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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Alterations in rhythmicity and vegetative functions have been reported as correlates of suicidality, particularly in patients with mood disorders. No investigation has addressed their impact on patients with p...

    Authors: Liliana Dell’Osso, Gabriele Massimetti, Ciro Conversano, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Valdo Ricca and Claudia Carmassi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:352

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2006, the National Institute of Clinical and Health Excellence (NICE) guidelines for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) recommended anti-psychotics as a class for SSRI treatment resistant OCD. The article ...

    Authors: David Veale, Sarah Miles, Nicola Smallcombe, Haben Ghezai, Ben Goldacre and John Hodsoll

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:317

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Up to 20% of US military personnel deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan experience mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) while deployed; up to one-third will experience persistent post-concussive symptoms (PCS). The o...

    Authors: Bryan G Garber, Corneliu Rusu and Mark A Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:325

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Women exposed to gender-based violence (GBV) experience a high rate of common mental disorders and suicidal behaviour ("mental disturbance"). Little is known however about the timing of onset of mental disturb...

    Authors: Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Mark Creamer, Maree Teesson, Richard Bryant, Alexander C McFarlane, Katherine L Mills, Tim Slade, Natacha Carragher, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes and Derrick Silove

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:312

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Globally, suicide is a public health burden especially in the aftermath of war. Understanding the processes that define the path from previous war experiences (WE) to current suicidal ideation (SI) is crucial ...

    Authors: Kennedy Amone-P’Olak, Tlholego Molemane Lekhutlile, Richard Meiser-Stedman and Emilio Ovuga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:271

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Resilience is a dynamic process involving the interaction between intrapsychic and social factors of risk and protection. For resilience to be recognized there must be a significant threat to the individual, s...

    Authors: Liliane Vilete, Ivan Figueira, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli, Wagner Ribeiro, Maria Ines Quintana, Jair de Jesus Mari and Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:257

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Potentially traumatic events happen in people’s lives, leading to the risk of the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and even suicide. Resilience is an individual’s ability to maintain or...

    Authors: Tania Macedo, Livia Wilheim, Raquel Gonçalves, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Liliane Vilete, Ivan Figueira and Paula Ventura

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:227

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is one of the most disabling of all psychiatric illnesses. Despite available pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments about 10% of patients remain severely affected and ar...

    Authors: Sina Kohl, Deva M Schönherr, Judy Luigjes, Damiaan Denys, Ulf J Mueller, Doris Lenartz, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle and Jens Kuhn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:214

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Psychological therapy is effective for symptoms of mental distress, but many groups with high levels of mental distress face significant barriers in terms of access to care, as current interventions may not be...

    Authors: Karina Lovell, Jonathan Lamb, Linda Gask, Pete Bower, Waquas Waheed, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Jon Lamb, Saadia Aseem, Susan Beatty, Heather Burroughs, Pam Clarke, Anna Dowrick, Suzanne Edwards, Mark Gabbay, Mari Lloyd-Williams and Chris Dowrick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:217

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common chronic psychiatric disorder that constitutes a leading cause of disability. Although Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatme...

    Authors: Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding, Britt Klein, David Austin, Denny Meyer and Claire Ahern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:209

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. The relative performance of local and international assessment instruments is subject to ongoing discussion in transcultural research on mental health and psychosocial support. We examined the construct and ex...

    Authors: Andrew Rasmussen, Peter Ventevogel, Amelia Sancilio, Mark Eggerman and Catherine Panter-Brick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:206

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth has gained growing attention in the recent years. Although a number of predictors for PTSD following childbirth have been identified (e.g., history of ...

    Authors: Anna N Vossbeck-Elsebusch, Claudia Freisfeld and Thomas Ehring

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:200

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Traumatic stress leads to functional reorganization in the brain and may trigger an alarm response. However, when the traumatic event produces severe helplessness, the predominant peri-traumatic response may i...

    Authors: Inga Schalinski, James Moran, Maggie Schauer and Thomas Elbert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:193

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The differential diagnosis of pseudo-neurological symptoms often represents a clinical challenge. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5, made an attempt to improve diagnostic criteri...

    Authors: Carl E Scheidt, Kathrin Baumann, Michael Katzev, Matthias Reinhard, Sebastian Rauer, Michael Wirsching and Andreas Joos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:158

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Anxiety scales may help primary care physicians to detect specific anxiety disorders among the many emotionally distressed patients presenting in primary care. The anxiety scale of the Four-Dimensional Symptom...

    Authors: Berend Terluin, Desiree B Oosterbaan, Evelien PM Brouwers, Annemieke van Straten, Peter M van de Ven, Wendy Langerak and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:121

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Both mental and somatic symptoms are commonly reported in patients with stress-related problems. We have explored the prevalence of somatic symptoms in patients seeking medical care for stress-related mental h...

    Authors: Kristina Glise, Gunnar Ahlborg Jr and Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:118

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most common mental disorders and causes subjective suffering and economic burden worldwide. Although effective treatments are available, a lot of cases go untreated....

    Authors: Ava Schulz, Timo Stolz and Thomas Berger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:115

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. While a large proportion of conflict-affected populations have been dually exposed to trauma and loss, there is inadequate research identifying differential symptom profiles related to bereavement and trauma e...

    Authors: Angela Nickerson, Belinda J Liddell, Fiona Maccallum, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove and Richard A Bryant

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:106

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This investigation examines differences in cognitive profiles in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

    Authors: Sanne M Hendriks, Carmilla MM Licht, Jan Spijker, Aartjan TF Beekman, Florian Hardeveld, Ron de Graaf and Brenda WJH Penninx

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:96

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Currently few evidence based interventions are available for the prevention of PTSD within the first weeks after trauma. Increased risk for PTSD development is associated with dysregulated fear and stress resp...

    Authors: Jessie L Frijling, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia BJ Koch, Laura Nawijn, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Fred C Bakker, Damiaan Denys, Dick J Veltman and Miranda Olff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:92

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a major health problem among refugees worldwide. After resettlement, the prevalence of PTSD remains high despite the fact that various PTSD treatments are known to be e...

    Authors: Majda Lamkaddem, Karien Stronks, Walter D Devillé, Miranda Olff, Annette AM Gerritsen and Marie-Louise Essink-Bot

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:90

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The widespread forest fires in Indonesia in June 2013 led to widespread haze to neighbouring countries. This is the first study in the medical literature reporting the acute physical and psychological symptoms...

    Authors: Roger C Ho, Melvyn W Zhang, Cyrus S Ho, Fang Pan, Yanxia Lu and Vijay K Sharma

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:81

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Several researchers imply that both work-related and non-work-related stress exposure are likely to contribute to stress-related mental illness. Yet empirical studies investigating both domains seem to be limi...

    Authors: Karin Hasselberg, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Susanne Ellbin and Katrin Skagert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:66

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Bonafide psychotherapy is an effective treatment for generalised anxiety disorder compared to no-treatment. Rather than creating increasing numbers of new overall treatment-packets within a medical meta-model,...

    Authors: Christoph Flückiger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. In Sub Saharan Africa, there has been limited research on instruments to identify specific mental disorders in children in conflict-affected settings. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of three ...

    Authors: Peter Ventevogel, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J Jordans, Paolo Feo and Joop TVM De Jong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:36

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among family members of ICU patients and are culturally dependent. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression and asso...

    Authors: Katerina Rusinova, Jaromir Kukal, Jiri Simek and Vladimir Cerny

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:21

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The negative effect of exposure to traumatic events on mental health is well known. Most studies of the effects of trauma on mental health in war-affected populations have focused on post-traumatic stress diso...

    Authors: Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne Eide, Leslie Swartz and Edvard Hauff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:6

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Studies suggest that immigrants have higher rates of anxiety-depression than compatriots in low-middle income countries and lower rates than populations in host high income countries. Elucidating the factors t...

    Authors: Belinda J Liddell, Tien Chey, Derrick Silove, Thuy Thi Bich Phan, Nguyen Mong Giao and Zachary Steel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:329

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Psychological distress (e.g., depression and anxiety) has been regarded as the main cause of leaving work for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in workplaces. This study aims to explore the associations of f...

    Authors: Li Liu, Ran Pang, Wei Sun, Ming Wu, Peng Qu, Chunming Lu and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:324

    Content type: Research article

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  30. With a rapidly ageing population and increasing life expectancy, programs directed at improving the mental health and quality of life (QOL) of older persons are extremely important. This issue may be particula...

    Authors: Joanna Atkins, Sharon L Naismith, Georgina M Luscombe and Ian B Hickie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:249

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Mental health consequences of disasters are frequently studied. However, few studies have investigated symptom improvement in victims after natural disasters. This study aimed to identify predictors of 6 month...

