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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study aims to investigate t...

    Authors: Kazuto Kuribayashi, Kotaro Imamura, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yuki Miyamoto, Ayumi Takano, Utako Sawada, Natsu Sasaki, Mariko Suga, Atsushi Sugino, Yui Hidaka, Mako Iida, Mie Sudo, Masahito Tokita and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:245

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has shown that our perceptions about illness are important determinants of how we respond and adjust to health threats. To examine whether illness perceptions affect illness responses in OCD ...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Katherine Berry, Penny Bee, Judith Gellatly and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:217

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Previous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have revealed intrinsic regional activity alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but those results were based on grou...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Xinyu Hu, Wanjie Tang, Bin Li, Yanchun Yang, Qiyong Gong and Xiaoqi Huang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:210

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent among university students, but the majority of affected students remain untreated. Internet- and mobile-based self-help interventions (IMIs) may be a promising...

    Authors: Fanny Kählke, Thomas Berger, Ava Schulz, Harald Baumeister, Matthias Berking, Pim Cuijpers, Ronny Bruffaerts, Randy P. Auerbach, Ronald C. Kessler and David Daniel Ebert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:197

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Limited research exists concerning the long-term effects of avalanches on survivors’ mental health beyond the first years after the accident. The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate possible diffe...

    Authors: Lars-Petter Bakker, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Jon Gerhard Reichelt, Christer Lunde Gjerstad, Arnfinn Tønnessen, Lars Weisæth, Pål Herlof Herlofsen and Ellen Karine Grov

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:175

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Anxiety disorders are common and associated with reduced quality of life, impaired physical and mental health and an increased economic burden for society. While evidence exists for the effectiveness of exerci...

    Authors: Jenny Nyberg, Malin Henriksson, N. David Åberg, Alexander Wall, Robert Eggertsen, Maria Westerlund, Louise Danielsson, H. Georg Kuhn, Margda Waern and Maria Åberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:172

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Traumatic exposure is a frequent issue in patients visiting emergency departments (EDs). Some patients will subsequently develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while other will not. The problem is under...

    Authors: Mohammad-Hashim Wafa, Marie Viprey, Laurent Magaud, Julie Haesebaert, Edouard Leaune, Emmanuel Poulet, Clemence Bied and Anne-Marie Schott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:163

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Past mental disorders predict future disorders, both in the presence and absence of trauma exposure. However, it is not clear whether those with past mental disorders are disproportionately vulnerable to the n...

    Authors: Peter J.H. Beliveau, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Ian Colman and Mark A. Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:156

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:204

  9. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) is a distinct syndrome that follows bereavement. It is different from other mental disorders and is characterized by symptoms such as yearning for the bereaved, or intense emotio...

    Authors: Regina Steil, Jana Gutermann, Octavia Harrison, Annabelle Starck, Laura Schwartzkopff, Meryam Schouler-Ocak and Ulrich Stangier

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:148

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is an adolescent onset spinal deformity, which can negatively affect the mental health of these patients. But no studies about their parental mental health have been repor...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Tao Li, Wangshu Yuan, Zheping Zhang, Jing Wei, Guixing Qiu and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:147

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization. Prior to computing scale scores from the item scores, the t...

    Authors: Jan van Bebber, Johanna T. W. Wigman, Rob R Meijer, Berend Terluin, Sjoerd Sytema and Lex Wunderink

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:103

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpo...

    Authors: Fanie Collardeau, Bryony Corbyn, John Abramowitz, Patricia A. Janssen, Sheila Woody and Nichole Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:94

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Internet-based treatments appear to be a promising way to enhance the in vivo exposure approach, specifically in terms of acceptability and access to treatment. However, the literature on specific phobias is s...

    Authors: Daniel Campos, Juana Bretón-López, Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Diana Castilla, Sonia Mor, Rosa Baños and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:86

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Several rating scales assessing stress-related symptoms of exhaustion have emerged in recent years. However, more knowledge is needed about the performance of these rating scales in patients with stress-relate...

    Authors: Jesper Kristiansen, Maria Kristine Friborg, Nanna Eller, Lars Peter Andreas Brandt, David John Glasscock, Jesper Pihl-Thingvad, Roger Persson, Aniella Besèr, Marie Åsberg and Sannie Vester Thorsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:84

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  15. Content type: Research article

    On November 13, 2015, terrorist attacks took place in Paris. One hundred and twenty-nine people were immediately killed and 302 needed emergency care. Many resident physicians were on the front line of the med...

    Authors: Jules Gregory, Jean de Lepinau, Ariane de Buyer, Nicolas Delanoy, Olivier Mir and Raphaël Gaillard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:79

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Mental distress is becoming a common health problem in Ethiopia. The prevalence of mental distress is higher among university students than the general population. However, there is inadequate information in t...

    Authors: Tadis Brhane Tesfahunegn and Etsay Hailu Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:71

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in ...

    Authors: Febe E. van der Flier, Caroline M. B. Kwee, Danielle C. Cath, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Lucianne Groenink, Puck Duits, Date C. van der Veen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Johanna M. P. Baas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:69

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the extent to which post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) vary from day to day in individuals with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined the variation of PTSS by day ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, David S. Krantz, Russell B. Carr, Gary H. Wynn, Deborah Probe Adams, Nicole M. Dacuyan and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:56

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Depression and anxiety is a major public health problem, in Sweden and internationally. Internet-based interventions are increasingly acknowledged as promising approaches for individuals with varying degrees o...

    Authors: Anders Nilsson, Karolina Sörman, Josefin Klingvall, Emma Ovelius, Jonas Lundberg and Clara Hellner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:51

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) including anxiety, depressive, adjustment, and somatoform disorders are prevalent worldwide. There is emerging evidence that experiencing a natural disaster might incre...

    Authors: Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:47

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Trans-masculine (TM) individuals, who are assigned female sex at birth and identify along the masculine gender spectrum, face mental health disparities relative to cisgender people. Limited research has sought...

    Authors: Michal J. McDowell, Jaclyn M. W. Hughto and Sari L. Reisner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:16

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:45

  22. Content type: Research article

    Research on the long-term mental health consequences of war and displacement among civilians who live in post-conflict countries is rare. The aim of this study was to examine the developmental trajectories and...

    Authors: Hannah Comtesse, Steve Powell, Andrea Soldo, Maria Hagl and Rita Rosner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:1

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of free will in the repetitive behaviors of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to explore their relation with core clinical characteristics.

    Authors: Lucas J. B. van Oudheusden, Stasja Draisma, Sandra van der Salm, Danielle Cath, Patricia van Oppen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Gerben Meynen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:400

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  24. Content type: Research article

    For the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases, a new stress related diagnosis has been proposed: complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). It is described as a chronic condition wi...

    Authors: Manuel P. Stadtmann, Andreas Maercker, Jochen Binder and Wilfried Schnepp

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:392

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Childhood abuse related posttraumatic stress disorder (CA-PTSD) is associated with a high burden of disease and with treatment response rates that leave room for improvement. One of the treatments for PTSD, pr...

    Authors: D. A. C. Oprel, C. M. Hoeboer, M. Schoorl, R. A. De Kleine, I. G. Wigard, M. Cloitre, A. Van Minnen and W. Van der Does

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:385

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The number of asylum seekers, refugees and internally displaced people worldwide has increased dramatically over the past 5 years. Many countries are continuing to resort to detaining asylum seekers and other ...

    Authors: M. von Werthern, K. Robjant, Z. Chui, R. Schon, L. Ottisova, C. Mason and C. Katona

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:382

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To investigate (a) the diagnostic agreement between diagnoses of somatoform disorders, depressive and anxiety disorders obtained from a structured clinical interview and diagnoses reported from primary care ph...

    Authors: Katharina Piontek, Meike C. Shedden-Mora, Maria Gladigau, Amina Kuby and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:361

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are m...

