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  1. To make well informed treatment decisions for their patients, clinicians need credible information about potential risk for substantial weight gain. We therefore conducted a post-hoc analysis of clinical trial...

    Authors: Ilya Lipkovich, Jennie G Jacobson, Thomas A Hardy and Vicki Poole Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:78
  2. Obesity is often comorbid with depression and individuals with this comorbidity fare worse in behavioral weight loss treatment. Treating depression directly prior to behavioral weight loss treatment might bols...

    Authors: Kristin L Schneider, Jamie S Bodenlos, Yunsheng Ma, Barbara Olendzki, Jessica Oleski, Philip Merriam, Sybil Crawford, Ira S Ockene and Sherry L Pagoto
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:77
  3. Although deliberate self-harm is prevalent among young people, many who engage in deliberate self-harm receive sub-optimal care. Although schools are a well placed setting to support young people who engage in...

    Authors: Jo Robinson, Sara Gook, Hok Pan Yuen, Patrick D McGorry and Alison R Yung
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:75
  4. Research conducted with forensic psychiatric patients found moderate correlations between violence in institutions and psychopathy. It is unclear though, whether the PCL-R is an accurate instrument for predict...

    Authors: Jérôme Endrass, Astrid Rossegger, Frank Urbaniok, Arja Laubacher and Stefan Vetter
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:74
  5. Patients with major depression refractory to repeated pharmacological trials (TRD) may remain symptomatic for many years after their index episode. Augmentation strategies (with lithium or an atypical antipsyc...

    Authors: Yves Chaput, Annick Magnan and Alain Gendron
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:73
  6. Relatively little is known about the relationship between psychosocial crises and treatment costs for persons with schizophrenia. This naturalistic prospective study assessed the association of recent crises w...

    Authors: Baojin Zhu, Haya Ascher-Svanum, Douglas E Faries, Xiaomei Peng, David Salkever and Eric P Slade
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:72
  7. Schizophrenia has been linked with intrauterine exposure to maternal stress due to bereavement, famine and major disasters. Recent evidence suggests that human vulnerability may be greatest in the first trimes...

    Authors: D Malaspina, C Corcoran, KR Kleinhaus, MC Perrin, S Fennig, D Nahon, Y Friedlander and S Harlap
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:71
  8. A substantial proportion of the psychiatric burden of disease falls on the world's poorest nations, yet relatively little is known about randomised trials conducted in these countries. Our aim was to identify ...

    Authors: Rebecca J Syed Sheriff, Clive E Adams, Prathap Tharyan, Mahesh Jayaram and Lelia Duley
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:69
  9. Several terms in the scientific literature about posttraumatic stress disorder are used with different meanings in studies conducted by different authors. Words such as trauma, violence, catastrophe, disaster and...

    Authors: Luciana L Braga, Jose P Fiks, Jair J Mari and Marcelo F Mello
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:68
  10. Against a background of interest in rates of diabetes in schizophrenia and related psychoses and claims that data from historical periods demonstrate a link that antedates modern antipsychotics, we sought to e...

    Authors: Joanna Le Noury, Afshan Khan, Margaret Harris, Winnie Wong, Dawn Williams, Tony Roberts, Richard Tranter and David Healy
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:67
  11. Gamma-band oscillations recorded from human electrophysiological recordings, which may be associated with perceptual binding and neuronal connectivity, have been shown to be altered in people with autism. Tran...

    Authors: Donald C Rojas, Keeran Maharajh, Peter Teale and Sally J Rogers
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:66
  12. Childhood stress and trauma have been related to adult psychopathology in different psychiatric disorders. The present study aimed at verifying this relationship for stressful experiences during developmental ...

    Authors: Katja Weber, Brigitte Rockstroh, Jens Borgelt, Barbara Awiszus, Tzvetan Popov, Klaus Hoffmann, Klaus Schonauer, Hans Watzl and Karl Pröpster
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:63
  13. It is estimated that around 4% of the population engages, or has engaged, in deliberate non-suicidal self-injury. In clinical samples, the figures rise as high as 21%. There is also evidence to suggest that th...

    Authors: Claire M Kelly, Anthony F Jorm, Betty A Kitchener and Robyn L Langlands
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:62
  14. Conventional antipsychotics augmented with benzodiazepines have been the standard acute treatment for psychiatric emergencies for more than 50 years. The inability of patients to give informed consent limits r...

