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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Traumatic stress leads to functional reorganization in the brain and may trigger an alarm response. However, when the traumatic event produces severe helplessness, the predominant peri-traumatic response may i...

    Authors: Inga Schalinski, James Moran, Maggie Schauer and Thomas Elbert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:193

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The differential diagnosis of pseudo-neurological symptoms often represents a clinical challenge. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5, made an attempt to improve diagnostic criteri...

    Authors: Carl E Scheidt, Kathrin Baumann, Michael Katzev, Matthias Reinhard, Sebastian Rauer, Michael Wirsching and Andreas Joos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:158

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Anxiety scales may help primary care physicians to detect specific anxiety disorders among the many emotionally distressed patients presenting in primary care. The anxiety scale of the Four-Dimensional Symptom...

    Authors: Berend Terluin, Desiree B Oosterbaan, Evelien PM Brouwers, Annemieke van Straten, Peter M van de Ven, Wendy Langerak and Harm WJ van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:121

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Both mental and somatic symptoms are commonly reported in patients with stress-related problems. We have explored the prevalence of somatic symptoms in patients seeking medical care for stress-related mental h...

    Authors: Kristina Glise, Gunnar Ahlborg Jr and Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:118

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most common mental disorders and causes subjective suffering and economic burden worldwide. Although effective treatments are available, a lot of cases go untreated....

    Authors: Ava Schulz, Timo Stolz and Thomas Berger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:115

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. While a large proportion of conflict-affected populations have been dually exposed to trauma and loss, there is inadequate research identifying differential symptom profiles related to bereavement and trauma e...

    Authors: Angela Nickerson, Belinda J Liddell, Fiona Maccallum, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove and Richard A Bryant

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:106

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This investigation examines differences in cognitive profiles in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

    Authors: Sanne M Hendriks, Carmilla MM Licht, Jan Spijker, Aartjan TF Beekman, Florian Hardeveld, Ron de Graaf and Brenda WJH Penninx

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:96

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Currently few evidence based interventions are available for the prevention of PTSD within the first weeks after trauma. Increased risk for PTSD development is associated with dysregulated fear and stress resp...

    Authors: Jessie L Frijling, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia BJ Koch, Laura Nawijn, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Fred C Bakker, Damiaan Denys, Dick J Veltman and Miranda Olff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:92

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a major health problem among refugees worldwide. After resettlement, the prevalence of PTSD remains high despite the fact that various PTSD treatments are known to be e...

    Authors: Majda Lamkaddem, Karien Stronks, Walter D Devillé, Miranda Olff, Annette AM Gerritsen and Marie-Louise Essink-Bot

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:90

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The widespread forest fires in Indonesia in June 2013 led to widespread haze to neighbouring countries. This is the first study in the medical literature reporting the acute physical and psychological symptoms...

    Authors: Roger C Ho, Melvyn W Zhang, Cyrus S Ho, Fang Pan, Yanxia Lu and Vijay K Sharma

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:81

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Several researchers imply that both work-related and non-work-related stress exposure are likely to contribute to stress-related mental illness. Yet empirical studies investigating both domains seem to be limi...

    Authors: Karin Hasselberg, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Susanne Ellbin and Katrin Skagert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:66

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bonafide psychotherapy is an effective treatment for generalised anxiety disorder compared to no-treatment. Rather than creating increasing numbers of new overall treatment-packets within a medical meta-model,...

    Authors: Christoph Flückiger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. In Sub Saharan Africa, there has been limited research on instruments to identify specific mental disorders in children in conflict-affected settings. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of three ...

    Authors: Peter Ventevogel, Ivan H Komproe, Mark J Jordans, Paolo Feo and Joop TVM De Jong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:36

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among family members of ICU patients and are culturally dependent. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression and asso...

    Authors: Katerina Rusinova, Jaromir Kukal, Jiri Simek and Vladimir Cerny

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:21

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The negative effect of exposure to traumatic events on mental health is well known. Most studies of the effects of trauma on mental health in war-affected populations have focused on post-traumatic stress diso...

    Authors: Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne Eide, Leslie Swartz and Edvard Hauff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:6

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Studies suggest that immigrants have higher rates of anxiety-depression than compatriots in low-middle income countries and lower rates than populations in host high income countries. Elucidating the factors t...

