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Social psychiatry, therapy and provision of mental health care

Section edited by Linda Davies and Sharon Lawn

This is a broad section which covers general aspects of mental healthcare. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, internet in psychological research, behavior surveillance, epidemiology, psychiatric rehabilitation, health behavior, community mental health, work and mental health, occupational psychiatry and psychosocial risk factors. Epidemiology, assessment, and treatment/rehabilitation issues related to specific disorders covered by other sections are dealt with in the disorder specific sections.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Common mental disorders such as depression and anxiety frequently co-occur and may share etiological mechanisms. The metacognitive model is based on the principle that there are common pathological mechanisms ...

    Authors: Henrik Nordahl, Ingunn Harsvik Ødegaard, Odin Hjemdal and Adrian Wells

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:288

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death among people with serious mental illness (SMI). Sedentary behaviour (SB) is an independent risk factor for CVD and mortality and people with...

    Authors: Julie Williams, Brendon Stubbs, Sol Richardson, Cathy Flower, Lucy Barr-Hamilton, Barbara Grey, Kathryn Hubbard, Gilda Spaducci, Fiona Gaughran and Tom Craig

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:287

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mental health is an international public health concern. Many women experience mental ill-health during and after pregnancy, but assessment is not part of routine maternity care in many low- and middl...

    Authors: Mary Mccauley, Brown Abigail, Ofosu Bernice and Nynke Van Den Broek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:279

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Many Canadian adolescents and young adults with mental health problems face delayed detection, long waiting lists, poorly accessible services, care of inconsistent quality and abrupt or absent inter-service tr...

    Authors: Srividya N. Iyer, Jai Shah, Patricia Boksa, Shalini Lal, Ridha Joober, Neil Andersson, Rebecca Fuhrer, Amal Abdel-Baki, Ann M. Beaton, Paula Reaume-Zimmer, Daphne Hutt-MacLeod, Mary Anne Levasseur, Ranjith Chandrasena, Cécile Rousseau, Jill Torrie, Meghan Etter…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:273

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of homeless dual-diagnosis patients (i.e., those with severe mental illness and substance-use disorder) is difficult and often fails. For patients in the Netherlands who had not responded to earl...

    Authors: G. D. van Kranenburg, R. H. S. van den Brink, W. G. Mulder, W. J. Diekman, G. H. M. Pijnenborg and C. L. Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:270

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although the adverse effects of cancer diagnoses and treatments on mental health are known, about less than 10% of patients are estimated to be referred to seek help. The primary purpose of this study was to o...

    Authors: Dilek Anuk, Mine Özkan, Ahmet Kizir and Sedat Özkan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:269

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Family and friends (carer) involvement in the treatment of people with mental illness is widely recommended. However, the implementation remains poor, especially during hospital treatment, where carers report ...

    Authors: Justina Kaselionyte, Maev Conneely and Domenico Giacco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:268

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the effects of the standard model of family psychoeducation (SM-FPE) in Japan on the mental health of relatives who care for young patients with a psychotic disorder.

    Authors: Nao Shiraishi, Norio Watanabe, Fujika Katsuki, Hajime Sakaguchi and Tatsuo Akechi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:263

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Few studies exploring the actual practices implemented for long-term mental health and psychosocial support after a natural disaster have been published. This study aimed to reveal (1) the types of activities ...

    Authors: Moe Seto, Harumi Nemoto, Natsuko Kobayashi, Saya Kikuchi, Nami Honda, Yoshiharu Kim, Ilan Kelman and Hiroaki Tomita

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:261

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The behavioral health service provider population is highly heterogeneous. However, it is rarely treated as such within evidence-based practice implementation efforts. This study aimed to evaluate, as a proof ...

    Authors: Emily M. Becker-Haimes, Viktor Lushin, Torrey A. Creed and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:257

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite the rising recognition of personal recovery, there is a lack of research on personal recovery in individuals with psychosis in Singapore. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the ...

    Authors: Madeline Lim, Ziqiang Li, Huiting Xie, Bhing Leet Tan and Jimmy Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:256

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  12. Content type: Correspondence

    This commentary examines publicly available information on 2017–2018 outcomes in the UK government’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme, a National Health Service (NHS) primary care m...