    Authors: Ajmal Hussain, Lars Weisæth and Trond Heir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:232

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Depression is one of the most common neuropsychiatric complications of HIV disease, and in turn it is associated with worse HIV-related outcomes. Data on depression among HIV-infected patients in Cameroon are ...

    Authors: Rodrigue Minya L’akoa, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Yixin Fang, Félicien Enyime Ntone and Christopher Kuaban

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:228

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Previous studies have found high levels of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder among women survivors of human trafficking. No previous research has described risk factors for di...

    Authors: Melanie Abas, Nicolae V Ostrovschi, Martin Prince, Viorel I Gorceag, Carolina Trigub and Siân Oram

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:204

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Questionnaires may help in detecting and diagnosing anxiety disorders in primary care. However, since utility of these questionnaires in target populations is rarely studied, the Patient Health Questionnaire a...

    Authors: Anna DT Muntingh, Eric W De Heer, Harm WJ Van Marwijk, Herman J Adèr, Anton JLM Van Balkom, Philip Spinhoven and Christina M Van der Feltz-Cornelis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:192

    Content type: Research article

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  35. South Africa’s unique history, characterised by apartheid, a form of constitutional racial segregation and exploitation, and a long period of political violence and state-sponsored oppression ending only in 1994,...

    Authors: Lukoye Atwoli, Dan J Stein, David R Williams, Katie A Mclaughlin, Maria Petukhova, Ronald C Kessler and Karestan C Koenen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:182

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effectiveness of a combined treatment for co-morbid Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and severe Substance Use Disorder (SUD).

    Authors: Debora van Dam, Thomas Ehring, Ellen Vedel and Paul MG Emmelkamp

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:172

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Somatoform dissociation is a specific form of dissociation with somatic manifestations represented in the form of ‘pseudoneurological’ symptoms due to disturbances or alterations of normal integrated functions...

    Authors: Petr Bob, Petra Selesova, Jiri Raboch and Lubomir Kukla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:149

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Legal status and other resettlement stressors are known to impact mental health of asylum seekers and refugees. However, the ways in which they interact with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) w...

    Authors: Boris Drožđek, Astrid M Kamperman, Wietse A Tol, Jeroen W Knipscheer and Rolf J Kleber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:148

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Most previous research that has examined mental health among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combatants has relied on self-report measures to assess mental health outcomes; few...

    Authors: Stephanie Booth-Kewley, Emily A Schmied, Robyn M Highfill-McRoy, Gerald E Larson, Cedric F Garland and Lauretta A Ziajko

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:130

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves debilitating symptoms that can disrupt cognitive functioning. The emotional Stroop has been commonly used to examine the impact of PTSD on attentional control, bu...

    Authors: Victoria Ashley, Nikki Honzel, Jary Larsen, Timothy Justus and Diane Swick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Evidence from animal and human studies imply the amygdala as the most critical structure involved in processing of fear-relevant stimuli. In phobias, the amygdala seems to play a crucial role in the pathogenes...

    Authors: Melanie S Fisler, Andrea Federspiel, Helge Horn, Thomas Dierks, Wolfgang Schmitt, Roland Wiest, Dominique J-F de Quervain and Leila M Soravia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:70

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several research studies investigating the effectiveness of the different treatments have demonstrated that exposure-based therapies are more suitable and effective than others for the treatment of anxiety dis...

    Authors: Federica Pallavicini, Pietro Cipresso, Simona Raspelli, Alessandra Grassi, Silvia Serino, Cinzia Vigna, Stefano Triberti, Marco Villamira, Andrea Gaggioli and Giuseppe Riva

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:52

    Content type: Research article

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  43. War-related traumata in childhood and young-adulthood may have long-lasting negative effects on mental health. The focus of recent research has shifted to examine positive adaption despite traumatic experience...

    Authors: Ulrich S Tran, Tobias M Glück and Brigitte Lueger-Schuster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Type D (distressed) personality, defined by negative affectivity and social inhibition, is related to cardiovascular outcomes. Little is known about Type D in non-Western cultures. We examined the validity of ...

    Authors: Chia-Ying Weng, Johan Denollet, Chin-Lon Lin, Tin-Kwang Lin, Wen-Chung Wang, Jyun-Ji Lin, Shu-Shu Wong and Floortje Mols

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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