, Ivan Miloloža, Delfa Radić-Krišto, Tomislav Benjak, Nenad Jakšić, Marina Šagud, Wei Wang and Igor Filipčić

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with antidepressant (AD) prescriptions in order to draw a comprehensive picture of prescribing practices in Switzerland.

    Authors: Elisa Haller, Birgit Watzke, Eva Blozik, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Reich, Carola A. Huber and Markus Wolf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Severe mental illness (SMI) presents a major burden to societies worldwide. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often do not have sufficient financial resources and qualified staff to provide extensive sp...

    Authors: Stefan Priebe, Catherine Fung, Sana Z. Sajun, Racheal Alinaitwe, Domenico Giacco, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Alma Džubur Kulenoviĉ, Noeline Nakasujja, Sandra Milena Ramírez, Sabina Slatina, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Hana Sikira, Miguel Uribe and Victoria Jane Bird

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:181

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Service providers throughout Europe have identified the need to define how high-quality community-based mental health care looks to organize their own services and to inform governments, commissioners and fund...

    Authors: René Keet, Marjonneke de Vetten-Mc Mahon, Laura Shields-Zeeman, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel, Michiel Bahler, Cornelis L. Mulder, Catherine van Zelst, Billy Murphy, Koen Westen, Chris Nas, Ionela Petrea and Guido Pieters

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:174

    Content type: Debate

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  33. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been successfully established in hundreds of efficacy trials. It is less understood, however, how ACT works in real-world settings. Furthermore, little is known abou...

    Authors: Jeanette Villanueva, Andrea H. Meyer, Marcia T. B. Rinner, Victoria J. Firsching, Charles Benoy, Sandra Brogli, Marc Walter, Klaus Bader and Andrew T. Gloster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:173

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder affecting more than 21 million worldwide. In Indonesia, 14.3% of households have a patient with a mental disorder, and the majority of these are in rural areas. Famil...

    Authors: Nenden Hikmah Laila, Renti Mahkota, Siddharudha Shivalli, Krisnawati Bantas and Tri Krianto

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of the estimated 11–25 years reduced life expectancy for persons with serious mental illness (SMI). This excess cardiovascular mortality is primarily attributable to...

    Authors: Florine S. Walburg, Berno van Meijel, Maurits W. van Tulder and Marcel C. Adriaanse

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:151

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Acute psychiatric wards in Germany are often locked due to the assumption that opening could endanger patients and society. On the contrary, some findings suggest that aversive events such as absconding and at...

    Authors: Lisa K. Schreiber, Florian G. Metzger, Tobias A. Duncker, Andreas J. Fallgatter and Tilman Steinert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:149

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Internationally, from 12.2–23.4% of youth (aged 16–24 years) are not in employment, education or training (NEET). These disengaged youth are more likely to experience social exclusion, increased psychological ...

    Authors: Helen J. Stain, Amanda L. Baker, Christopher Jackson, Rhoshel Lenroot, Georgie Paulik, John Attia, Luke Wolfenden, Stoyan R. Stoyanov, Holly Devir and Leanne Hides

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Ensuring equitable and timely access to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is challenging within Canada’s service delivery model. The current study aims to determine acceptability and effectiveness of 4-session...

    Authors: Vishal K. Thakur, Jacquelyne Y. Wong, Jason R. Randall, James M. Bolton, Sagar V. Parikh, Natalie Mota, Debbie Whitney, Joshua Palay, Jolene Kinley, Simran Diocee, Tanya Sala and Jitender Sareen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:132

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Syrians represent the largest group among refugees in Germany. Many of them were exposed to sequential traumatizing events including war, escape and post-migration stressors, which significantly increase the r...

    Authors: Johannes Golchert, Susanne Roehr, Franziska Berg, Thomas Grochtdreis, Rahel Hoffmann, Franziska Jung, Michaela Nagl, Anna Plexnies, Anna Renner, Hans-Helmut König, Anette Kersting and Steffi G. Riedel-Heller

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:131

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. In psychiatric treatment containment measures are used to de-escalate high-risk situations. These measures can be characterized by their immanent amount of coercion. Previous research could show that the attit...

    Authors: Florian Hotzy, Matthias Jaeger, Etienne Buehler, Sonja Moetteli, Georges Klein, Simone Beeri and Thomas Reisch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:128

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hospital-treated deliberate self-harm (DSH) is common, costly and has high repetition rates. Since brief contact interventions (BCIs) may reduce the risk of DSH repetition, we aim to evaluate whether a SMS (Sh...

    Authors: Garry J. Stevens, Trent E. Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel de la Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo-Anne Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame Gould, Christopher J. Ryan, Ian M. Whyte…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:117

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Volunteers frequently participate in befriending schemes with people with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the motivations and experiences of volunteer befrienders engaging in these schemes in addit...

    Authors: Megan Cassidy, Rose Thompson, Rawda El-Nagib, Lauren M. Hickling and Stefan Priebe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Involving mental health service users in planning and reviewing their care can help personalised care focused on recovery, with the aim of developing goals specific to the individual and designed to maximise a...

    Authors: Michael Coffey, Ben Hannigan, Sally Barlow, Martin Cartwright, Rachel Cohen, Alison Faulkner, Aled Jones and Alan Simpson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:115

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Some patients develop severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) which is therapy-refractory. The needs of these patients sometimes remain unmet by therapeutic interventions and they are at high risk of recei...

    Authors: Manuel Trachsel, Martina A. Hodel, Scott A. Irwin, Paul Hoff, Nikola Biller-Andorno and Florian Riese

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:111

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The rise in multimorbid chronic conditions in South Africa, large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMDs) and shortage of mental health specialists demands a task sharing approach to chronic disease m...

    Authors: Inge Petersen, Arvin Bhana, Lara R. Fairall, One Selohilwe, Tasneem Kathree, Emily C. Baron, Sujit D. Rathod and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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