    Authors: Naomi Petra Moller, Gemma Ryans, Jasmine Rollings and Michael Barkham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:252

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Therapeutic staff-patient interaction is fundamental in psychiatric care. It is recognized as a key to healing in and of itself, or a premise to enhance psychiatric treatment adherence. Still, little is known ...

    Authors: Kjellaug K. Myklebust and Stål Bjørkly

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:251

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Major mental disorders in prison populations have been recognised as a long-term problem with an important impact on public health. Despite this, screening activities in prisons are still weak in Latin America...

    Authors: Andrés Benavides, Juan Chuchuca, David Klaic, William Waters, Miguel Martín and Natalia Romero-Sandoval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:248

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To date no study has compared more specifically the psychotropic medication treatment patterns for patients with schizophrenia living in community between rural and urban areas. This study examined the rural-u...

    Authors: Cai-Lan Hou, Shi-Bin Wang, Fei Wang, Ming-Zhi Xu, Miao-Yang Chen, Mei-Ying Cai, Yao-Nan Xiao and Fu-Jun Jia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:242

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  16. Content type: Research article

    On the basis of earlier experiences in Germany and England, we developed an intensive multimodal group programme (FACT Plus) for psychotic-spectrum patients. By combining it with regular Flexible Assertive Com...

    Authors: Mark H. de Jong, André I. Wierdsma, Arthur R. Van Gool and Cornelis L. Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:241

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The stepped-care pathway (SCP) model has previously been found to be clinically effective for depressive disorder in some studies, but not all. Several groups have suggested that a stepped-care approach is the...

    Authors: Charles Yan, Katherine Rittenbach, Sepideh Souri and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:240

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Mothers who live with mental illness face diverse challenges. Research suggests that partner support or otherwise is likely to have a crucial influence on mothers’ abilities to manage these challenges, yet lit...

    Authors: Emily Beard, Anne Honey, Nicola Hancock, Ruby Awram, Melissa Miceli and Rachel Mayes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:229

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  19. Content type: Research article

    An adequate frequency of treatment might be a prerequisite for a favorable outcome. Unfortunately, there is a diversity of factors that interfere with an adequate frequency of sessions. This occurs especially ...

    Authors: Bea Tiemens, Margot Kloos, Jan Spijker, Theo Ingenhoven, Mirjam Kampman and Gert-Jan Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:228

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Somatic syndrome is one of the remarkably prevalent issues in primary health care and subspecialty settings. We aimed to elucidate multidimensional associations between somatic symptoms with major mental probl...

    Authors: Shayan Mostafaei, Kourosh Kabir, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Awat Feizi, Marjan Mansourian, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Saeed Masoud Arzaghi, Saeid Rasekhi Dehkordi, Peyman Adibi and Fataneh Ghadirian

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:207

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Expert psychiatrists conducting work disability evaluations often disagree on work capacity (WC) when assessing the same patient. More structured and standardised evaluations focusing on function could improve...

    Authors: Regina Kunz, David Y. von Allmen, Renato Marelli, Ulrike Hoffmann-Richter, Joerg Jeger, Ralph Mager, Etienne Colomb, Heinz J. Schaad, Monica Bachmann, Nicole Vogel, Jason W. Busse, Martin Eichhorn, Oskar Bänziger, Thomas Zumbrunn, Wout E. L. de Boer and Katrin Fischer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:205

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Utilization of somatic healthcare services is highly predictive of the development of chronic physical illnesses and increased mortality risks. The objective of this study was to assess the differences in heal...

    Authors: Vjekoslav Jeleč, Žarko Bajić, Ivona Šimunović Filipčić, Ivana Portolan Pajić, Mirela Šentija Knežević, Ivan Miloloža, Delfa Radić-Krišto, Tomislav Benjak, Nenad Jakšić, Marina Šagud, Wei Wang and Igor Filipčić

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:203

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with antidepressant (AD) prescriptions in order to draw a comprehensive picture of prescribing practices in Switzerland.

