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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Cardio- and cerebrovascular events such as myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) are leading causes of death and disability and have also been associated with poor mental outco...

    Authors: Aurora Dollenberg, Sebastian Moeller, Caroline Lücke, Ruihao Wang, Alexandra P. Lam, Alexandra Philipsen, Jürgen M. Gschossmann, Falk Hoffmann and Helge H. O. Müller

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Sleep disturbances are common in individuals with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, little is known about how daily variation in sleep characteristics is related to PTSD. This study examined the ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, Gary H. Wynn, Rohul Amin and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In 2014, the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) took over one-third of Iraq. This study measured the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Iraqi Yazidi internally displaced persons (...

    Authors: Perjan Hashim Taha, Nezar Ismet Taib and Hushyar Musa Sulaiman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The psychosocial impact of previous infectious disease outbreaks in adults has been well documented, however, there is limited information on the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and chi...

    Authors: Basema Saddik, Amal Hussein, Ammar Albanna, Iffat Elbarazi, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Mohamad-Hani Temsah, Fatemeh Saheb Sharif-Askari, Emmanuel Stip, Qutayba Hamid and Rabih Halwani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:224

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Pregnancy is a challenging period for mothers and fathers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling on stress and anxiety levels of fathers.

    Authors: Maryam Mohammadpour, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Jamileh Malakouti, Mehriar Nadar Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sexual assault is implicated in several adverse psychological and physical health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Neurobiological research has shown variations related ...

    Authors: Ana Teresa D. D’Elia, Mario F. Juruena, Bruno M. Coimbra, Marcelo F. Mello and Andrea F. Mello

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Mental health screening in the workplace aims to identify employees who are becoming symptomatic, in order to provide timely support and evidence-based interventions to those affected. Given the stigma associa...

    Authors: Ruth E. Marshall, Josie Milligan-Saville, Katherine Petrie, Richard A. Bryant, Philip B. Mitchell and Samuel B. Harvey

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The present study aimed to investigate the associations of obesity phenotypes with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among adults in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS).

    Authors: Fahimeh Mehrabi, Parisa Amiri, Leila Cheraghi, Ali Kheradmand, Farhad Hosseinpanah and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Noninvasive brain stimulation techniques like transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) offer potential new approaches to treat stress-related mental health disorders. While the acceptability of tDCS as a...

    Authors: Fenne M. Smits, Guido J. de Kort and Elbert Geuze

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected many countries around the world and Iran was no exception. The aim of this study was to evaluate health anxiety of Iranian pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Najmieh Saadati, Poorandokht Afshari, Hatam Boostani, Maryam Beheshtinasab, Parvin Abedi and Elham Maraghi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians experienced unprecedented levels of burnout. The uncertainty of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic along with increased workload and difficult medical triage decisions may...

    Authors: Kirsten M. Fiest, Jeanna Parsons Leigh, Karla D. Krewulak, Kara M. Plotnikoff, Laryssa G. Kemp, Joshua Ng-Kamstra and Henry T. Stelfox

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Experiencing natural disasters is associated with common mental disorders including major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the latent structure of MDD is widely debated, and few studies tested the MDD facto...

    Authors: Yajie Bi, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Gen Li, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Haibo Yang and Brian J. Hall

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most reported diagnoses in psychiatry, but there is some discrepancy between the cases identified in community studies and those identified in tertiary care. Th...

    Authors: Antonio Preti, Roberto Demontis, Giulia Cossu, Goce Kalcev, Federico Cabras, Maria Francesca Moro, Ferdinando Romano, Matteo Balestrieri, Filippo Caraci, Liliana Dell’Osso, Guido Di Sciascio, Filippo Drago, Maria Carolina Hardoy, Rita Roncone, Carlo Faravelli, Cesar Ivan Aviles Gonzalez…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly in China and other overseas areas, which has aroused widespread concern. The sharp increase in the number of patients has led to great psychological press...

    Authors: Xue-Hui Fang, Li Wu, Lun-Shan Lu, Xiao-Hong Kan, Hua Wang, Yan-Jun Xiong, Dong-Chun Ma and Guo-Cui Wu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This prospective longitudinal study examined and compared two measures (prospective and retrospective ones) of post-traumatic growth (PTG) following Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and their res...

    Authors: Maya Corman, Marie-Thérèse Rubio, Aurélie Cabrespine, Isabelle Brindel, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Régis Peffault De La Tour and Michaël Dambrun

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Quarantine as a preventive action to reduce people’s exposure to a contagious disease has substantial psychological impact. We aimed to collect information on psychologically distressing experiences of Italian...

    Authors: Maurizio Bonati, Rita Campi, Michele Zanetti, Massimo Cartabia, Francesca Scarpellini, Antonio Clavenna and Giulia Segre

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Psychosis can be a sufficiently traumatic event to lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research has focussed on the trauma of first episode psychosis (FEP) and the only review to date of PT...

    Authors: Georgina Buswell, Zoë Haime, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans and Jo Billings

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In clinical environments, nursing students experience a range of stressors that can affect their health, learning, and quality of patient care. This study aimed to develop a Nursing Students’ Perceptions of Cl...

    Authors: Foozieh Rafati, Hamid Sharif Nia, Zohreh Khoshnood and Kelly-Ann Allen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In addition to physical problems, patients with COVID-19 suffer from considerable stress throughout the disease crisis. It is important to address mental health needs and not to ignore the psychological dimens...

    Authors: Yaser Moradi, Farzin Mollazadeh, Parivash Karimi, Keyvan Hosseingholipour and Rahim Baghaei

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:594

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes impairment in daily activities. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as ad...

    Authors: Sadegh Yoosefee, Man Amanat, Mona Salehi, Seyed Vahid Mousavi, Jamshid Behzadmanesh, Victoria Safary, Ali Yoonesi and Bahman Salehi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:570

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study examined associations between sense of coherence (SOC), mental well-being, and perceived preoperative hospital and surgery related stress of surgical pati...

    Authors: Henning Krampe, Ute Goerling, Claudia D. Spies, Sina K. Gerhards, Sören Enge, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F. Kerper and Tatjana Schnell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:567

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Loneliness is associated with negative outcomes, including increased mortality and is common among people with mental health problems. This qualitative study, which was carried out as part of a feasibility tri...

    Authors: Johanna Frerichs, Jo Billings, Nick Barber, Anjie Chhapia, Beverley Chipp, Prisha Shah, Anna Shorten, Theodora Stefanidou, Sonia Johnson, Brynmor Lloyd Evans and Vanessa Pinfold

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:565

    Content type: Research article

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  23. While considerable progress has been made in exploring the psychological, the neural, and the neurochemical dimensions of OCD separately, their interplay is still an open question, especially their changes dur...

    Authors: Kathrin Viol, Günter Schiepek, Martin Kronbichler, Arnulf Hartl, Carina Grafetstätter, Peter Strasser, Anna Kastinger, Helmut Schöller, Eva-Maria Reiter, Sarah Said-Yürekli, Lisa Kronbichler, Brigitte Kravanja-Spannberger, Barbara Stöger-Schmidinger, Marc-Thorsten Hütt, Wolfgang Aichhorn and Benjamin Aas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:559

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a public health emergency of international concern. To date, there are limited studies that have investigated the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health among f...

    Authors: Peiqin Liang, Yiding Wang, Si Shi, Yan Liu and Ribo Xiong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:557

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although the clinical efficacy and safety of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of chronic tinnitus have been frequently examined, the results remain contradictory. Therefore,...

    Authors: Zhengrong Liang, Haidi Yang, Gui Cheng, Lingfei Huang, Tao Zhang and Haiying Jia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:547

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Recent research has identified a number of pre-traumatic, peri-traumatic and post-traumatic psychological and ecological factors that put an individual at increased risk for developing PTSD following a life-th...

    Authors: Michelle A. Worthington, Amar Mandavia and Randall Richardson-Vejlgaard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:532

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Distress Thermometer (DT) is worldwide the most commonly used instrument for quick screening of emotional burden in patients with cancer. In order to validate the Greek version of the DT in the Greek popul...

    Authors: M. Kyranou, C. Varvara, M. Papathanasiou, Ι. Diakogiannis, K. Zafeiropoulos, M. Apostolidis, C. Papandreou and M. Syngelakis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Long-term sick-leave due to stress-related ill-health is increasing in several economically developed countries. Even though different forms of interventions are administered in regular care for stress-related...

    Authors: Jakob Clason van de Leur, Monica Buhrman, Fredrik Åhs, Alexander Rozental and Gunilla Brodda Jansen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The WHO reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders worldwide. Most people who experience such events recover from it; however, people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continu...

    Authors: Mohammad Marie, Sana SaadAdeen and Maher Battat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Novel corona virus, named COVID-19, has spread rapidly to other countries like Italy, Iran and South Korea and affected all people, especially health-care providers. Therefore, due to the rapid spread of the d...

    Authors: Azizeh Alizadeh, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mohammad Barati, Yazdan Ahmadi, Arash Hadian and Maryam Azizi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  31. COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented health and economic impact. Psychological stress, anxiety and depression are affecting not only COVID-19 patients but also health professionals, and general populati...

    Authors: Dhan Bahadur Shrestha, Bikash Bikram Thapa, Nagendra Katuwal, Bikal Shrestha, Chiranjibi Pant, Bina Basnet, Pankaj Mandal, Amol Gurung, Ankita Agrawal and Ramhari Rouniyar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  32. COVID-19 infection is a new disease that infects a large number of people, killing a ratio of whom every day in the world. Healthcare staff, especially nurses, experience a great deal of psychological distress...

    Authors: Nasrin Galehdar, Aziz Kamran, Tahereh Toulabi and Heshmatolah Heydari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  33. COVID-19 is a global pandemic and has become a major public health burden worldwide. With already fragile healthcare systems it can have long lasting effects in developing countries. Outbreaks especially a pan...

    Authors: Faridah Amin, Salman Sharif, Rabeeya Saeed, Noureen Durrani and Daniyal Jilani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Improving the psychotherapies for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is dependent on a deeper understanding of the relations between GAD and its associated cognitive factors. In the present study, we investiga...

    Authors: Lei Ren, Zhou Yang, Yidi Wang, Long-Biao Cui, Yinchuan Jin, Zhujing Ma, Qintao Zhang, Zhongying Wu, Hua-Ning Wang and Qun Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  35. With the increasing diversity of the German population, it is important to test the psychometric validity and reliability of the German version Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) specifically between German nativ...

    Authors: Christina Diane Bastianon, Eva M. Klein, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler, Manfred E. Beutel and Katja Petrowski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Neurological symptoms are increasingly being noted among COVID-19 patients. Currently, there is little data on the mental health of neurological healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to identify the pr...

    Authors: Xianjun Ning, Fang Yu, Qin Huang, Xi Li, Yunfang Luo, Qing Huang and Changqing Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which includes exposure and response prevention (ERP), is effective in improving symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, whether poor cognitive functions a...

    Authors: Sayo Hamatani, Aki Tsuchiyagaito, Masato Nihei, Yuta Hayashi, Tokiko Yoshida, Jumpei Takahashi, Sho Okawa, Honami Arai, Maki Nagaoka, Kazuki Matsumoto, Eiji Shimizu and Yoshiyuki Hirano

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is closely associated with emotional dysregulation. Patients with GAD tend to overreact to emotional stimuli and are impaired in emotional regulation. Using emotional regulat...

    Authors: Jian Li, Yuan Zhong, Zijuan Ma, Yun Wu, Manlong Pang, Chiyue Wang, Na Liu, Chun Wang and Ning Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Responses to stressful circumstances have psychological and physiological dimensions, and are related to anxiety symptoms and mental disorders such as depression. Nonetheless, the relationship between subclini...

    Authors: Georgia Konstantopoulou, Theodoros Iliou, Katerina Karaivazoglou, Gregoris Iconomou, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos and Panagiotis Alexopoulos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may stem from the formation of aberrant and enduring aversive memories. Some PTSD patients have recreationally used Cannabis, probably aiming at relieving their symptomatology...

    Authors: Ana Maria Raymundi, Thiago R. da Silva, Jeferson M. B. Sohn, Leandro J. Bertoglio and Cristina A. Stern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused serious psychological problems, including panic attack, anxiety, stress, and depression. The main objective of this study was to measure the prevalence a...

    Authors: Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Malihe Sadat Moayed, Farshid Rahimibashar, Sajad Shojaei, Sara Ashtari and Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Most patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) suffer residual symptoms following first-line treatment. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of PTSD. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a...

    Authors: Alice Maier, Anita Dharan, Gina Oliver, Michael Berk, Suzy Redston, Sudie E. Back, Peter Kalivas, Chee Ng and Richard A. Kanaan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:397

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare neurometabolic disorder resulting in a heterogeneous clinical phenotype. Adolescent and adult patients with SSADH deficiency may present with OC...

    Authors: Sachin Phakey, Thomas Rego, Frank Gaillard, Julie Panetta, Andrew Evans, Gerard De Jong and Mark Walterfang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:395

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among patients with cancer. While many psychological variables have been proven to influence anxiety and depressive symptoms, the variables are not mutu...

    Authors: Lulu Yuan, Bochen Pan, Weiren Wang, Lie Wang, Xujie Zhang and Yuqin Gao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Patients with somatoform, depressive or anxiety disorders often don’t respond well to medical treatment and experience many side effects. It is thus of clinical relevance to identify alternative, scientificall...

    Authors: Katharina Hüfner, Cornelia Ower, Georg Kemmler, Theresa Vill, Caroline Martini, Andrea Schmitt and Barbara Sperner-Unterweger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Anxiety disorders during pregnancy are not routinely assessed in Sri Lanka despite being common and being associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Screening can facilitate early detection and management of ...

    Authors: M. N. Priyadarshanie, M. D. I. A. Waas, C. S. E. Goonewardena, A. Balasuriya, B. C. V. Senaratna and D. M. S. Fernando

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been promising and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2018, but effects diff...

    Authors: Reza Rostami, Reza Kazemi, Arezoo Jabbari, Azam Sadat Madani, Hosseinreza Rostami, Mohammad Amin Taherpour, Parviz Molavi, Nematollah Jaafari, Min-Fang Kuo, Carmelo M. Vicario, Michael A. Nitsche and Mohammad Ali Salehinejad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Mental disorders among refugees as well as their risk factors are already well documented in cross-sectional reports. However, longitudinal follow-up designs are widely lacking. Therefore, the aim of this stud...

    Authors: Andrea Borho, Andre Viazminsky, Eva Morawa, Gregor Martin Schmitt, Ekaterini Georgiadou and Yesim Erim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:362

    Content type: Research article

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