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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a lifetime prevalence of 2–3% and is a leading cause of global disability. Brain circuit abnormalities in individuals with OCD have been identified, but important knowle...

    Authors: Helen Blair Simpson, Odile A. van den Heuvel, Euripedes C. Miguel, Y. C. Janardhan Reddy, Dan J. Stein, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Christine Lochner, Petra J. W. Pouwels, Janardhanan C. Narayanawamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Dianne M. Hezel, Chris Vriend, Marcelo C. Batistuzzo, Marcelo Q. Hoexter, Niels T. de Joode…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:68

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Antenatal maternal anxiety is a risk for offspring psychological and cognitive difficulties. The preschool years represent an important time for brain development, and so may be a window for intervention. Howe...

    Authors: Hong Kuang Tan, Shaun K. Y. Goh, Stella Tsotsi, Michaela Bruntraeger, Helen Yu Chen, Birit Broekman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J. Meaney, Anqi Qiu and Anne Rifkin-Graboi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Traumatized earthquake survivors may develop poor memory function. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and machine learning techniques may one day aid the clinical assessment of indiv...

    Authors: Yuchen Li, Hongru Zhu, Zhengjia Ren, Su Lui, Minlan Yuan, Qiyong Gong, Cui Yuan, Meng Gao, Changjian Qiu and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by an intense fear of negative judgement by others. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is recommended for treatment, but a substantial part of individuals with SA...

    Authors: Lars Clemmensen, Stéphane Bouchard, Johan Rasmussen, Trine Theresa Holmberg, Jakob Hyldig Nielsen, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen and Mia Beck Lichtenstein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:32

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  5. Mental distress is a major public health problem which includes anxiety, depression and somatic symptoms such as sleeping problems, fatigue and headache. University students are consistently reported to have h...

    Authors: Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Eneck S. Kibopile, Lisbeth Mhando, Johnston George and James S. Ngocho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Increasing evidence suggests a link between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical health. Stress disorders may lead to impairment of the immune system and subsequent autoimmune disease. This study ...

    Authors: Deborah Boggs Bookwalter, Kimberly A. Roenfeldt, Cynthia A. LeardMann, So Yeon Kong, Mark S. Riddle and Rudolph P. Rull

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo have left indelible marks on the mental health and functioning of the Congolese civilians that sought refuge in Uganda. Even though it is clear that civilians who a...

    Authors: Herbert E. Ainamani, Thomas Elbert, David Kani Olema and Tobias Hecker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Caring for a child with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) pose a significant burden on parents especially when they struggle with their child’s T1D management. The experience of not coping or struggling to cope increases ...

    Authors: Mohammed Aldubayee, Salaad Mohamud, Khaled Ayman Almadani, Abdullah Abdulrahman Alabbad, Abdulaziz Ghazi Alotaibi, Abdulhakim Ali Alkhodair and Amir Babiker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Childhood adversities, especially emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and peer victimization are considered to be crucial risk factors for social anxiety disorder (SAD). We investigated whether particular form...

    Authors: Antonia Brühl, Hanna Kley, Anja Grocholewski, Frank Neuner and Nina Heinrichs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders, particularly major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study examined longitudinal trajectories of PTSD and MDD symptom...

    Authors: Richard F. Armenta, Kristen H. Walter, Toni Rose Geronimo-Hara, Ben Porter, Valerie A. Stander and Cynthia A. LeardMann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:396

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite a relatively young average age and no routine screening, prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men who worked at the World Trade Center (WTC) following the 9/11/2001 disaster. This study...

    Authors: Sean A. P. Clouston, Peifen Kuan, Roman Kotov, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Patricia Thompson-Carino, Evelyn J. Bromet and Benjamin J. Luft

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:389

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Depression and anxiety result in psychological distress, which can further affect mental status and quality of life in stroke patients. Exploring the associations between positive psychological variables and s...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Wang, Shengjie Shang, Huazhe Yang, Hua Ai, Yin Wang, Shijie Chang, Xianzheng Sha, Lie Wang and Xiran Jiang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The Paris and Nice terrorist attacks affected a thousand of trauma victims and first-line responders. Because there were concerns that this might represent the first of several attacks, there was a need to qui...

    Authors: A. Brunet, A. Ayrolles, L. Gambotti, R. Maatoug, C. Estellat, M. Descamps, N. Girault, K. Kalalou, G. Abgrall, F. Ducrocq, G. Vaiva, N. Jaafari, M. O. Krebs, E. Castaigne, I. Hanafy, M. Benoit…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:351

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Empathic concern (EC) is an important interpersonal resilience factor that represents positive adaptation, such as “relating to others” (a factor of posttraumatic growth [PTG]) after disaster. However, controv...

    Authors: Seishu Nakagawa, Motoaki Sugiura, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Yuka Kotozaki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Atsushi Sakuma and Ryuta Kawashima

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Despite increased interest in workplace mental health interventions, the evidence for beneficial effects is mixed. Furthermore, many existing studies lack methodological rigor. We report results from a group r...

    Authors: Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Anthony Nazarov and Kristen Blackler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:326

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Some studies have previously found that certain elevated early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are negative predictors for outcome for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treated with Cognitive-Behavi...

    Authors: Tor Sunde, Benjamin Hummelen, Joseph A. Himle, Liv Tveit Walseth, Patrick A. Vogel, Gunvor Launes, Vegard Øksendal Haaland and Åshild Tellefsen Haaland

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem among youth, contribute to reduced quality of daily life, and are associated with high rates of comorbidity. However, treatment rates for anxiety are...

    Authors: Shelley Reetz, Gregory Clarke, Robin Weersing, Nader Amir, John Dickerson, Frances L. Lynch, Michael C. Leo, Andreea M. Rawlings, Mi H. Lee and Sara Gille

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:306

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study aims to investigate t...

    Authors: Kazuto Kuribayashi, Kotaro Imamura, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yuki Miyamoto, Ayumi Takano, Utako Sawada, Natsu Sasaki, Mariko Suga, Atsushi Sugino, Yui Hidaka, Mako Iida, Mie Sudo, Masahito Tokita and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:245

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Previous research has shown that our perceptions about illness are important determinants of how we respond and adjust to health threats. To examine whether illness perceptions affect illness responses in OCD ...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Katherine Berry, Penny Bee, Judith Gellatly and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Previous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have revealed intrinsic regional activity alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but those results were based on grou...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Xinyu Hu, Wanjie Tang, Bin Li, Yanchun Yang, Qiyong Gong and Xiaoqi Huang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent among university students, but the majority of affected students remain untreated. Internet- and mobile-based self-help interventions (IMIs) may be a promising...

    Authors: Fanny Kählke, Thomas Berger, Ava Schulz, Harald Baumeister, Matthias Berking, Pim Cuijpers, Ronny Bruffaerts, Randy P. Auerbach, Ronald C. Kessler and David Daniel Ebert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:197

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Limited research exists concerning the long-term effects of avalanches on survivors’ mental health beyond the first years after the accident. The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate possible diffe...

    Authors: Lars-Petter Bakker, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Jon Gerhard Reichelt, Christer Lunde Gjerstad, Arnfinn Tønnessen, Lars Weisæth, Pål Herlof Herlofsen and Ellen Karine Grov

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Anxiety disorders are common and associated with reduced quality of life, impaired physical and mental health and an increased economic burden for society. While evidence exists for the effectiveness of exerci...

    Authors: Jenny Nyberg, Malin Henriksson, N. David Åberg, Alexander Wall, Robert Eggertsen, Maria Westerlund, Louise Danielsson, H. Georg Kuhn, Margda Waern and Maria Åberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:172

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Traumatic exposure is a frequent issue in patients visiting emergency departments (EDs). Some patients will subsequently develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while other will not. The problem is under...

    Authors: Mohammad-Hashim Wafa, Marie Viprey, Laurent Magaud, Julie Haesebaert, Edouard Leaune, Emmanuel Poulet, Clemence Bied and Anne-Marie Schott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:163

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Past mental disorders predict future disorders, both in the presence and absence of trauma exposure. However, it is not clear whether those with past mental disorders are disproportionately vulnerable to the n...

    Authors: Peter J.H. Beliveau, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Ian Colman and Mark A. Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:204

  26. Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) is a distinct syndrome that follows bereavement. It is different from other mental disorders and is characterized by symptoms such as yearning for the bereaved, or intense emotio...

    Authors: Regina Steil, Jana Gutermann, Octavia Harrison, Annabelle Starck, Laura Schwartzkopff, Meryam Schouler-Ocak and Ulrich Stangier

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is an adolescent onset spinal deformity, which can negatively affect the mental health of these patients. But no studies about their parental mental health have been repor...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Tao Li, Wangshu Yuan, Zheping Zhang, Jing Wei, Guixing Qiu and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:147

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization. Prior to computing scale scores from the item scores, the t...

    Authors: Jan van Bebber, Johanna T. W. Wigman, Rob R Meijer, Berend Terluin, Sjoerd Sytema and Lex Wunderink

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpo...

    Authors: Fanie Collardeau, Bryony Corbyn, John Abramowitz, Patricia A. Janssen, Sheila Woody and Nichole Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:94

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Internet-based treatments appear to be a promising way to enhance the in vivo exposure approach, specifically in terms of acceptability and access to treatment. However, the literature on specific phobias is s...

    Authors: Daniel Campos, Juana Bretón-López, Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Diana Castilla, Sonia Mor, Rosa Baños and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:86

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Several rating scales assessing stress-related symptoms of exhaustion have emerged in recent years. However, more knowledge is needed about the performance of these rating scales in patients with stress-relate...

    Authors: Jesper Kristiansen, Maria Kristine Friborg, Nanna Eller, Lars Peter Andreas Brandt, David John Glasscock, Jesper Pihl-Thingvad, Roger Persson, Aniella Besèr, Marie Åsberg and Sannie Vester Thorsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:84

    Content type: Research article

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  32. On November 13, 2015, terrorist attacks took place in Paris. One hundred and twenty-nine people were immediately killed and 302 needed emergency care. Many resident physicians were on the front line of the med...

    Authors: Jules Gregory, Jean de Lepinau, Ariane de Buyer, Nicolas Delanoy, Olivier Mir and Raphaël Gaillard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:79

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Mental distress is becoming a common health problem in Ethiopia. The prevalence of mental distress is higher among university students than the general population. However, there is inadequate information in t...

    Authors: Tadis Brhane Tesfahunegn and Etsay Hailu Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:71

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in ...

    Authors: Febe E. van der Flier, Caroline M. B. Kwee, Danielle C. Cath, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Lucianne Groenink, Puck Duits, Date C. van der Veen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Johanna M. P. Baas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:69

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Little is known about the extent to which post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) vary from day to day in individuals with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined the variation of PTSS by day ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, David S. Krantz, Russell B. Carr, Gary H. Wynn, Deborah Probe Adams, Nicole M. Dacuyan and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:56

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Depression and anxiety is a major public health problem, in Sweden and internationally. Internet-based interventions are increasingly acknowledged as promising approaches for individuals with varying degrees o...

    Authors: Anders Nilsson, Karolina Sörman, Josefin Klingvall, Emma Ovelius, Jonas Lundberg and Clara Hellner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:51

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) including anxiety, depressive, adjustment, and somatoform disorders are prevalent worldwide. There is emerging evidence that experiencing a natural disaster might incre...

    Authors: Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:47

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Trans-masculine (TM) individuals, who are assigned female sex at birth and identify along the masculine gender spectrum, face mental health disparities relative to cisgender people. Limited research has sought...

    Authors: Michal J. McDowell, Jaclyn M. W. Hughto and Sari L. Reisner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:16

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:45

  39. Research on the long-term mental health consequences of war and displacement among civilians who live in post-conflict countries is rare. The aim of this study was to examine the developmental trajectories and...

    Authors: Hannah Comtesse, Steve Powell, Andrea Soldo, Maria Hagl and Rita Rosner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:1

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of free will in the repetitive behaviors of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to explore their relation with core clinical characteristics.

    Authors: Lucas J. B. van Oudheusden, Stasja Draisma, Sandra van der Salm, Danielle Cath, Patricia van Oppen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Gerben Meynen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:400

    Content type: Research article

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  41. For the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases, a new stress related diagnosis has been proposed: complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). It is described as a chronic condition wi...

    Authors: Manuel P. Stadtmann, Andreas Maercker, Jochen Binder and Wilfried Schnepp

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:392

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Childhood abuse related posttraumatic stress disorder (CA-PTSD) is associated with a high burden of disease and with treatment response rates that leave room for improvement. One of the treatments for PTSD, pr...

    Authors: D. A. C. Oprel, C. M. Hoeboer, M. Schoorl, R. A. De Kleine, I. G. Wigard, M. Cloitre, A. Van Minnen and W. Van der Does

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:385

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. The number of asylum seekers, refugees and internally displaced people worldwide has increased dramatically over the past 5 years. Many countries are continuing to resort to detaining asylum seekers and other ...

    Authors: M. von Werthern, K. Robjant, Z. Chui, R. Schon, L. Ottisova, C. Mason and C. Katona

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:382

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To investigate (a) the diagnostic agreement between diagnoses of somatoform disorders, depressive and anxiety disorders obtained from a structured clinical interview and diagnoses reported from primary care ph...

    Authors: Katharina Piontek, Meike C. Shedden-Mora, Maria Gladigau, Amina Kuby and Bernd Löwe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:361

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are m...

    Authors: Xiaoqi Feng and Thomas Astell-Burt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:348

    Content type: Research article

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