    Authors: Xiaoqi Feng and Thomas Astell-Burt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:348

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The etiology of depression and its effective therapeutic treatment have not been clearly identified. Using behavioral phenotyping and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (r-fMRI), we investigat...

    Authors: Junling Li, Ran Yang, Kai Xia, Tian Wang, Binbin Nie, Kuo Gao, Jianxin Chen, Huihui Zhao, Yubo Li and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:337

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Disaster workers suffer from psychological distress not only through the direct experience of traumatic situations but also through the indirect process of aiding disaster victims. This distress, called second...

    Authors: Masanori Nagamine, Jun Shigemura, Toshimichi Fujiwara, Fumiko Waki, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Hiroyuki Toda, Aihide Yoshino and Kunio Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:328

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Studies investigating salivary cortisol level as susceptibility marker for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) produced inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare salivary cortisol concentrat...

    Authors: Xiongfeng Pan, Zhipeng Wang, Xiaoli Wu, Shi Wu Wen and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:324

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Oslo University Hospital, Norway, had by autumn 2016, accumulated a waiting list of 101 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who had a legal right to receive treatment by a specialized OCD team. I...

    Authors: Gerd Kvale, Bjarne Hansen, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Tore Børtveit, Kristen Hagen, Svein Haseth, Unn Beate Kristensen, Gunvor Launes, Kerry J. Ressler, Stian Solem, Arne Strand, Odile A. van den Heuvel and Lars-Göran Öst

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:323

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In order to gain insight into the health impact of violence related injury, the psychological consequences should be taken into account. There has been uncertainty regarding the prevalence of posttraumatic str...

    Authors: Robbin H. Ophuis, Branko F. Olij, Suzanne Polinder and Juanita A. Haagsma

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:311

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a dearth of empirical evidence on the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in developing countries. The primary...

    Authors: Jaco Rossouw, Elna Yadin, Debra Alexander and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:288

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  35. Content type: Research article

    It has been shown in the past two decades that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in general population across the world. This study sought to assess the prevalence of major anxiety disorde...

    Authors: Ahmad Hajebi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Reza Radgoodarzi and Mitra Hefazi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:261

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recently the PCL was updated according to the DSM-5 cri...

    Authors: Hawkar Ibrahim, Verena Ertl, Claudia Catani, Azad Ali Ismail and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:259

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Intensive delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly popular for overcoming barriers to treatment for veterans. Understanding how and for whom these ...

    Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Philip Held, Dale L. Smith, Brian J. Klassen, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Patricia S. Normand, Michael B. Brennan, Thad S. Rydberg, Randy A. Boley, Mark H. Pollack and Niranjan S. Karnik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:242

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic accident (RTA), an unexpected traumatic event, may not only lead to death and serious physical injuries, but also could put survivors at an increased risk for a wide range of psychiatric disorders...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Aizhong Liu, Atipatsa C. Kaminga, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Jianzhou Yang and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:188

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Psychological distress such as somatization, fear of body sensations, cardiac anxiety and depressive symptoms is common among patients with non-cardiac chest pain, and this may lead to increased healthcare use...

    Authors: Ghassan Mourad, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg, Erland Svensson and Peter Johansson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:172

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) usually present with various neurological symptoms, but the mechanisms remain unclear. We aimed to analyze the characteristics of dynamic cerebral autoregulatio...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Shan Lv, Jia Liu, Zan Wang, Hang Jin, Quanli Qiu, Xin Sun and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:164

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Adjustment Disorder (AjD) is a common and disabling mental health problem. The lack of research on this disorder has led to the absence of evidence-based interventions for its treatment. Moreover, because the ...

    Authors: Iryna Rachyla, Marian Pérez-Ara, Mar Molés, Daniel Campos, Adriana Mira, Cristina Botella and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:161

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Children with intellectual disabilities are common and are increasing in number as more children survive globally. In stark contrast to the 1–3% prevalence of intellectual disability in children globally (repo...

    Authors: Charles Masulani-Mwale, Felix Kauye, Melissa Gladstone and Don Mathanga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:146

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