    Authors: Elisa Haller, Birgit Watzke, Eva Blozik, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Reich, Carola A. Huber and Markus Wolf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:196

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Severe mental illness (SMI) presents a major burden to societies worldwide. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often do not have sufficient financial resources and qualified staff to provide extensive sp...

    Authors: Stefan Priebe, Catherine Fung, Sana Z. Sajun, Racheal Alinaitwe, Domenico Giacco, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Alma Džubur Kulenoviĉ, Noeline Nakasujja, Sandra Milena Ramírez, Sabina Slatina, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Hana Sikira, Miguel Uribe and Victoria Jane Bird

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:181

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  25. Content type: Debate

    Service providers throughout Europe have identified the need to define how high-quality community-based mental health care looks to organize their own services and to inform governments, commissioners and fund...

    Authors: René Keet, Marjonneke de Vetten-Mc Mahon, Laura Shields-Zeeman, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel, Michiel Bahler, Cornelis L. Mulder, Catherine van Zelst, Billy Murphy, Koen Westen, Chris Nas, Ionela Petrea and Guido Pieters

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:174

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been successfully established in hundreds of efficacy trials. It is less understood, however, how ACT works in real-world settings. Furthermore, little is known abou...

    Authors: Jeanette Villanueva, Andrea H. Meyer, Marcia T. B. Rinner, Victoria J. Firsching, Charles Benoy, Sandra Brogli, Marc Walter, Klaus Bader and Andrew T. Gloster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:173

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder affecting more than 21 million worldwide. In Indonesia, 14.3% of households have a patient with a mental disorder, and the majority of these are in rural areas. Famil...

    Authors: Nenden Hikmah Laila, Renti Mahkota, Siddharudha Shivalli, Krisnawati Bantas and Tri Krianto

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:162

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of the estimated 11–25 years reduced life expectancy for persons with serious mental illness (SMI). This excess cardiovascular mortality is primarily attributable to...

    Authors: Florine S. Walburg, Berno van Meijel, Maurits W. van Tulder and Marcel C. Adriaanse

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:151

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute psychiatric wards in Germany are often locked due to the assumption that opening could endanger patients and society. On the contrary, some findings suggest that aversive events such as absconding and at...

    Authors: Lisa K. Schreiber, Florian G. Metzger, Tobias A. Duncker, Andreas J. Fallgatter and Tilman Steinert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:149

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Internationally, from 12.2–23.4% of youth (aged 16–24 years) are not in employment, education or training (NEET). These disengaged youth are more likely to experience social exclusion, increased psychological ...

    Authors: Helen J. Stain, Amanda L. Baker, Christopher Jackson, Rhoshel Lenroot, Georgie Paulik, John Attia, Luke Wolfenden, Stoyan R. Stoyanov, Holly Devir and Leanne Hides

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:136

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Ensuring equitable and timely access to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is challenging within Canada’s service delivery model. The current study aims to determine acceptability and effectiveness of 4-session...

    Authors: Vishal K. Thakur, Jacquelyne Y. Wong, Jason R. Randall, James M. Bolton, Sagar V. Parikh, Natalie Mota, Debbie Whitney, Joshua Palay, Jolene Kinley, Simran Diocee, Tanya Sala and Jitender Sareen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:132

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Syrians represent the largest group among refugees in Germany. Many of them were exposed to sequential traumatizing events including war, escape and post-migration stressors, which significantly increase the r...

    Authors: Johannes Golchert, Susanne Roehr, Franziska Berg, Thomas Grochtdreis, Rahel Hoffmann, Franziska Jung, Michaela Nagl, Anna Plexnies, Anna Renner, Hans-Helmut König, Anette Kersting and Steffi G. Riedel-Heller

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:131

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In psychiatric treatment containment measures are used to de-escalate high-risk situations. These measures can be characterized by their immanent amount of coercion. Previous research could show that the attit...

    Authors: Florian Hotzy, Matthias Jaeger, Etienne Buehler, Sonja Moetteli, Georges Klein, Simone Beeri and Thomas Reisch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:128

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Hospital-treated deliberate self-harm (DSH) is common, costly and has high repetition rates. Since brief contact interventions (BCIs) may reduce the risk of DSH repetition, we aim to evaluate whether a SMS (Sh...

    Authors: Garry J. Stevens, Trent E. Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel de la Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo-Anne Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame Gould, Christopher J. Ryan, Ian M. Whyte…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:117

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Volunteers frequently participate in befriending schemes with people with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the motivations and experiences of volunteer befrienders engaging in these schemes in addit...

    Authors: Megan Cassidy, Rose Thompson, Rawda El-Nagib, Lauren M. Hickling and Stefan Priebe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:116

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Involving mental health service users in planning and reviewing their care can help personalised care focused on recovery, with the aim of developing goals specific to the individual and designed to maximise a...

    Authors: Michael Coffey, Ben Hannigan, Sally Barlow, Martin Cartwright, Rachel Cohen, Alison Faulkner, Aled Jones and Alan Simpson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:115

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Some patients develop severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) which is therapy-refractory. The needs of these patients sometimes remain unmet by therapeutic interventions and they are at high risk of recei...

    Authors: Manuel Trachsel, Martina A. Hodel, Scott A. Irwin, Paul Hoff, Nikola Biller-Andorno and Florian Riese

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:111

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The rise in multimorbid chronic conditions in South Africa, large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMDs) and shortage of mental health specialists demands a task sharing approach to chronic disease m...

    Authors: Inge Petersen, Arvin Bhana, Lara R. Fairall, One Selohilwe, Tasneem Kathree, Emily C. Baron, Sujit D. Rathod and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:107

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Increasing attention to palliative care for the general population has led to the development of various evidence-based or consensus-based tools and interventions. However, specific tools and interventions are...

    Authors: Karin den Boer, Anke J. E. de Veer, Linda J. Schoonmade, Kim J. Verhaegh, Berno van Meijel and Anneke L. Francke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:106

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  40. Content type: Research article

    This study examined whether two types of provider communication considered important to quality of care (i.e., shows respect and explains understandably) are associated with mental health outcomes related to p...

    Authors: Eunice C. Wong, Rebecca L. Collins, Joshua Breslau, M. Audrey Burnam, Matthew S. Cefalu and Elizabeth Roth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:102

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  41. Content type: Research article

    There is well-established evidence that Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training improves knowledge about how to support someone developing a mental health problem, but less evidence that this support improves ...

    Authors: Amy J. Morgan, Julie-Anne A. Fischer, Laura M. Hart, Claire M. Kelly, Betty A. Kitchener, Nicola J. Reavley, Marie B. H. Yap, Stefan Cvetkovski and Anthony F. Jorm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:99

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Humor trainings have positive effects on mental health and well-being. However, studies investigating the effects of humor trainings in clinical samples are still rare. This study investigated the efficacy and...

    Authors: Nektaria Tagalidou, Eva Distlberger, Viola Loderer and Anton-Rupert Laireiter

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:93

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Research into termination of long-term psychosocial treatment of mental disorders is scarce. Yearly 25% of people in Dutch mental health services receive long-term treatment. They account for many people, cont...

    Authors: B. Koekkoek, B. van Meijel, A. Perquin and G. Hutschemaekers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:92

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Ambulance personnel, as well as other emergency services like fire-fighters or the police force, are regularly confronted with experiences of extreme psychological distress and potentially traumatizing events ...

    Authors: Klemens Ragger, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Günter Herzog, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer and Human Friedrich Unterrainer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:89

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Experiencing conflict and displacement can have a negative impact on an individual’s mental health. Currently, prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) at the primary care level in post-conflict areas with...

    Authors: Shannon Doherty, E. Hulland, B. Lopes-Cardozo, S. Kirupakaran, R. Surenthirakumaran, S. Cookson and C. Siriwardhana

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:83

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Polypharmacy increases the risk of pharmacological interactions, prevalence of secondary effects and with this the lack of adherence to treatment. It is estimated that between 10 and 40% of patients hospitaliz...

    Authors: J. Carmona-Huerta, S. Castiello-de Obeso, J. Ramírez-Palomino, R. Duran-Gutiérrez, D. Cardona-Muller, F. Grover-Paez, P. Fernández-Dorantes and R. Medina-Dávalos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:78

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