    Authors: Stefan Wilhelm, Alexander Schacht and Thomas Wagner
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:61
  15. Access to psychotherapy is limited by psychopathology (e.g. agoraphobia), physical disability, occupational or social constraints and/or residency in under-served areas. For these populations, interventions de...

    Authors: Penny E Bee, Peter Bower, Karina Lovell, Simon Gilbody, David Richards, Linda Gask and Pamela Roach
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:60
  16. There have been no previous studies conducted in Pakistan comparing the concordance of any well established Western anxiety/depression screening instrument with an indigenous scale, in a community based setting.

    Authors: Hammad Raza Syed, Henrik Daae Zachrisson, Odd Steffen Dalgard, Ingvild Dalen and Nora Ahlberg
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:59
  17. Based on the glutamatergic dysfunction hypothesis for schizophrenia pathogenesis, we have been performing systematic association studies of schizophrenia with the genes involved in glutametergic transmission. ...

    Authors: Xiangdong Deng, Noriaki Sagata, Naoko Takeuchi, Masami Tanaka, Hideaki Ninomiya, Nakao Iwata, Norio Ozaki, Hiroki Shibata and Yasuyuki Fukumaki
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:58
  18. After sertindole's suspension, health authorities established a specific named-patient use (NPU) programme in order to supply sertindole to patients who did not respond to or did not tolerate alternative treat...

    Authors: Christophe Lançon, Mondher Toumi, Christophe Sapin and Karina Hansen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:57
  19. There is a cultural variability around the perception of what causes the syndrome of schizophrenia. Generally patients with schizophrenia are considered dangerous. They are isolated and treatment is delayed. S...

    Authors: Syed Nabeel Zafar, Reema Syed, Sarah Tehseen, Saqib A Gowani, Sana Waqar, Amina Zubair, Wajeeha Yousaf, Akbar J Zubairi and Haider Naqvi
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:56
  20. Biological factors influencing individual response to drugs are being extensively studied in psychiatry. Strikingly, there are few studies addressing social and cultural differences in attitudes toward psychot...

    Authors: Gabriel Thorens, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Daniele F Zullino and Ariel Eytan
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:55
  21. Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are often distressed, disabled and dissatisfied with the care they receive. Illness beliefs held by patients have a major influence on the decision to consult...

    Authors: Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana, Suwin Hewege, Kethaki Sumathipala, Martin Prince and Anthony Mann
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:54
  22. An efficient screening instrument which can be used in diverse settings to predict suicide in different populations is vital. The aim of this study was to use the five-item Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-5) ...

    Authors: For-Wey Lung and Ming-Been Lee
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:53
  23. A better understanding is needed of factors behind the long-term outcome of dysthymic and panic disorders. Combining patients' perceptions of factors that help and hind remission with objective assessments of ...

    Authors: Cecilia Svanborg, Sofie Bäärnhielm, Anna Åberg Wistedt and Kim Lützen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:52
  24. Music therapy is frequently offered to individuals suffering from depression. Despite the lack of research into the effects of music therapy on this population, anecdotal evidence suggests that the results are...

    Authors: Jaakko Erkkilä, Christian Gold, Jörg Fachner, Esa Ala-Ruona, Marko Punkanen and Mauno Vanhala
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:50
  25. The Sri Lankan twin registry is one of the first to be established in a developing country, and its design has ensured sampling from a wide range of environmental conditions. It thus has great potential to exa...

    Authors: Sisira H Siribaddana, Harriet A Ball, Suwin N Hewage, Nick Glozier, Yulia Kovas, DARK Dayaratne, Athula Sumathipala, Peter McGuffin and Matthew Hotopf
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:49
  26. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene contains a functional polymorphism, Val158Met, which has been linked to anxiety and depression, but previous results are not conclusive. The aim of the present stud...

    Authors: Petter M Bækken, Frank Skorpen, Eystein Stordal, John-Anker Zwart and Knut Hagen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:48
  27. Somatoform disorders are characterized by the presence of multiple somatic symptoms without an organic cause that completely explains their symptoms.

    Authors: Rosa Magallón, Margalida Gili, Sergio Moreno, Natalia Bauzá, Javier García-Campayo, Miquel Roca, Yolanda Ruiz and Eva Andrés
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:47
  28. Most depression screening tools in Thailand are lengthy. The long process makes them impractical for routine use in primary care. This study aims to examine the reliability and validity of a Thai version Patie...

    Authors: Manote Lotrakul, Sutida Sumrithe and Ratana Saipanish
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:46
  29. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous disorder from both clinical and pathogenic viewpoints. Executive function deficits are considered among the most important pathogenic pathways...

    Authors: Sherif Karama, Natalie Grizenko, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Alysa Doyle, Joseph Biederman, Valentin Mbekou, Anna Polotskaia, Marina Ter-Stepanian, Rosherrie De Guzman, Johanne Bellingham, Sarojini Sengupta and Ridha Joober
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:45
  30. Severe pressures on beds in psychiatric services have led to the implementation of an early ("crisis") discharge policy in the Western Cape, South Africa. The study examined the effect of this policy and lengt...

    Authors: Dana JH Niehaus, Liezl Koen, Ushma Galal, Khalid Dhansay, Piet P Oosthuizen, Robin A Emsley and Esme Jordaan
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:44
  31. Depression assessment in population studies is usually based on depressive symptoms scales. However, the use of scales could lead to the choice of an arbitrary cut-off point depending on the sample characteris...

    Authors: Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, Javier Schlatter, Felipe Ortuno, Francisca Lahortiga, Jorge Pla, Silvia Benito and Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:43
  32. Little is known about the best ways for a member of the public to respond when someone in their social network develops a mental disorder. Controlled trials are not feasible in this area, so expert consensus m...

    Authors: Anthony F Jorm, Amy J Morgan and Annemarie Wright
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:42
  33. Relaxation training is a common treatment for anxiety problems. Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of anxiety reduction outc...

    Authors: Gian Mauro Manzoni, Francesco Pagnini, Gianluca Castelnuovo and Enrico Molinari
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:41
  34. The -1438A/G polymorphism of the 5-HT2A gene has been found to be associated with clinical response to clozapine and other second generation antipsychotics. Testing the impact of this marker on response to first ...

    Authors: Dalila Benmessaoud, Nora Hamdani, Claudette Boni, Nicolas Ramoz, Michel Hamon, Farid Kacha and Philip Gorwood
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:40
  35. Associations between coping with and control over psychotic symptoms were examined using the Maastricht Assessment of Coping Strategies-24, testing the hypothesis that the cognitive domain of executive functio...

    Authors: Maarten Bak, Lydia Krabbendam, Philippe Delespaul, Karola Huistra, Wil Walraven and Jim van Os
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:39
  36. The 20 year war in northern Uganda between the Lord's Resistance Army and the Ugandan government has resulted in the displacement of up to 2 million people within Uganda. The purpose of the study was to measur...

    Authors: Bayard Roberts, Kaducu Felix Ocaka, John Browne, Thomas Oyok and Egbert Sondorp
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:38
  37. The overall number of involuntary admissions is increasing in many European countries. Patients with severe mental illnesses more often progress to stages in which acute, coercive treatment is warranted. The n...

    Authors: Louk van der Post, Robert Schoevers, Vincent Koppelmans, Irene Visch, Clemens Bernardt, Niels Mulder, Aartjan Beekman, Lieuwe de Haan and Jack Dekker
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:35
  38. It has been proposed that there are abnormalities in incentive motivational processing in psychosis, possibly secondary to subcortical dopamine abnormalities, but few empirical studies have addressed this issue.

    Authors: Graham K Murray, Luke Clark, Philip R Corlett, Andrew D Blackwell, Roshan Cools, Peter B Jones, Trevor W Robbins and Luise Poustka
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:34
  39. The consequences of war violence and natural disasters on the mental health of children as well as on family dynamics remain poorly understood. Aim of the present investigation was to establish the prevalence ...

    Authors: Claudia Catani, Nadja Jacob, Elisabeth Schauer, Mahendran Kohila and Frank Neuner
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:33
  40. Pharmacological and genetic studies suggest the importance of the dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic systems in the pathogenesis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Beh...

    Authors: Kerstin Malmberg, Hanna-Linn Wargelius, Paul Lichtenstein, Lars Oreland and Jan-Olov Larsson
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:28

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