Skip to content


Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Content type: Research article

    The number of asylum seekers, refugees and internally displaced people worldwide has increased dramatically over the past 5 years. Many countries are continuing to resort to detaining asylum seekers and other ...

    Authors: M. von Werthern, K. Robjant, Z. Chui, R. Schon, L. Ottisova, C. Mason and C. Katona

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:382

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    To investigate (a) the diagnostic agreement between diagnoses of somatoform disorders, depressive and anxiety disorders obtained from a structured clinical interview and diagnoses reported from primary care ph...

    Authors: Katharina Piontek, Meike C. Shedden-Mora, Maria Gladigau, Amina Kuby and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:361

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are m...

    Authors: Xiaoqi Feng and Thomas Astell-Burt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:348

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    The etiology of depression and its effective therapeutic treatment have not been clearly identified. Using behavioral phenotyping and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (r-fMRI), we investigat...

    Authors: Junling Li, Ran Yang, Kai Xia, Tian Wang, Binbin Nie, Kuo Gao, Jianxin Chen, Huihui Zhao, Yubo Li and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:337

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Disaster workers suffer from psychological distress not only through the direct experience of traumatic situations but also through the indirect process of aiding disaster victims. This distress, called second...

    Authors: Masanori Nagamine, Jun Shigemura, Toshimichi Fujiwara, Fumiko Waki, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Hiroyuki Toda, Aihide Yoshino and Kunio Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:328

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Studies investigating salivary cortisol level as susceptibility marker for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) produced inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare salivary cortisol concentrat...

    Authors: Xiongfeng Pan, Zhipeng Wang, Xiaoli Wu, Shi Wu Wen and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:324

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Oslo University Hospital, Norway, had by autumn 2016, accumulated a waiting list of 101 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who had a legal right to receive treatment by a specialized OCD team. I...

    Authors: Gerd Kvale, Bjarne Hansen, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Tore Børtveit, Kristen Hagen, Svein Haseth, Unn Beate Kristensen, Gunvor Launes, Kerry J. Ressler, Stian Solem, Arne Strand, Odile A. van den Heuvel and Lars-Göran Öst

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:323

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    In order to gain insight into the health impact of violence related injury, the psychological consequences should be taken into account. There has been uncertainty regarding the prevalence of posttraumatic str...

    Authors: Robbin H. Ophuis, Branko F. Olij, Suzanne Polinder and Juanita A. Haagsma

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:311

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a dearth of empirical evidence on the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in developing countries. The primary...

    Authors: Jaco Rossouw, Elna Yadin, Debra Alexander and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:288

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    It has been shown in the past two decades that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in general population across the world. This study sought to assess the prevalence of major anxiety disorde...

    Authors: Ahmad Hajebi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Reza Radgoodarzi and Mitra Hefazi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:261

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recently the PCL was updated according to the DSM-5 cri...

    Authors: Hawkar Ibrahim, Verena Ertl, Claudia Catani, Azad Ali Ismail and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:259

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Intensive delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly popular for overcoming barriers to treatment for veterans. Understanding how and for whom these ...

    Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Philip Held, Dale L. Smith, Brian J. Klassen, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Patricia S. Normand, Michael B. Brennan, Thad S. Rydberg, Randy A. Boley, Mark H. Pollack and Niranjan S. Karnik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:242

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic accident (RTA), an unexpected traumatic event, may not only lead to death and serious physical injuries, but also could put survivors at an increased risk for a wide range of psychiatric disorders...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Aizhong Liu, Atipatsa C. Kaminga, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Jianzhou Yang and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:188

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Psychological distress such as somatization, fear of body sensations, cardiac anxiety and depressive symptoms is common among patients with non-cardiac chest pain, and this may lead to increased healthcare use...

    Authors: Ghassan Mourad, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg, Erland Svensson and Peter Johansson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:172

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) usually present with various neurological symptoms, but the mechanisms remain unclear. We aimed to analyze the characteristics of dynamic cerebral autoregulatio...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Shan Lv, Jia Liu, Zan Wang, Hang Jin, Quanli Qiu, Xin Sun and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:164

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Adjustment Disorder (AjD) is a common and disabling mental health problem. The lack of research on this disorder has led to the absence of evidence-based interventions for its treatment. Moreover, because the ...

    Authors: Iryna Rachyla, Marian Pérez-Ara, Mar Molés, Daniel Campos, Adriana Mira, Cristina Botella and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:161

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Children with intellectual disabilities are common and are increasing in number as more children survive globally. In stark contrast to the 1–3% prevalence of intellectual disability in children globally (repo...

    Authors: Charles Masulani-Mwale, Felix Kauye, Melissa Gladstone and Don Mathanga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:146

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    There is a dearth of validated tools measuring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We validated the Shona version of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL...

    Authors: Ruth Verhey, Dixon Chibanda, Lorna Gibson, Jonathan Brakarsh and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:109

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    It has been well documented that the exposure to war has a negative effect on the psychological health of civilian. However, little is known on the impact of war exposure on the physical health of the civilian...

    Authors: Naser Morina, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard Klaghofer, Julia Müller and Chantal Martin-Soelch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:92

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment conditions. Treatment manuals and protocols allow a relatively high degree of freedom...

    Authors: Christoph Flückiger, Christine Wolfer, Judith Held, Peter Hilpert, Julian Rubel, Mathias Allemand, Richard E. Zinbarg and Andreea Vîslă

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:86

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    There is good evidence that trauma-focused therapies for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder are effective. However, they are not always feasible to deliver due a shortage of trained therapists and demands on the p...

