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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this pilot study was to explore the use of a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology for individuals with self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress, as a potential ...

    Authors: Charles H. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Catherine L. Tegeler, Joshua R. Hirsch, Hossam A. Shaltout, Sean L. Simpson, Brian C. Fidali, Lee Gerdes and Sung W. Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:141

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to trauma and bereavement is common in conflict-affected regions. Previous research suggests considerable heterogeneity in responses to trauma and loss with varying symptom representations. The purpos...

    Authors: Carina Heeke, Nadine Stammel, Manuel Heinrich and Christine Knaevelsrud

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:118

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in m...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:92

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk for depression and anxiety. However, the estimated prevalence of these disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed ...

    Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Qiuxiang Zhang and Biyu Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:70

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) has been translated into more than 20 languages and used widely in different populations. Yet, to date, no study has tested psychometric properties of the instrument...

    Authors: Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson and Charrlotte Seib

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:53

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although there is solid evidence for the efficacy of in vivo and virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for a specific phobia, there is a significant debate over whether techniques promoting distraction or rela...

    Authors: Youssef Shiban, Julia Diemer, Jana Müller, Johanna Brütting-Schick, Paul Pauli and Andreas Mühlberger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:29

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, in which granulomas develop in various organs, including the skin, lungs, eyes, or heart. It has been reported that patients with sarcoidosis are more lik...

    Authors: Keita Tokumitsu, Jun Demachi, Yukichi Yamanoi, Shigeto Oyama, Junko Takeuchi, Koji Yachimori and Norio Yasui-Furukori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:14

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In a cohort of migrants in Denmark, we compared somatic disease incidence among migrants diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression with migrants without a diagnosed psychiatric disorder.

    Authors: Mette Lolk, Stine Byberg, Jessica Carlsson and Marie Norredam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:447

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Many of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment guidelines recognize the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first-line pharmacological treatment. In Japan, there were no published stu...

    Authors: Toshiko Kamo, Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe, Hiroshi Kato, Jun Shigemura, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi and Yuko Hoshino

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:434

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Relocation following a disaster can impact the psychological well-being of evacuees. This study investigated the associations between residence-related factors and psychological distress among evacuees living ...

    Authors: Naoko Horikoshi, Hajime Iwasa, Norito Kawakami, Yuriko Suzuki and Seiji Yasumura

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:420

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Floods are some of the most common and destructive natural disasters in the world, potentially leading to both physical injuries and psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PT...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Jieru Wang, Atipatsa C. Kaminga, Long Chen, Hongzhuan Tan, Zhiwei Lai, Jing Deng and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:382

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of trauma-related psychiatric disorders is high among refugees. Despite this, little is known about the effect of pharmacological treatment for this patient group. The objective of the present s...

    Authors: Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Ask Elklit and Erik Lykke Mortensen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:383

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The PHQ-9 and the GAD-7 assess depression and anxiety respectively. There are standardised, reliability-tested versions in BSL (British Sign Language) that are used with Deaf users of the IAPT service. The aim...

    Authors: Rachel A. Belk, Mark Pilling, Katherine D. Rogers, Karina Lovell and Alys Young

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:372

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Our purpose was to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) in Taiwan, and to explore its relation to somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) and to som...

    Authors: Shih-Cheng Liao, Wei-Lieh Huang, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen and Susan Shur-Fen Gau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:351

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  15. Content type: Research article

    US studies have shown an increase of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, but not alcohol misuse related to time of assessment since returning from deployment. We assessed if similar trends occ...

    Authors: Roberto J. Rona, Howard Burdett, Samantha Bull, Margaret Jones, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely and Nicola T. Fear

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:333

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Refugees are known to have high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although recent years have seen an increase in the number of refugees from Arabic speaking countries in the Middle East, no study...

    Authors: Erik Vindbjerg, Jessica Carlsson, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Ask Elklit and Guido Makransky

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:309

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Flying phobia (FP) is a common and disabling mental disorder. Although in vivo exposure is the treatment of choice, it is linked to a number of limitations in its implementation. Particularly important, is the li...

    Authors: Daniel Campos, Juana Bretón-López, Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Diana Castilla, Rosa Baños, Miquel Tortella-Feliu and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:296

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In the treatment of PTSD, meta-analyses suggest comparable efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapies and various trauma focused treatments, but results for other treatments are inconsistent. One meta-analysi...

    Authors: Ulrich S. Tran and Bettina Gregor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:266

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Adjustment disorder is one of the most common mental health diagnoses. Still it receives relatively little attention from researchers trying to establish best interventions to treat it. With high prevalence of...

