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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL, now PCL-5) has recently been revised to reflect the new diagnostic criteria of the disorder.

    Authors: Antje Krüger-Gottschalk, Christine Knaevelsrud, Heinrich Rau, Anne Dyer, Ingo Schäfer, Julia Schellong and Thomas Ehring

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:379

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A short screening for social anxiety disorder is useful in clinical and epidemiological contexts. However, the German version of the short form of the Social Phobia Inventory (mini-SPIN) has not been evaluated...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Sören Kliem, Matthias Michal, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Manfred E. Beutel, Elmar Brähler and Rüdiger Zwerenz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:377

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers’ mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our...

    Authors: Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:364

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients.

    Authors: Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang and Rainer Schaefert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:361

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition which can have major effects on the life of both the sufferer and their family members. Previous research has shown that the impact of illness on family membe...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Penny Bee, Katherine Berry and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:326

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Patients with stress-related exhaustion suffer from cognitive impairments, which often remain after psychological treatment or work place interventions. It is important to find effective treatments that can ad...

    Authors: Therese Eskilsson, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm, Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Anna Stigsdotter Neely and Carl-Johan Boraxbekk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:322

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Stress and anxiety are common in pregnancy and shown to have adverse effects on maternal and infant health outcomes. The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of music-based inte...

    Authors: Kyrsten Corbijn van Willenswaard, Fiona Lynn, Jenny McNeill, Karen McQueen, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Marci Lobel and Fiona Alderdice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:271

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been shown in previous studies to display abnormal cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, the characteristics of cardio-cerebrovascular modulation are unknown. We ...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Liangshu Feng, Xiuli Yan, Le Yang, Shuo Huang, Yingqi Xing and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:259

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal...

    Authors: Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R. Babu and Gian Carlo Di Renzo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:255

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease, presenting with dysfunction of connective tissues leading to lesions in the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle system. Within these symptoms, the most typical is weakness ...

    Authors: Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Miklós Pólos, Alex Ali Sayour, Tamás Radovits, Elektra Bartha, Péter Nagy, Balázs Rákóczi, Ákos Koller, Viola Szokolai, Julianna Hedberg, Béla Merkely, Zsolt B. Nagy and Zoltán Szabolcs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:253

    Content type: Research article

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  11. History of traumatic experience is common in dissociative disorder (DD), and similarity of symptoms and characteristics between DD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) encouraged to consider DD as trauma-r...

    Authors: Johanna Kienle, Brigitte Rockstroh, Martin Bohus, Johanna Fiess, Silke Huffziger and Astrid Steffen-Klatt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:248

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Therapeutic intervention programs for somatic symptom disorder (SSD) show only small-to-moderate effect sizes. These effects are partly explained by the motivational problems of SSD patients. Hence, fostering ...

    Authors: Johannes Mander, Georg Schaller, Hinrich Bents, Ulrike Dinger, Stephan Zipfel and Florian Junne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:240

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Research has demonstrated that exposure to life stressors can influence health through a number of pathways. However, knowledge about the patterns of life stressors and their contributions to health in differe...

    Authors: Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson and Charrlotte Seib

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:232

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Secondary distress including emotional distress, vicarious trauma (VT) and secondary traumatic stress (STS) due to exposure to primary trauma victims have been described in helping professionals and in violenc...

    Authors: Heidi Grundlingh, Louise Knight, Dipak Naker and Karen Devries

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:204

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there ...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this popul...

    Authors: Wietse A. Tol, M. Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G. Bonz, Judith K. Bass and Jessie K. K. Mbwambo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:186

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. The PTSD Checklist-civilian (PCL-C) is one of the most commonly used self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, however, little is known about its validity when used in pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate the r...

    Authors: Bizu Gelaye, Yinnan Zheng, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Marta B. Rondon, Sixto E. Sánchez and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:179

    Content type: Research article

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  18. While work-related fatigue has become an issue of concern among European employees, the relationship between fatigue, depression and work-related stressors is far from clear. The purposes of this study were (1...

    Authors: D. M. Rose, A. Seidler, M. Nübling, U. Latza, E. Brähler, E. M. Klein, J. Wiltink, M. Michal, S. Nickels, P. S. Wild, J. König, M. Claus, S. Letzel and M. E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:167

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Anxiety has been suggested to increase among young individuals, but previous studies on longitudinal trends are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze longitudinally, the changes over time of preva...

    Authors: Susanna Calling, Patrik Midlöv, Sven-Erik Johansson, Kristina Sundquist and Jan Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:119

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The objective of this pilot study was to explore the use of a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology for individuals with self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress, as a potential ...

    Authors: Charles H. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Catherine L. Tegeler, Joshua R. Hirsch, Hossam A. Shaltout, Sean L. Simpson, Brian C. Fidali, Lee Gerdes and Sung W. Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:141

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Exposure to trauma and bereavement is common in conflict-affected regions. Previous research suggests considerable heterogeneity in responses to trauma and loss with varying symptom representations. The purpos...

    Authors: Carina Heeke, Nadine Stammel, Manuel Heinrich and Christine Knaevelsrud

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in m...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk for depression and anxiety. However, the estimated prevalence of these disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed ...

    Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Qiuxiang Zhang and Biyu Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:70

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) has been translated into more than 20 languages and used widely in different populations. Yet, to date, no study has tested psychometric properties of the instrument...

    Authors: Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson and Charrlotte Seib

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:53

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although there is solid evidence for the efficacy of in vivo and virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for a specific phobia, there is a significant debate over whether techniques promoting distraction or rela...

    Authors: Youssef Shiban, Julia Diemer, Jana Müller, Johanna Brütting-Schick, Paul Pauli and Andreas Mühlberger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:29

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, in which granulomas develop in various organs, including the skin, lungs, eyes, or heart. It has been reported that patients with sarcoidosis are more lik...

    Authors: Keita Tokumitsu, Jun Demachi, Yukichi Yamanoi, Shigeto Oyama, Junko Takeuchi, Koji Yachimori and Norio Yasui-Furukori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:14

    Content type: Case report

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  27. In a cohort of migrants in Denmark, we compared somatic disease incidence among migrants diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression with migrants without a diagnosed psychiatric disorder.

    Authors: Mette Lolk, Stine Byberg, Jessica Carlsson and Marie Norredam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:447

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Many of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment guidelines recognize the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first-line pharmacological treatment. In Japan, there were no published stu...

    Authors: Toshiko Kamo, Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe, Hiroshi Kato, Jun Shigemura, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi and Yuko Hoshino

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:434

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Relocation following a disaster can impact the psychological well-being of evacuees. This study investigated the associations between residence-related factors and psychological distress among evacuees living ...

    Authors: Naoko Horikoshi, Hajime Iwasa, Norito Kawakami, Yuriko Suzuki and Seiji Yasumura

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:420

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The prevalence of trauma-related psychiatric disorders is high among refugees. Despite this, little is known about the effect of pharmacological treatment for this patient group. The objective of the present s...

    Authors: Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Ask Elklit and Erik Lykke Mortensen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:383

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Floods are some of the most common and destructive natural disasters in the world, potentially leading to both physical injuries and psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PT...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Jieru Wang, Atipatsa C. Kaminga, Long Chen, Hongzhuan Tan, Zhiwei Lai, Jing Deng and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:382

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The PHQ-9 and the GAD-7 assess depression and anxiety respectively. There are standardised, reliability-tested versions in BSL (British Sign Language) that are used with Deaf users of the IAPT service. The aim...

    Authors: Rachel A. Belk, Mark Pilling, Katherine D. Rogers, Karina Lovell and Alys Young

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:372

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Our purpose was to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) in Taiwan, and to explore its relation to somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) and to som...

    Authors: Shih-Cheng Liao, Wei-Lieh Huang, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen and Susan Shur-Fen Gau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:351

    Content type: Research article

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  34. US studies have shown an increase of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, but not alcohol misuse related to time of assessment since returning from deployment. We assessed if similar trends occ...

    Authors: Roberto J. Rona, Howard Burdett, Samantha Bull, Margaret Jones, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely and Nicola T. Fear

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:333

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Refugees are known to have high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although recent years have seen an increase in the number of refugees from Arabic speaking countries in the Middle East, no study...

    Authors: Erik Vindbjerg, Jessica Carlsson, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Ask Elklit and Guido Makransky

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:309

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Flying phobia (FP) is a common and disabling mental disorder. Although in vivo exposure is the treatment of choice, it is linked to a number of limitations in its implementation. Particularly important, is the li...

    Authors: Daniel Campos, Juana Bretón-López, Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Diana Castilla, Rosa Baños, Miquel Tortella-Feliu and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:296

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. In the treatment of PTSD, meta-analyses suggest comparable efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapies and various trauma focused treatments, but results for other treatments are inconsistent. One meta-analysi...

    Authors: Ulrich S. Tran and Bettina Gregor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adjustment disorder is one of the most common mental health diagnoses. Still it receives relatively little attention from researchers trying to establish best interventions to treat it. With high prevalence of...

    Authors: Paulius Skruibis, Jonas Eimontas, Migle Dovydaitiene, Egle Mazulyte, Paulina Zelviene and Evaldas Kazlauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:264

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Evidence suggests that coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with increased anxiety and a high incidence of comorbid anxiety and depression. However, the association between percutaneous coronary interven...

    Authors: Guoqiang Gu, Yaqing Zhou, Ying Zhang and Wei Cui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:259

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a substantial contributor to the global burden of disease and lead to subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the relevant literature originates in only a...

    Authors: Dan J. Stein, Elie G. Karam, Victoria Shahly, Eric D. Hill, Andrew King, Maria Petukhova, Lukoye Atwoli, Evelyn J. Bromet, Silvia Florescu, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Aimee Karam, María Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Arieh Shalev…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:257

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This pilot study focused on the feasibility and potential effectiveness of a protocol based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) that was integrated into a standard inpatient program to treat patients with como...

    Authors: Carolin Steuwe, Nina Rullkötter, Verena Ertl, Michaela Berg, Frank Neuner, Thomas Beblo and Martin Driessen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:254

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This longitudinal study aims to investigate differences in long-term disability between social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD), generalize...

    Authors: Sanne M. Hendriks, Jan Spijker, Carmilla M. M. Licht, Florian Hardeveld, Ron de Graaf, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx and Aartjan T. F. Beekman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:248

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of benign peripheral persistent vertigo (BPPV) among patients with anxiety disorders by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).

    Authors: Zi-Jun Chen, Cheng-Ho Chang, Li-Yu Hu, Ming-Shium Tu, Ti Lu, Pan-Ming Chen and Cheng-Che Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder suggest that changes in obsessive beliefs are a key mechanism of treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Thus, in the present process-outcome study, we t...

    Authors: Alice Diedrich, Philipp Sckopke, Caroline Schwartz, Sandra Schlegl, Bernhard Osen, Christian Stierle and Ulrich Voderholzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:220

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The neurological correlates of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) are not well known, however there is evidence of cortical dysregulation in patients with GAD. The aim of the study was to examine cortical func...

    Authors: Yiming Wang, Fangxian Chai, Hongming Zhang, Xingde Liu, Pingxia Xie, Lei Zheng, Lixia Yang, Lingjiang Li and Deyu Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:217

    Content type: Research article

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  46. This study examined the association between the type, and cumulative number of lifetime potentially traumatic events (PTEs), and chronic physical conditions, in a South African sample. PTE exposures have been ...

    Authors: Lukoye Atwoli, Jonathan M. Platt, Archana Basu, David R. Williams, Dan J. Stein and Karestan C. Koenen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:214

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Exposure to the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) on 9/11/2001 resulted in continuing stress experience manifested as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms in a minority of the police re...

    Authors: Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li and Rosemarie M. Bowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Amygdala is considered as the core pathogenesis of generalized social anxiety disorder (GSAD). However, it is still unclear whether effective group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) could modulate the functio...

    Authors: Minlan Yuan, Hongru Zhu, Changjian Qiu, Yajing Meng, Yan Zhang, Jing Shang, Xiaojing Nie, Zhengjia Ren, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang and Su Lui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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