    Authors: Claire Nollett, Catrin Lewis, Neil Kitchiner, Neil Roberts, Katy Addison, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Sarah Cosgrove, Katherine Cullen, Anke Ehlers, Sarah Heke, Mark Kelson, Karina Lovell, Kim Madden, Kirsten McEwan, Rachel McNamara, Ceri Phillips…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:77

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Ongoing pain after surgery is a major problem and influences recovery and the quality of life of the patient. Associations between anxiety and their impact on postoperative pain after herniated disc surgery ha...

    Authors: Rita Laufenberg-Feldmann, Bernd Kappis, Rafael J. A. Cámara and Marion Ferner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:82

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Health care professionals who are frequently coping with traumatic events have an increased risk of developing a posttraumatic stress disorder. Research among physicians is scarce, and obstetrician-gynecologis...

    Authors: Melanie A. M. Baas, Karel W. F. Scheepstra, Claire A. I. Stramrood, Ruth Evers, Lea M. Dijksman and Maria G. van Pampus

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:73

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individua...

    Authors: Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink and Elisabeth M. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:10

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    To investigate how social support relates to mental health problems for Belgian late adolescents and young adults 15–25 years of age. Additionally, we examine changes in mental health problems between 2008 and...

    Authors: Filip Van Droogenbroeck, Bram Spruyt and Gil Keppens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:6

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be u...

    Authors: Wenpeng Cai, Yu Pan, Huangyangzi Chai, Yi Cui, Jin Yan, Wei Dong and Guanghui Deng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:1

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sl...

    Authors: Kyung-Won Song, Won-Seok Choi, Hee-Jung Jee, Chi-Sung Yuh, Yong-Ku Kim, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee and Chul-Hyun Cho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:398

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety and depression are usually under diagnosed among the patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which has a negative impact on patient quality of life through restriction of activities...

    Authors: Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Tirtha Man Shrestha, Srijana Gauchan, Prakash Pun and Yam Bahadur Thapa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:397

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about ...

    Authors: Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel and Pallab K. Maulik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:385

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL, now PCL-5) has recently been revised to reflect the new diagnostic criteria of the disorder.

    Authors: Antje Krüger-Gottschalk, Christine Knaevelsrud, Heinrich Rau, Anne Dyer, Ingo Schäfer, Julia Schellong and Thomas Ehring

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:379

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    A short screening for social anxiety disorder is useful in clinical and epidemiological contexts. However, the German version of the short form of the Social Phobia Inventory (mini-SPIN) has not been evaluated...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Sören Kliem, Matthias Michal, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Manfred E. Beutel, Elmar Brähler and Rüdiger Zwerenz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:377

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers’ mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our...

    Authors: Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:364

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients.

    Authors: Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang and Rainer Schaefert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:361

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition which can have major effects on the life of both the sufferer and their family members. Previous research has shown that the impact of illness on family membe...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Penny Bee, Katherine Berry and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:326

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Patients with stress-related exhaustion suffer from cognitive impairments, which often remain after psychological treatment or work place interventions. It is important to find effective treatments that can ad...

    Authors: Therese Eskilsson, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm, Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Anna Stigsdotter Neely and Carl-Johan Boraxbekk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:322

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Stress and anxiety are common in pregnancy and shown to have adverse effects on maternal and infant health outcomes. The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of music-based inte...

    Authors: Kyrsten Corbijn van Willenswaard, Fiona Lynn, Jenny McNeill, Karen McQueen, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Marci Lobel and Fiona Alderdice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:271

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been shown in previous studies to display abnormal cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, the characteristics of cardio-cerebrovascular modulation are unknown. We ...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Liangshu Feng, Xiuli Yan, Le Yang, Shuo Huang, Yingqi Xing and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:259

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Study protocol

    The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal...

    Authors: Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R. Babu and Gian Carlo Di Renzo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:255

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease, presenting with dysfunction of connective tissues leading to lesions in the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle system. Within these symptoms, the most typical is weakness ...

    Authors: Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Miklós Pólos, Alex Ali Sayour, Tamás Radovits, Elektra Bartha, Péter Nagy, Balázs Rákóczi, Ákos Koller, Viola Szokolai, Julianna Hedberg, Béla Merkely, Zsolt B. Nagy and Zoltán Szabolcs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:253

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    History of traumatic experience is common in dissociative disorder (DD), and similarity of symptoms and characteristics between DD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) encouraged to consider DD as trauma-r...

    Authors: Johanna Kienle, Brigitte Rockstroh, Martin Bohus, Johanna Fiess, Silke Huffziger and Astrid Steffen-Klatt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:248

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Therapeutic intervention programs for somatic symptom disorder (SSD) show only small-to-moderate effect sizes. These effects are partly explained by the motivational problems of SSD patients. Hence, fostering ...

    Authors: Johannes Mander, Georg Schaller, Hinrich Bents, Ulrike Dinger, Stephan Zipfel and Florian Junne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:240

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Research has demonstrated that exposure to life stressors can influence health through a number of pathways. However, knowledge about the patterns of life stressors and their contributions to health in differe...

    Authors: Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson and Charrlotte Seib

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:232

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Secondary distress including emotional distress, vicarious trauma (VT) and secondary traumatic stress (STS) due to exposure to primary trauma victims have been described in helping professionals and in violenc...

    Authors: Heidi Grundlingh, Louise Knight, Dipak Naker and Karen Devries

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:204

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there ...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:191

    Published on: