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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Flying phobia (FP) is a common and disabling mental disorder. Although in vivo exposure is the treatment of choice, it is linked to a number of limitations in its implementation. Particularly important, is the li...

    Authors: Daniel Campos, Juana Bretón-López, Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Diana Castilla, Rosa Baños, Miquel Tortella-Feliu and Soledad Quero

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:296

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. In the treatment of PTSD, meta-analyses suggest comparable efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapies and various trauma focused treatments, but results for other treatments are inconsistent. One meta-analysi...

    Authors: Ulrich S. Tran and Bettina Gregor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Adjustment disorder is one of the most common mental health diagnoses. Still it receives relatively little attention from researchers trying to establish best interventions to treat it. With high prevalence of...

    Authors: Paulius Skruibis, Jonas Eimontas, Migle Dovydaitiene, Egle Mazulyte, Paulina Zelviene and Evaldas Kazlauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:264

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Evidence suggests that coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with increased anxiety and a high incidence of comorbid anxiety and depression. However, the association between percutaneous coronary interven...

    Authors: Guoqiang Gu, Yaqing Zhou, Ying Zhang and Wei Cui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:259

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a substantial contributor to the global burden of disease and lead to subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the relevant literature originates in only a...

    Authors: Dan J. Stein, Elie G. Karam, Victoria Shahly, Eric D. Hill, Andrew King, Maria Petukhova, Lukoye Atwoli, Evelyn J. Bromet, Silvia Florescu, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Aimee Karam, María Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Arieh Shalev…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:257

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This pilot study focused on the feasibility and potential effectiveness of a protocol based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) that was integrated into a standard inpatient program to treat patients with como...

    Authors: Carolin Steuwe, Nina Rullkötter, Verena Ertl, Michaela Berg, Frank Neuner, Thomas Beblo and Martin Driessen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:254

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This longitudinal study aims to investigate differences in long-term disability between social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD), generalize...

    Authors: Sanne M. Hendriks, Jan Spijker, Carmilla M. M. Licht, Florian Hardeveld, Ron de Graaf, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx and Aartjan T. F. Beekman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:248

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of benign peripheral persistent vertigo (BPPV) among patients with anxiety disorders by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).

    Authors: Zi-Jun Chen, Cheng-Ho Chang, Li-Yu Hu, Ming-Shium Tu, Ti Lu, Pan-Ming Chen and Cheng-Che Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder suggest that changes in obsessive beliefs are a key mechanism of treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Thus, in the present process-outcome study, we t...

    Authors: Alice Diedrich, Philipp Sckopke, Caroline Schwartz, Sandra Schlegl, Bernhard Osen, Christian Stierle and Ulrich Voderholzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:220

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The neurological correlates of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) are not well known, however there is evidence of cortical dysregulation in patients with GAD. The aim of the study was to examine cortical func...

    Authors: Yiming Wang, Fangxian Chai, Hongming Zhang, Xingde Liu, Pingxia Xie, Lei Zheng, Lixia Yang, Lingjiang Li and Deyu Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:217

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study examined the association between the type, and cumulative number of lifetime potentially traumatic events (PTEs), and chronic physical conditions, in a South African sample. PTE exposures have been ...

    Authors: Lukoye Atwoli, Jonathan M. Platt, Archana Basu, David R. Williams, Dan J. Stein and Karestan C. Koenen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:214

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Exposure to the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) on 9/11/2001 resulted in continuing stress experience manifested as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms in a minority of the police re...

    Authors: Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li and Rosemarie M. Bowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Amygdala is considered as the core pathogenesis of generalized social anxiety disorder (GSAD). However, it is still unclear whether effective group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) could modulate the functio...

    Authors: Minlan Yuan, Hongru Zhu, Changjian Qiu, Yajing Meng, Yan Zhang, Jing Shang, Xiaojing Nie, Zhengjia Ren, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang and Su Lui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological disorder caused by unusual threats or catastrophic events. Little is known about the combined incidence of PTSD after earthquakes. This study aim...

    Authors: Wenjie Dai, Long Chen, Zhiwei Lai, Yan Li, Jieru Wang and Aizhong Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:188

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A substantial proportion of parents whose child is diagnosed with a life-threatening illness, experience high levels of distress that can lead to long-term difficulties in mental health, family functioning and...

    Authors: Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara, Anica Dimovski, Maria C. McCarthy, Jackie Yamada, Vicki A. Anderson, Kylie Burke, Robyn Walser and Jan M. Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:169

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The Perceived Stress Scale Cohen (J Health Soc Behav 24:385-96, 1983) is a widely and well-established self-report scale measuring perceived stress. However, the German version of the PSS-10 has not yet been v...

    Authors: Eva M. Klein, Elmar Brähler, Michael Dreier, Leonard Reinecke, Kai W. Müller, Gabriele Schmutzer, Klaus Wölfling and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:159

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Specific phobia is the most prevalent anxiety disorder in the community and is associated with substantial impairment. Comorbidity with physical diseases is assumed and has important implications for etiology,...

    Authors: Cornelia Witthauer, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Andrea Hans Meyer, Peter Vollenweider, Gerard Waeber, Martin Preisig and Roselind Lieb

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cumulative exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) increases risk for mental distress in conflict-affected settings, but the psychophysiological mechanisms that mediate this dose-response relationship ...

    Authors: Belinda J. Liddell, Andrew H. Kemp, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Richard A. Bryant, Natalino Tam, Alvin Kuowei Tay and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Several psychological sequelae have been identified in civilian war survivors. However, little is known about the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and their relationship to trauma in this population.

    Authors: Naser Morina, Vita Sulaj, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard Klaghofer, Julia Müller, Chantal Martin-Sölch and Michael Rufer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:115

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mental illnesses are more common among the prison population than the general public. However, little attention is given to mental health service in low and middle income countries in general. The problem is m...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Teresa Kisi, Nigussie Yigzaw and Telake Azale

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:83

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The unified protocol for the transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders is a promising treatment approach that could be applicable to a broad range of mental disorders, including depressive, anxiety, tra...

    Authors: Masaya Ito, Yasuyuki Okumura, Masaru Horikoshi, Noriko Kato, Yuki Oe, Mitsuhiro Miyamae, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Ayako Kanie, Atsuo Nakagawa and Yutaka Ono

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:71

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Anxiety is characterized by a bias towards threatening information, anxious apprehension, and disrupted concentration. Previous research in healthy subjects suggests that working memory (WM) is disrupted by in...

    Authors: Katherine E. Vytal, Nicole E. Arkin, Cassie Overstreet, Lynne Lieberman and Christian Grillon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:62

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In this paper, we present the protocol for a cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a workplace mental health intervention in the state-wide police department of the south...

    Authors: Anthony D. LaMontagne, Allison J. Milner, Amanda F. Allisey, Kathryn M. Page, Nicola J. Reavley, Angela Martin, Irina Tchernitskaia, Andrew J. Noblet, Lauren J. Purnell, Katrina Witt, Tessa G. Keegel and Peter M. Smith

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a commonly occurring mental illness. There are multiple treatments for PTSD that have similar effectiveness, but these treatments differ substantially in other ways. It ...

    Authors: Bradley V. Watts, Maha H. Zayed, Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas and Paula P. Schnurr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Research on trauma and its impact on mental health typically relies on self-reports which can be influenced by recall bias and an individual’s subjective interpretation of events. This study aims to compare re...

    Authors: Souci Frissa, Stephani L Hatch, Nicola T Fear, Sarah Dorrington, Laura Goodwin and Matthew Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric conditions, and are associated with poor quality of life and substantial economic burden. Cognitive behavioural therapy is an effective treatment to r...

    Authors: Geke Romijn, Heleen Riper, Robin Kok, Tara Donker, Maartje Goorden, Leona Hakkaart van Roijen, Lisa Kooistra, Anton van Balkom and Jeroen Koning

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:311

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Findings about sex differences in the field of fear conditioning and fear extinction have been mixed. At the psychophysiological level, sex differences emerge only when taking estradiol levels of women into co...

    Authors: Moon Jung Hwang, Rachel G. Zsido, Huijin Song, Edward F. Pace-Schott, Karen Klahr Miller, Kelimer Lebron-Milad, Marie-France Marin and Mohammed R. Milad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:295

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There is a lack of research regarding the long-lasting effects of a more physically active lifestyle in patients with mental disorders. In the present study, clinical data were analysed to examine if initially...

    Authors: Agneta Lindegård, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Mats Börjesson, Magnus Lindwall and Markus Gerber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:272

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The validity of applying the construct of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across cultures has been the subject of contention. Although PTSD symptoms have been identified across multiple cultures, questio...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Susan Rees, Jack Chen, Moses Kareth and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:111

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mothers of young children are at high-risk for developing adverse mental health effects following a nuclear accident. Using the Japanese pregnancy registration system, the prefecture of Fukushima launched a po...

    Authors: Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet and Kenya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Predicting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a pre-requisite for targeted prevention. Current research has identified group-level risk-indicators, many of which (e.g., head trauma, receiving opiates) con...

    Authors: Karen-Inge Karstoft, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Alexander Statnikov, Zhiguo Li and Arieh Y Shalev

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:30

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into th...

    Authors: James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:48

    Content type: Research article

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  33. A small literature suggests that pharmacotherapy may be useful in the prophylaxis of posttraumatic stress disorder in patients presenting with major trauma. There is relatively little data, however, on the use...

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat, Janine Pingo, Taryn Sutherland, Joseph Zohar and Dan J Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:24

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Experiencing systematic violence and trauma increases the risk of poor mental health outcomes; few interventions for these types of exposures have been evaluated in low resource contexts. The objective of this...

    Authors: Paul Bolton, Judith K Bass, Goran Abdulla Sabir Zangana, Talar Kamal, Sarah McIvor Murray, Debra Kaysen, Carl W Lejuez, Kristen Lindgren, Sherry Pagoto, Laura K Murray, Stephanie Skavenski Van Wyk, Ahmed Mohammed Amin Ahmed, Nazar M Mohammad Amin and Michael Rosenblum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:360

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Higher levels of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) and schema modes according to schematherapy by Jeffrey Young are present in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared to healthy controls. This study examine...

    Authors: Nicola Thiel, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Nirmal Herbst, Anne Katrin Külz, Christoph Nissen, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Ellen Gross and Ulrich Voderholzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:362

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Refugees and asylum seekers have high rates of risk factors for mental disorders. In recent years, Australia has experienced a rapid increase in asylum seeker arrivals, creating new challenges for services in ...

    Authors: Frances Shawyer, Joanne C Enticott, Anne R Doherty, Andrew A Block, I-Hao Cheng, Sayed Wahidi and Graham N Meadows

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:356

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Alterations in rhythmicity and vegetative functions have been reported as correlates of suicidality, particularly in patients with mood disorders. No investigation has addressed their impact on patients with p...

    Authors: Liliana Dell’Osso, Gabriele Massimetti, Ciro Conversano, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Valdo Ricca and Claudia Carmassi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:352

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In 2006, the National Institute of Clinical and Health Excellence (NICE) guidelines for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) recommended anti-psychotics as a class for SSRI treatment resistant OCD. The article ...

    Authors: David Veale, Sarah Miles, Nicola Smallcombe, Haben Ghezai, Ben Goldacre and John Hodsoll

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:317

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Up to 20% of US military personnel deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan experience mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) while deployed; up to one-third will experience persistent post-concussive symptoms (PCS). The o...

    Authors: Bryan G Garber, Corneliu Rusu and Mark A Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:325

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Women exposed to gender-based violence (GBV) experience a high rate of common mental disorders and suicidal behaviour ("mental disturbance"). Little is known however about the timing of onset of mental disturb...

    Authors: Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Mark Creamer, Maree Teesson, Richard Bryant, Alexander C McFarlane, Katherine L Mills, Tim Slade, Natacha Carragher, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:312

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Globally, suicide is a public health burden especially in the aftermath of war. Understanding the processes that define the path from previous war experiences (WE) to current suicidal ideation (SI) is crucial ...

    Authors: Kennedy Amone-P’Olak, Tlholego Molemane Lekhutlile, Richard Meiser-Stedman and Emilio Ovuga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:271

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Resilience is a dynamic process involving the interaction between intrapsychic and social factors of risk and protection. For resilience to be recognized there must be a significant threat to the individual, s...

    Authors: Liliane Vilete, Ivan Figueira, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli, Wagner Ribeiro, Maria Ines Quintana, Jair de Jesus Mari and Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:257

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Potentially traumatic events happen in people’s lives, leading to the risk of the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and even suicide. Resilience is an individual’s ability to maintain or...

    Authors: Tania Macedo, Livia Wilheim, Raquel Gonçalves, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Liliane Vilete, Ivan Figueira and Paula Ventura

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:227

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is one of the most disabling of all psychiatric illnesses. Despite available pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments about 10% of patients remain severely affected and ar...

    Authors: Sina Kohl, Deva M Schönherr, Judy Luigjes, Damiaan Denys, Ulf J Mueller, Doris Lenartz, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle and Jens Kuhn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:214

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Psychological therapy is effective for symptoms of mental distress, but many groups with high levels of mental distress face significant barriers in terms of access to care, as current interventions may not be...

    Authors: Karina Lovell, Jonathan Lamb, Linda Gask, Pete Bower, Waquas Waheed, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Jon Lamb, Saadia Aseem, Susan Beatty, Heather Burroughs, Pam Clarke, Anna Dowrick, Suzanne Edwards, Mark Gabbay, Mari Lloyd-Williams and Chris Dowrick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:217

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common chronic psychiatric disorder that constitutes a leading cause of disability. Although Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatme...

    Authors: Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding, Britt Klein, David Austin, Denny Meyer and Claire Ahern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:209

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. The relative performance of local and international assessment instruments is subject to ongoing discussion in transcultural research on mental health and psychosocial support. We examined the construct and ex...

    Authors: Andrew Rasmussen, Peter Ventevogel, Amelia Sancilio, Mark Eggerman and Catherine Panter-Brick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:206

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth has gained growing attention in the recent years. Although a number of predictors for PTSD following childbirth have been identified (e.g., history of ...

    Authors: Anna N Vossbeck-Elsebusch, Claudia Freisfeld and Thomas Ehring

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:200

    Content type: Research article

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