Skip to main content

Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

Page 3 of 6

  1. Oslo University Hospital, Norway, had by autumn 2016, accumulated a waiting list of 101 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who had a legal right to receive treatment by a specialized OCD team. I...

    Authors: Gerd Kvale, Bjarne Hansen, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Tore Børtveit, Kristen Hagen, Svein Haseth, Unn Beate Kristensen, Gunvor Launes, Kerry J. Ressler, Stian Solem, Arne Strand, Odile A. van den Heuvel and Lars-Göran Öst

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:323

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. In order to gain insight into the health impact of violence related injury, the psychological consequences should be taken into account. There has been uncertainty regarding the prevalence of posttraumatic str...

    Authors: Robbin H. Ophuis, Branko F. Olij, Suzanne Polinder and Juanita A. Haagsma

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:311

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. There is a dearth of empirical evidence on the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in developing countries. The primary...

    Authors: Jaco Rossouw, Elna Yadin, Debra Alexander and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:288

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  4. It has been shown in the past two decades that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in general population across the world. This study sought to assess the prevalence of major anxiety disorde...

    Authors: Ahmad Hajebi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Reza Radgoodarzi and Mitra Hefazi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recently the PCL was updated according to the DSM-5 cri...

    Authors: Hawkar Ibrahim, Verena Ertl, Claudia Catani, Azad Ali Ismail and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:259

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Intensive delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly popular for overcoming barriers to treatment for veterans. Understanding how and for whom these ...

    Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Philip Held, Dale L. Smith, Brian J. Klassen, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Patricia S. Normand, Michael B. Brennan, Thad S. Rydberg, Randy A. Boley, Mark H. Pollack and Niranjan S. Karnik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Road traffic accident (RTA), an unexpected traumatic event, may not only lead to death and serious physical injuries, but also could put survivors at an increased risk for a wide range of psychiatric disorders...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Aizhong Liu, Atipatsa C. Kaminga, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Jianzhou Yang and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Psychological distress such as somatization, fear of body sensations, cardiac anxiety and depressive symptoms is common among patients with non-cardiac chest pain, and this may lead to increased healthcare use...

    Authors: Ghassan Mourad, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg, Erland Svensson and Peter Johansson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) usually present with various neurological symptoms, but the mechanisms remain unclear. We aimed to analyze the characteristics of dynamic cerebral autoregulatio...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Shan Lv, Jia Liu, Zan Wang, Hang Jin, Quanli Qiu, Xin Sun and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Adjustment Disorder (AjD) is a common and disabling mental health problem. The lack of research on this disorder has led to the absence of evidence-based interventions for its treatment. Moreover, because the ...

    Authors: Iryna Rachyla, Marian Pérez-Ara, Mar Molés, Daniel Campos, Adriana Mira, Cristina Botella and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:161

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  11. Children with intellectual disabilities are common and are increasing in number as more children survive globally. In stark contrast to the 1–3% prevalence of intellectual disability in children globally (repo...

    Authors: Charles Masulani-Mwale, Felix Kauye, Melissa Gladstone and Don Mathanga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. There is a dearth of validated tools measuring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We validated the Shona version of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL...

    Authors: Ruth Verhey, Dixon Chibanda, Lorna Gibson, Jonathan Brakarsh and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. It has been well documented that the exposure to war has a negative effect on the psychological health of civilian. However, little is known on the impact of war exposure on the physical health of the civilian...

    Authors: Naser Morina, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard Klaghofer, Julia Müller and Chantal Martin-Soelch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:92

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment conditions. Treatment manuals and protocols allow a relatively high degree of freedom...

    Authors: Christoph Flückiger, Christine Wolfer, Judith Held, Peter Hilpert, Julian Rubel, Mathias Allemand, Richard E. Zinbarg and Andreea Vîslă

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:86

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  15. Ongoing pain after surgery is a major problem and influences recovery and the quality of life of the patient. Associations between anxiety and their impact on postoperative pain after herniated disc surgery ha...

    Authors: Rita Laufenberg-Feldmann, Bernd Kappis, Rafael J. A. Cámara and Marion Ferner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. There is good evidence that trauma-focused therapies for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder are effective. However, they are not always feasible to deliver due a shortage of trained therapists and demands on the p...

    Authors: Claire Nollett, Catrin Lewis, Neil Kitchiner, Neil Roberts, Katy Addison, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Sarah Cosgrove, Katherine Cullen, Anke Ehlers, Sarah Heke, Mark Kelson, Karina Lovell, Kim Madden, Kirsten McEwan, Rachel McNamara, Ceri Phillips…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:77

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  17. Health care professionals who are frequently coping with traumatic events have an increased risk of developing a posttraumatic stress disorder. Research among physicians is scarce, and obstetrician-gynecologis...

    Authors: Melanie A. M. Baas, Karel W. F. Scheepstra, Claire A. I. Stramrood, Ruth Evers, Lea M. Dijksman and Maria G. van Pampus

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individua...

    Authors: Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink and Elisabeth M. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. To investigate how social support relates to mental health problems for Belgian late adolescents and young adults 15–25 years of age. Additionally, we examine changes in mental health problems between 2008 and...

    Authors: Filip Van Droogenbroeck, Bram Spruyt and Gil Keppens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be u...

    Authors: Wenpeng Cai, Yu Pan, Huangyangzi Chai, Yi Cui, Jin Yan, Wei Dong and Guanghui Deng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sl...

    Authors: Kyung-Won Song, Won-Seok Choi, Hee-Jung Jee, Chi-Sung Yuh, Yong-Ku Kim, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee and Chul-Hyun Cho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:398

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Anxiety and depression are usually under diagnosed among the patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which has a negative impact on patient quality of life through restriction of activities...

    Authors: Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Tirtha Man Shrestha, Srijana Gauchan, Prakash Pun and Yam Bahadur Thapa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:397

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about ...

    Authors: Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel and Pallab K. Maulik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:385

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL, now PCL-5) has recently been revised to reflect the new diagnostic criteria of the disorder.

    Authors: Antje Krüger-Gottschalk, Christine Knaevelsrud, Heinrich Rau, Anne Dyer, Ingo Schäfer, Julia Schellong and Thomas Ehring

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:379

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. A short screening for social anxiety disorder is useful in clinical and epidemiological contexts. However, the German version of the short form of the Social Phobia Inventory (mini-SPIN) has not been evaluated...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Sören Kliem, Matthias Michal, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Manfred E. Beutel, Elmar Brähler and Rüdiger Zwerenz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:377

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers’ mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our...

    Authors: Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:364

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients.

    Authors: Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang and Rainer Schaefert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition which can have major effects on the life of both the sufferer and their family members. Previous research has shown that the impact of illness on family membe...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Penny Bee, Katherine Berry and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:326

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Patients with stress-related exhaustion suffer from cognitive impairments, which often remain after psychological treatment or work place interventions. It is important to find effective treatments that can ad...

    Authors: Therese Eskilsson, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm, Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Anna Stigsdotter Neely and Carl-Johan Boraxbekk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Stress and anxiety are common in pregnancy and shown to have adverse effects on maternal and infant health outcomes. The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of music-based inte...

    Authors: Kyrsten Corbijn van Willenswaard, Fiona Lynn, Jenny McNeill, Karen McQueen, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Marci Lobel and Fiona Alderdice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:271

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been shown in previous studies to display abnormal cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, the characteristics of cardio-cerebrovascular modulation are unknown. We ...

    Authors: Zhen-Ni Guo, Liangshu Feng, Xiuli Yan, Le Yang, Shuo Huang, Yingqi Xing and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:259

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal...

    Authors: Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R. Babu and Gian Carlo Di Renzo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:255

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease, presenting with dysfunction of connective tissues leading to lesions in the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle system. Within these symptoms, the most typical is weakness ...

    Authors: Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Miklós Pólos, Alex Ali Sayour, Tamás Radovits, Elektra Bartha, Péter Nagy, Balázs Rákóczi, Ákos Koller, Viola Szokolai, Julianna Hedberg, Béla Merkely, Zsolt B. Nagy and Zoltán Szabolcs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. History of traumatic experience is common in dissociative disorder (DD), and similarity of symptoms and characteristics between DD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) encouraged to consider DD as trauma-r...

    Authors: Johanna Kienle, Brigitte Rockstroh, Martin Bohus, Johanna Fiess, Silke Huffziger and Astrid Steffen-Klatt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:248

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Therapeutic intervention programs for somatic symptom disorder (SSD) show only small-to-moderate effect sizes. These effects are partly explained by the motivational problems of SSD patients. Hence, fostering ...

    Authors: Johannes Mander, Georg Schaller, Hinrich Bents, Ulrike Dinger, Stephan Zipfel and Florian Junne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:240

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Research has demonstrated that exposure to life stressors can influence health through a number of pathways. However, knowledge about the patterns of life stressors and their contributions to health in differe...

    Authors: Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson and Charrlotte Seib

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:232

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Secondary distress including emotional distress, vicarious trauma (VT) and secondary traumatic stress (STS) due to exposure to primary trauma victims have been described in helping professionals and in violenc...

    Authors: Heidi Grundlingh, Louise Knight, Dipak Naker and Karen Devries

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there ...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this popul...

    Authors: Wietse A. Tol, M. Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G. Bonz, Judith K. Bass and Jessie K. K. Mbwambo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:186

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  40. The PTSD Checklist-civilian (PCL-C) is one of the most commonly used self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, however, little is known about its validity when used in pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate the r...

    Authors: Bizu Gelaye, Yinnan Zheng, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Marta B. Rondon, Sixto E. Sánchez and Michelle A. Williams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:179

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. While work-related fatigue has become an issue of concern among European employees, the relationship between fatigue, depression and work-related stressors is far from clear. The purposes of this study were (1...

    Authors: D. M. Rose, A. Seidler, M. Nübling, U. Latza, E. Brähler, E. M. Klein, J. Wiltink, M. Michal, S. Nickels, P. S. Wild, J. König, M. Claus, S. Letzel and M. E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Anxiety has been suggested to increase among young individuals, but previous studies on longitudinal trends are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze longitudinally, the changes over time of preva...

    Authors: Susanna Calling, Patrik Midlöv, Sven-Erik Johansson, Kristina Sundquist and Jan Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The objective of this pilot study was to explore the use of a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology for individuals with self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress, as a potential ...

    Authors: Charles H. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Catherine L. Tegeler, Joshua R. Hirsch, Hossam A. Shaltout, Sean L. Simpson, Brian C. Fidali, Lee Gerdes and Sung W. Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Exposure to trauma and bereavement is common in conflict-affected regions. Previous research suggests considerable heterogeneity in responses to trauma and loss with varying symptom representations. The purpos...

    Authors: Carina Heeke, Nadine Stammel, Manuel Heinrich and Christine Knaevelsrud

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in m...

    Authors: Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: