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  1. Content type: Research article

    There are few national or cross-cultural studies of the stigma associated with mental disorders. Australia and Japan have different systems of psychiatric health care, and distinct differences in cultural valu...

    Authors: Kathleen M Griffiths, Yoshibumi Nakane, Helen Christensen, Kumiko Yoshioka, Anthony F Jorm and Hideyuki Nakane

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:21

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) affects young adults and has great impact on the social, emotional and work spheres.

    Authors: Beatriz Rodriguez-Salgado, Helen Dolengevich-Segal, Manuel Arrojo-Romero, Paola Castelli-Candia, Mercedes Navio-Acosta, Maria M Perez-Rodriguez, Jeronimo Saiz-Ruiz and Enrique Baca-Garcia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:20

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Two large independent studies funded by the US government have assessed the impact of the Vietnam War on the prevalence of PTSD in US veterans. The National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS) estimate...

    Authors: William W Thompson, Irving I Gottesman and Christine Zalewski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:19

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Patient aggression is a common problem in acute psychiatric wards and calls for preventive measures. The timely use of preventive measures presupposes a preceded risk assessment. The Norwegian Brøset-Violence-...

    Authors: Christoph Abderhalden, Ian Needham, Theo Dassen, Ruud Halfens, Hans-Joachim Haug and Joachim Fischer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    People with severe mental illness (SMI) are at increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) and there is growing emphasis on the need to monitor their physical health. However, there is little con...

    Authors: Christine A Wright, David PJ Osborn, Irwin Nazareth and Michael B King

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:16

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Violence by patients against staff members in mental health institutions has become an important challenge. Violent attacks may not only cause bodily injuries but can also have posttraumatic consequences with ...

    Authors: Dirk Richter and Klaus Berger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:15

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an 8-week course developed for patients with relapsing depression that integrates mindfulness meditation practices and cognitive theory. Previous studies have demo...

    Authors: Andy Finucane and Stewart W Mercer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:14

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To date, there has been very little work investigating behaviour changes induced by interventions that are designed to increase help seeking. The present paper examines the effects of two Internet depression w...

    Authors: Helen Christensen, Liana S Leach, Lisa Barney, Andrew J Mackinnon and Kathy M Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:13

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Second generation antipsychotics (SGA) have demonstrated several advantages over first generation antipsychotics (FGA) in terms of positive, negative, cognitive, and affective symptoms and a lower propensity f...

    Authors: Ilaria Tarricone, Michela Casoria, Beatrice Ferrari Gozzi, Daniela Grieco, Marco Menchetti, Alessandro Serretti, Manjola Ujkaj, Francesca Pastorelli and Domenico Berardi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Semi-structural clinical interviews are very important in the area of mental health research and services. There were no studies of the reliability and validity of the Farsi (Persian) version of Kiddie Schedul...

    Authors: Ahmad Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi and Arash Yazdanshenas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:10

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with opioid dependence have cognitive deficits during abuse period in attention, working memory, episodic memory, and executive function. After protracted abstinence consistent cognitive deficit ha...

    Authors: Pekka Rapeli, Reetta Kivisaari, Taina Autti, Seppo Kähkönen, Varpu Puuskari, Olga Jokela and Hely Kalska

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    There is an ongoing debate over whether atypical antipsychotics are more effective than typical antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia. This naturalistic study compares atypical and typical antipsych...

    Authors: Haya Ascher-Svanum, Baojin Zhu, Douglas Faries, Ron Landbloom, Marvin Swartz and Jeff Swanson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:8

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The event-related brain response mismatch negativity (MMN) registers changes in auditory stimulation with temporal lobe sources reflecting short-term echoic memory and frontal sources a deviance-induced switch...

    Authors: Robert D Oades, Nele Wild-Wall, Stephanie A Juran, Jan Sachsse, Ljubov B Oknina and Bernd Röpcke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:7

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Schizophrenia aggregates in families and accurate diagnoses are essential for genetic studies of schizophrenia. In this study, we investigated whether siblings of patients with schizophrenia can be identified ...

    Authors: Ritva Arajärvi, Jonna Ukkola, Jari Haukka, Jaana Suvisaari, Jukka Hintikka, Timo Partonen and Jouko Lönnqvist

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:6

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate brain responses triggered by different wordclasses in dyslexic and control children. The majority of dyslexic children have difficulties to phonologically assemble a wo...

    Authors: Isabella Paul, Christof Bott, Christian Wienbruch and Thomas R Elbert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:5

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  16. Content type: Research article

    A number of reports showed en encouraging remediation in some patients' executive deficits thanks to the use of 'information processing strategies'. Moreover the impact of antipsychotics on cognitive functions...

    Authors: Alessandro Rossi, Enrico Daneluzzo, Annarita Tomassini, Francesca Struglia, Roberto Cavallaro, Enrico Smeraldi and Paolo Stratta

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:3

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Recent statistical approaches based on factor analysis of obsessive compulsive (OC) symptoms in adult patients have identified dimensions that seem more effective in symptom-based taxonomies and appear to be m...

    Authors: Richard Delorme, Arnaud Bille, Catalina Betancur, Flavie Mathieu, Nadia Chabane, Marie Christine Mouren-Simeoni and Marion Leboyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:1

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  18. Content type: Research article

    General practitioners' (GPs) diagnostic skills lead to underidentification of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) and major depressive episodes (MDE). Supplement of brief questionnaires could improve the diagn...

    Authors: Ingrid Olssøn, Arnstein Mykletun and Alv A Dahl

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Given the high prevalence of mental disorders and the comparatively low rate of professional help-seeking, it is useful for members of the public to have some skills in how to assist people developing mental d...

    Authors: Anthony F Jorm, Betty A Kitchener and Stephen K Mugford

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:43

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of insomnia and depression in the elder population is significant. It is hoped that use of light treatment for this group could provide safe, economic, and effective rapid recovery.

    Authors: Richard T Loving, Daniel F Kripke, Jeffrey A Elliott, Nancy C Knickerbocker and Michael A Grandner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:41

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Advances in both genetic and cognitive-experimental studies on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have opened new opportunities for cognitive endophenotype research. In such genetic designs the fo...

    Authors: Jonna Kuntsi, Penny Andreou, Jonathan Ma, Norbert A Börger and Jaap J van der Meere

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:40

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Previous research has shown positive effects of music therapy for people with schizophrenia and other mental disorders. In clinical practice, music therapy is often offered to psychiatric patients with low the...

    Authors: Christian Gold, Randi Rolvsjord, Leif Edvard Aaro, Trond Aarre, Lars Tjemsland and Brynjulf Stige

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Periodic catatonia is a familial subtype of schizophrenia characterized by hyperkinetic and akinetic episodes, followed by a catatonic residual syndrome. The phenotype has been evaluated in two independent gen...

    Authors: Gerald Stöber, Bernd Kohlmann, Markus Siekiera, Claudia Rubie, Micha Gawlik, Kerstin Möller-Ehrlich, Thomas Meitinger and Thomas Bettecken

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:36

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The chromosome 22q11 region is proposed as a major candidate locus for susceptibility genes to schizophrenia. Recently, the gene ZDHHC8 encoding a putative palmitoyltransferase at 22q11 was proposed to increas...

    Authors: Thomas Faul, Micha Gawlik, Martin Bauer, Sven Jung, Bruno Pfuhlmann, Burkhard Jabs, Michael Knapp and Gerald Stöber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:35

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Koro is a culture bound syndrome, which has been reported usually from Asian countries. It has been described as an acute, brief lasting illness, which often occurs in epidemics. There is no description in lit...

    Authors: Nilamadhab Kar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:34

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Surveys of the public in a range of Western countries have shown a predominant belief in social stressors as causes of mental disorders. However, there has been little direct cross-cultural comparison. Here we...

    Authors: Yoshibumi Nakane, Anthony F Jorm, Kumiko Yoshioka, Helen Christensen, Hideyuki Nakane and Kathleen M Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:33

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The characteristics of victims of immediate post-discharge suicides are not well known. We explored these characteristics for the purposes of better recognition and preventive efforts of potential immediate po...

    Authors: Sami Pirkola, Britta Sohlman and Kristian Wahlbeck

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:32

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Both animal and clinical studies have implicated serotonergic dysfunction in the pathogenesis of alcohol abuse and dependence. However the exact mechanisms involved remain unknown. Theoretically, low serotonin...

    Authors: Bavanisha Vythilingum, Charmaine J Hugo, J Stefan Maritz, Willie Pienaar and Dan J Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:31

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  29. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the psychiatrists' level of recognition of somatic symptoms associated to a major depressive episode (MDE) (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and the impact of those somatic symptoms on t...

    Authors: Jorge M Tamayo, Karis Román, Juan J Fumero and María Rivas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:28

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Prolyl Endopeptidase (PEP, EC 3.4.21.26), a cytosolic endopeptidase, hydrolyses peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of proline residue in proteins with a relatively small molecular weight. It has been shown tha...

    Authors: Naghi Momeni, Berit M Nordström, Vibeke Horstmann, Hassan Avarseji and Bengt V Sivberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:27

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Antipsychotic monotherapy is recognized as the treatment of choice for patients with schizophrenia. Simultaneous treatment with multiple antipsychotics (polypharmacy) is suggested by some expert consensus guid...

    Authors: Douglas Faries, Haya Ascher-Svanum, Baojin Zhu, Christoph Correll and John Kane

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:26

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The experience of infertility can be extremely stressful. Some of the risk factors for depression in infertility are being female, repeated unsuccessful treatment cycles or a 2 to 3 year history of infertility...

    Authors: Afsaneh Khademi, Ashraf Alleyassin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh and Ali Ahmadi Abhari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:25

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Three studies have previously reported data that were interpreted by the authors as supportive of association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms in the gene encoding the metabotropic glutamate receptor GRM3.

    Authors: Nadine Norton, Hywel J Williams, Sarah Dwyer, Dobril Ivanov, Anna C Preece, Amy Gerrish, Nigel M Williams, Pamela Yerassimou, Stanley Zammit, Michael C O'Donovan and Michael J Owen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:23

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of antipsychotics can be evaluated using the dimensional models of schizophrenic symptoms. The D2/D3-selective antagonist amisulpride has shown similar efficacy and tolerability to other atypical ant...

    Authors: Miguel Herrera-Estrella, Rogelio Apiquian, Ana Fresan and Isabel Sanchez-Torres

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:22

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Rates of trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were examined in order to compare the profile in clients of an Australian Public Mental Health Service with that reported in the international literatur...

    Authors: Irene M Howgego, Cathy Owen, Lenore Meldrum, Peter Yellowlees, Frances Dark and Ruth Parslow

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:21

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The present study was undertaken in order to determine whether a set of clinical features, which are not included in the DSM-IV or ICD-10 for Asperger Syndrome (AS), are associated with AS in particular or whe...

    Authors: Taina Nieminen-von Wendt, Juulia E Paavonen, Tero Ylisaukko-Oja, Susan Sarenius, Tiia Källman, Irma Järvelä and Lennart von Wendt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:20

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