    Authors: Paulius Skruibis, Jonas Eimontas, Migle Dovydaitiene, Egle Mazulyte, Paulina Zelviene and Evaldas Kazlauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:264

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a substantial contributor to the global burden of disease and lead to subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the relevant literature originates in only a...

    Authors: Dan J. Stein, Elie G. Karam, Victoria Shahly, Eric D. Hill, Andrew King, Maria Petukhova, Lukoye Atwoli, Evelyn J. Bromet, Silvia Florescu, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Aimee Karam, María Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Arieh Shalev…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:257

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with increased anxiety and a high incidence of comorbid anxiety and depression. However, the association between percutaneous coronary interven...

    Authors: Guoqiang Gu, Yaqing Zhou, Ying Zhang and Wei Cui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:259

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This pilot study focused on the feasibility and potential effectiveness of a protocol based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) that was integrated into a standard inpatient program to treat patients with como...

    Authors: Carolin Steuwe, Nina Rullkötter, Verena Ertl, Michaela Berg, Frank Neuner, Thomas Beblo and Martin Driessen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:254

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This longitudinal study aims to investigate differences in long-term disability between social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD), generalize...

    Authors: Sanne M. Hendriks, Jan Spijker, Carmilla M. M. Licht, Florian Hardeveld, Ron de Graaf, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx and Aartjan T. F. Beekman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:248

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of benign peripheral persistent vertigo (BPPV) among patients with anxiety disorders by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).

    Authors: Zi-Jun Chen, Cheng-Ho Chang, Li-Yu Hu, Ming-Shium Tu, Ti Lu, Pan-Ming Chen and Cheng-Che Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:238

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  25. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the association between the type, and cumulative number of lifetime potentially traumatic events (PTEs), and chronic physical conditions, in a South African sample. PTE exposures have been ...

    Authors: Lukoye Atwoli, Jonathan M. Platt, Archana Basu, David R. Williams, Dan J. Stein and Karestan C. Koenen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:214

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder suggest that changes in obsessive beliefs are a key mechanism of treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Thus, in the present process-outcome study, we t...

    Authors: Alice Diedrich, Philipp Sckopke, Caroline Schwartz, Sandra Schlegl, Bernhard Osen, Christian Stierle and Ulrich Voderholzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:220

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The neurological correlates of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) are not well known, however there is evidence of cortical dysregulation in patients with GAD. The aim of the study was to examine cortical func...

    Authors: Yiming Wang, Fangxian Chai, Hongming Zhang, Xingde Liu, Pingxia Xie, Lei Zheng, Lixia Yang, Lingjiang Li and Deyu Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:217

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) on 9/11/2001 resulted in continuing stress experience manifested as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms in a minority of the police re...

    Authors: Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li and Rosemarie M. Bowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:201

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Amygdala is considered as the core pathogenesis of generalized social anxiety disorder (GSAD). However, it is still unclear whether effective group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) could modulate the functio...

    Authors: Minlan Yuan, Hongru Zhu, Changjian Qiu, Yajing Meng, Yan Zhang, Jing Shang, Xiaojing Nie, Zhengjia Ren, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang and Su Lui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:198

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological disorder caused by unusual threats or catastrophic events. Little is known about the combined incidence of PTSD after earthquakes. This study aim...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Long Chen, Zhiwei Lai, Yan Li, Jieru Wang and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:188

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    A substantial proportion of parents whose child is diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, experience high levels of distress that can lead to long-term difficulties in mental health, family functioning and...

    Authors: Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara, Anica Dimovski, Maria C. McCarthy, Jackie Yamada, Vicki A. Anderson, Kylie Burke, Robyn Walser and Jan M. Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:169

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The Perceived Stress Scale Cohen (J Health Soc Behav 24:385-96, 1983) is a widely and well-established self-report scale measuring perceived stress. However, the German version of the PSS-10 has not yet been v...

    Authors: Eva M. Klein, Elmar Brähler, Michael Dreier, Leonard Reinecke, Kai W. Müller, Gabriele Schmutzer, Klaus Wölfling and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:159

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Specific phobia is the most prevalent anxiety disorder in the community and is associated with substantial impairment. Comorbidity with physical diseases is assumed and has important implications for etiology,...

    Authors: Cornelia Witthauer, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Andrea Hans Meyer, Peter Vollenweider, Gerard Waeber, Martin Preisig and Roselind Lieb

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:155

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cumulative exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) increases risk for mental distress in conflict-affected settings, but the psychophysiological mechanisms that mediate this dose-response relationship ...

    Authors: Belinda J. Liddell, Andrew H. Kemp, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Richard A. Bryant, Natalino Tam, Alvin Kuowei Tay and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:133

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Several psychological sequelae have been identified in civilian war survivors. However, little is known about the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and their relationship to trauma in this population.

    Authors: Naser Morina, Vita Sulaj, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard Klaghofer, Julia Müller, Chantal Martin-Sölch and Michael Rufer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:115

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Mental illnesses are more common among the prison population than the general public. However, little attention is given to mental health service in low and middle income countries in general. The problem is m...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Teresa Kisi, Nigussie Yigzaw and Telake Azale

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:83

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    The unified protocol for the transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders is a promising treatment approach that could be applicable to a broad range of mental disorders, including depressive, anxiety, tra...

    Authors: Masaya Ito, Yasuyuki Okumura, Masaru Horikoshi, Noriko Kato, Yuki Oe, Mitsuhiro Miyamae, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Ayako Kanie, Atsuo Nakagawa and Yutaka Ono

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:71

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety is characterized by a bias towards threatening information, anxious apprehension, and disrupted concentration. Previous research in healthy subjects suggests that working memory (WM) is disrupted by in...

    Authors: Katherine E. Vytal, Nicole E. Arkin, Cassie Overstreet, Lynne Lieberman and Christian Grillon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:62

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    In this paper, we present the protocol for a cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a workplace mental health intervention in the state-wide police department of the south...

    Authors: Anthony D. LaMontagne, Allison J. Milner, Amanda F. Allisey, Kathryn M. Page, Nicola J. Reavley, Angela Martin, Irina Tchernitskaia, Andrew J. Noblet, Lauren J. Purnell, Katrina Witt, Tessa G. Keegel and Peter M. Smith

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:49

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Research on trauma and its impact on mental health typically relies on self-reports which can be influenced by recall bias and an individual’s subjective interpretation of events. This study aims to compare re...

    Authors: Souci Frissa, Stephani L Hatch, Nicola T Fear, Sarah Dorrington, Laura Goodwin and Matthew Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:20

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a commonly occurring mental illness. There are multiple treatments for PTSD that have similar effectiveness, but these treatments differ substantially in other ways. It ...

    Authors: Bradley V. Watts, Maha H. Zayed, Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas and Paula P. Schnurr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:21

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric conditions, and are associated with poor quality of life and substantial economic burden. Cognitive behavioural therapy is an effective treatment to r...

    Authors: Geke Romijn, Heleen Riper, Robin Kok, Tara Donker, Maartje Goorden, Leona Hakkaart van Roijen, Lisa Kooistra, Anton van Balkom and Jeroen Koning

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:311

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Findings about sex differences in the field of fear conditioning and fear extinction have been mixed. At the psychophysiological level, sex differences emerge only when taking estradiol levels of women into co...

    Authors: Moon Jung Hwang, Rachel G. Zsido, Huijin Song, Edward F. Pace-Schott, Karen Klahr Miller, Kelimer Lebron-Milad, Marie-France Marin and Mohammed R. Milad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:295

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  44. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of research regarding the long-lasting effects of a more physically active lifestyle in patients with mental disorders. In the present study, clinical data were analysed to examine if initially...

    Authors: Agneta Lindegård, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Mats Börjesson, Magnus Lindwall and Markus Gerber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:272

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The validity of applying the construct of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across cultures has been the subject of contention. Although PTSD symptoms have been identified across multiple cultures, questio...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Susan Rees, Jack Chen, Moses Kareth and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:111

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Mothers of young children are at high-risk for developing adverse mental health effects following a nuclear accident. Using the Japanese pregnancy registration system, the prefecture of Fukushima launched a po...

    Authors: Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet and Kenya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:59

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Predicting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a pre-requisite for targeted prevention. Current research has identified group-level risk-indicators, many of which (e.g., head trauma, receiving opiates) con...

    Authors: Karen-Inge Karstoft, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Alexander Statnikov, Zhiguo Li and Arieh Y Shalev

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:30

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into th...

    Authors: James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:48

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  49. Content type: Research article

    A small literature suggests that pharmacotherapy may be useful in the prophylaxis of posttraumatic stress disorder in patients presenting with major trauma. There is relatively little data, however, on the use...

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat, Janine Pingo, Taryn Sutherland, Joseph Zohar and Dan J Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:24

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