    Authors: Belinda J Liddell, Tien Chey, Derrick Silove, Thuy Thi Bich Phan, Nguyen Mong Giao and Zachary Steel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:329

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Psychological distress (e.g., depression and anxiety) has been regarded as the main cause of leaving work for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in workplaces. This study aims to explore the associations of f...

    Authors: Li Liu, Ran Pang, Wei Sun, Ming Wu, Peng Qu, Chunming Lu and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:324

    Content type: Research article

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  18. With a rapidly ageing population and increasing life expectancy, programs directed at improving the mental health and quality of life (QOL) of older persons are extremely important. This issue may be particula...

    Authors: Joanna Atkins, Sharon L Naismith, Georgina M Luscombe and Ian B Hickie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:249

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mental health consequences of disasters are frequently studied. However, few studies have investigated symptom improvement in victims after natural disasters. This study aimed to identify predictors of 6 month...

    Authors: Ajmal Hussain, Lars Weisæth and Trond Heir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:232

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Depression is one of the most common neuropsychiatric complications of HIV disease, and in turn it is associated with worse HIV-related outcomes. Data on depression among HIV-infected patients in Cameroon are ...

    Authors: Rodrigue Minya L’akoa, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Yixin Fang, Félicien Enyime Ntone and Christopher Kuaban

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:228

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Previous studies have found high levels of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder among women survivors of human trafficking. No previous research has described risk factors for di...

    Authors: Melanie Abas, Nicolae V Ostrovschi, Martin Prince, Viorel I Gorceag, Carolina Trigub and Siân Oram

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:204

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Questionnaires may help in detecting and diagnosing anxiety disorders in primary care. However, since utility of these questionnaires in target populations is rarely studied, the Patient Health Questionnaire a...

    Authors: Anna DT Muntingh, Eric W De Heer, Harm WJ Van Marwijk, Herman J Adèr, Anton JLM Van Balkom, Philip Spinhoven and Christina M Van der Feltz-Cornelis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:192

    Content type: Research article

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  23. South Africa’s unique history, characterised by apartheid, a form of constitutional racial segregation and exploitation, and a long period of political violence and state-sponsored oppression ending only in 1994,...

    Authors: Lukoye Atwoli, Dan J Stein, David R Williams, Katie A Mclaughlin, Maria Petukhova, Ronald C Kessler and Karestan C Koenen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:182

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effectiveness of a combined treatment for co-morbid Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and severe Substance Use Disorder (SUD).

    Authors: Debora van Dam, Thomas Ehring, Ellen Vedel and Paul MG Emmelkamp

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:172

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Somatoform dissociation is a specific form of dissociation with somatic manifestations represented in the form of ‘pseudoneurological’ symptoms due to disturbances or alterations of normal integrated functions...

    Authors: Petr Bob, Petra Selesova, Jiri Raboch and Lubomir Kukla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:149

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Legal status and other resettlement stressors are known to impact mental health of asylum seekers and refugees. However, the ways in which they interact with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) w...

    Authors: Boris Drožđek, Astrid M Kamperman, Wietse A Tol, Jeroen W Knipscheer and Rolf J Kleber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:148

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Most previous research that has examined mental health among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combatants has relied on self-report measures to assess mental health outcomes; few...

    Authors: Stephanie Booth-Kewley, Emily A Schmied, Robyn M Highfill-McRoy, Gerald E Larson, Cedric F Garland and Lauretta A Ziajko

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:130

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves debilitating symptoms that can disrupt cognitive functioning. The emotional Stroop has been commonly used to examine the impact of PTSD on attentional control, bu...

    Authors: Victoria Ashley, Nikki Honzel, Jary Larsen, Timothy Justus and Diane Swick

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Evidence from animal and human studies imply the amygdala as the most critical structure involved in processing of fear-relevant stimuli. In phobias, the amygdala seems to play a crucial role in the pathogenes...

    Authors: Melanie S Fisler, Andrea Federspiel, Helge Horn, Thomas Dierks, Wolfgang Schmitt, Roland Wiest, Dominique J-F de Quervain and Leila M Soravia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:70

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Several research studies investigating the effectiveness of the different treatments have demonstrated that exposure-based therapies are more suitable and effective than others for the treatment of anxiety dis...

    Authors: Federica Pallavicini, Pietro Cipresso, Simona Raspelli, Alessandra Grassi, Silvia Serino, Cinzia Vigna, Stefano Triberti, Marco Villamira, Andrea Gaggioli and Giuseppe Riva

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:52

    Content type: Research article

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  31. War-related traumata in childhood and young-adulthood may have long-lasting negative effects on mental health. The focus of recent research has shifted to examine positive adaption despite traumatic experience...

    Authors: Ulrich S Tran, Tobias M Glück and Brigitte Lueger-Schuster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Type D (distressed) personality, defined by negative affectivity and social inhibition, is related to cardiovascular outcomes. Little is known about Type D in non-Western cultures. We examined the validity of ...

    Authors: Chia-Ying Weng, Johan Denollet, Chin-Lon Lin, Tin-Kwang Lin, Wen-Chung Wang, Jyun-Ji Lin, Shu-Shu Wong and Floortje Mols

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological reaction after large-scale natural disasters. Given the number of people involved and shortage of resources in any major disaster, brief, pragmat...

    Authors: Yinyin Zang, Nigel Hunt and Tom Cox

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:41

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most commonly observed stress-related conditions following combat exposure and its effective prevention is a high health-care priority. Reports of peritraumat...

    Authors: Agorastos Agorastos, William P Nash, Sarah Nunnink, Kate A Yurgil, Abigail Goldsmith, Brett T Litz, Heather Johnson, James B Lohr and Dewleen G Baker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Preclinical and clinical studies suggest that supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids after trauma might reduce subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To date, we have shown in an open trial that PT...

    Authors: Yutaka Matsuoka, Daisuke Nishi, Naohiro Yonemoto, Kei Hamazaki, Kenta Matsumura, Hiroko Noguchi, Kenji Hashimoto and Tomohito Hamazaki

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Among trauma patients relatively high prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found. To identify opportunities for prevention and early treatment, predictors and course of PTSD need ...

    Authors: Juanita A Haagsma, Akkie N Ringburg, Esther MM van Lieshout, Ed F van Beeck, Peter Patka, Inger B Schipper and Suzanne Polinder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:236

    Content type: Research article

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  37. We have previously studied prospective associations between computer use and mental health symptoms in a selected young adult population. The purpose of this study was to investigate if high computer use is a ...

    Authors: Sara Thomée, Annika Härenstam and Mats Hagberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:176

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Limited data exists on the association of war trauma with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-depression in the general population of low-income countries. The present study aimed to evaluate socioec...

    Authors: Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne H Eide, Majok Malek Ruom and Edvard Hauff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:175

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The two most common interventions for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are pharmacological treatment with SSRIs such as paroxetine and psychological treatment such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Th...

    Authors: A Rosaura Polak, Anke B Witteveen, Rogier S Visser, Brent C Opmeer, Nienke Vulink, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys and Miranda Olff

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:166

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Nurses are an indispensable component of the work force in the health care system. However, many of them are known to work in a stressful environment which may affect their mental well-being; the situation cou...

    Authors: Yu-Qin Gao, Bo-Chen Pan, Wei Sun, Hui Wu, Jia-Na Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:141

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Asylum procedures are known to be protracted, stretching to over ten years in many host countries. International research shows high levels of distress for asylum seekers. Little is known about actual psychiat...

    Authors: Martina Heeren, Julia Mueller, Ulrike Ehlert, Ulrich Schnyder, Nadia Copiery and Thomas Maier

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:114

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The School Anxiety Scale-Teacher Report (SAS-TR) was designed to assess anxiety in children at school. The SAS-TR is a proxy rated measure and could assess social anxiety, generalized anxiety and also gives a ...

    Authors: Zahra Hajiamini, Ashraf Mohamadi, Abbas Ebadi, Ali Fathi- Ashtiani, Mahmoud Tavousi and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:82

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There is limited research on the relevance of family structures to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress following disasters. We longitudinally studied the effects of marital and parental sta...

    Authors: Egil Nygaard, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Ajmal Hussain and Trond Heir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:195

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Although there is substantial concern about negative attitudes to mental illness, little is known about the stigma associated with Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) or its measurement. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Kathleen M Griffiths, Philip J Batterham, Lisa Barney and Alison Parsons

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:184

    Content type: Research article

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