Skip to main content

Articles

Page 77 of 87

  1. Childhood stress and trauma have been related to adult psychopathology in different psychiatric disorders. The present study aimed at verifying this relationship for stressful experiences during developmental ...

    Authors: Katja Weber, Brigitte Rockstroh, Jens Borgelt, Barbara Awiszus, Tzvetan Popov, Klaus Hoffmann, Klaus Schonauer, Hans Watzl and Karl Pröpster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. It is estimated that around 4% of the population engages, or has engaged, in deliberate non-suicidal self-injury. In clinical samples, the figures rise as high as 21%. There is also evidence to suggest that th...

    Authors: Claire M Kelly, Anthony F Jorm, Betty A Kitchener and Robyn L Langlands

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:62

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Conventional antipsychotics augmented with benzodiazepines have been the standard acute treatment for psychiatric emergencies for more than 50 years. The inability of patients to give informed consent limits r...

    Authors: Stefan Wilhelm, Alexander Schacht and Thomas Wagner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Access to psychotherapy is limited by psychopathology (e.g. agoraphobia), physical disability, occupational or social constraints and/or residency in under-served areas. For these populations, interventions de...

    Authors: Penny E Bee, Peter Bower, Karina Lovell, Simon Gilbody, David Richards, Linda Gask and Pamela Roach

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. There have been no previous studies conducted in Pakistan comparing the concordance of any well established Western anxiety/depression screening instrument with an indigenous scale, in a community based setting.

    Authors: Hammad Raza Syed, Henrik Daae Zachrisson, Odd Steffen Dalgard, Ingvild Dalen and Nora Ahlberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Based on the glutamatergic dysfunction hypothesis for schizophrenia pathogenesis, we have been performing systematic association studies of schizophrenia with the genes involved in glutametergic transmission. ...

    Authors: Xiangdong Deng, Noriaki Sagata, Naoko Takeuchi, Masami Tanaka, Hideaki Ninomiya, Nakao Iwata, Norio Ozaki, Hiroki Shibata and Yasuyuki Fukumaki

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. After sertindole's suspension, health authorities established a specific named-patient use (NPU) programme in order to supply sertindole to patients who did not respond to or did not tolerate alternative treat...

    Authors: Christophe Lançon, Mondher Toumi, Christophe Sapin and Karina Hansen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:57

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. There is a cultural variability around the perception of what causes the syndrome of schizophrenia. Generally patients with schizophrenia are considered dangerous. They are isolated and treatment is delayed. S...

    Authors: Syed Nabeel Zafar, Reema Syed, Sarah Tehseen, Saqib A Gowani, Sana Waqar, Amina Zubair, Wajeeha Yousaf, Akbar J Zubairi and Haider Naqvi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Biological factors influencing individual response to drugs are being extensively studied in psychiatry. Strikingly, there are few studies addressing social and cultural differences in attitudes toward psychot...

    Authors: Gabriel Thorens, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Daniele F Zullino and Ariel Eytan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:55

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are often distressed, disabled and dissatisfied with the care they receive. Illness beliefs held by patients have a major influence on the decision to consult...

    Authors: Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana, Suwin Hewege, Kethaki Sumathipala, Martin Prince and Anthony Mann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. An efficient screening instrument which can be used in diverse settings to predict suicide in different populations is vital. The aim of this study was to use the five-item Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-5) ...

    Authors: For-Wey Lung and Ming-Been Lee

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. A better understanding is needed of factors behind the long-term outcome of dysthymic and panic disorders. Combining patients' perceptions of factors that help and hind remission with objective assessments of ...

    Authors: Cecilia Svanborg, Sofie Bäärnhielm, Anna Åberg Wistedt and Kim Lützen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Music therapy is frequently offered to individuals suffering from depression. Despite the lack of research into the effects of music therapy on this population, anecdotal evidence suggests that the results are...

    Authors: Jaakko Erkkilä, Christian Gold, Jörg Fachner, Esa Ala-Ruona, Marko Punkanen and Mauno Vanhala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:50

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  14. The Sri Lankan twin registry is one of the first to be established in a developing country, and its design has ensured sampling from a wide range of environmental conditions. It thus has great potential to exa...

    Authors: Sisira H Siribaddana, Harriet A Ball, Suwin N Hewage, Nick Glozier, Yulia Kovas, DARK Dayaratne, Athula Sumathipala, Peter McGuffin and Matthew Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:49

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene contains a functional polymorphism, Val158Met, which has been linked to anxiety and depression, but previous results are not conclusive. The aim of the present stud...

    Authors: Petter M Bækken, Frank Skorpen, Eystein Stordal, John-Anker Zwart and Knut Hagen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Somatoform disorders are characterized by the presence of multiple somatic symptoms without an organic cause that completely explains their symptoms.

    Authors: Rosa Magallón, Margalida Gili, Sergio Moreno, Natalia Bauzá, Javier García-Campayo, Miquel Roca, Yolanda Ruiz and Eva Andrés

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:47

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  17. Most depression screening tools in Thailand are lengthy. The long process makes them impractical for routine use in primary care. This study aims to examine the reliability and validity of a Thai version Patie...

    Authors: Manote Lotrakul, Sutida Sumrithe and Ratana Saipanish

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous disorder from both clinical and pathogenic viewpoints. Executive function deficits are considered among the most important pathogenic pathways...

    Authors: Sherif Karama, Natalie Grizenko, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Alysa Doyle, Joseph Biederman, Valentin Mbekou, Anna Polotskaia, Marina Ter-Stepanian, Rosherrie De Guzman, Johanne Bellingham, Sarojini Sengupta and Ridha Joober

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Severe pressures on beds in psychiatric services have led to the implementation of an early ("crisis") discharge policy in the Western Cape, South Africa. The study examined the effect of this policy and lengt...

    Authors: Dana JH Niehaus, Liezl Koen, Ushma Galal, Khalid Dhansay, Piet P Oosthuizen, Robin A Emsley and Esme Jordaan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Depression assessment in population studies is usually based on depressive symptoms scales. However, the use of scales could lead to the choice of an arbitrary cut-off point depending on the sample characteris...

    Authors: Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, Javier Schlatter, Felipe Ortuno, Francisca Lahortiga, Jorge Pla, Silvia Benito and Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:43

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Little is known about the best ways for a member of the public to respond when someone in their social network develops a mental disorder. Controlled trials are not feasible in this area, so expert consensus m...

    Authors: Anthony F Jorm, Amy J Morgan and Annemarie Wright

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Relaxation training is a common treatment for anxiety problems. Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of anxiety reduction outc...

    Authors: Gian Mauro Manzoni, Francesco Pagnini, Gianluca Castelnuovo and Enrico Molinari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. The -1438A/G polymorphism of the 5-HT2A gene has been found to be associated with clinical response to clozapine and other second generation antipsychotics. Testing the impact of this marker on response to first ...

    Authors: Dalila Benmessaoud, Nora Hamdani, Claudette Boni, Nicolas Ramoz, Michel Hamon, Farid Kacha and Philip Gorwood

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Associations between coping with and control over psychotic symptoms were examined using the Maastricht Assessment of Coping Strategies-24, testing the hypothesis that the cognitive domain of executive functio...

    Authors: Maarten Bak, Lydia Krabbendam, Philippe Delespaul, Karola Huistra, Wil Walraven and Jim van Os

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The 20 year war in northern Uganda between the Lord's Resistance Army and the Ugandan government has resulted in the displacement of up to 2 million people within Uganda. The purpose of the study was to measur...

    Authors: Bayard Roberts, Kaducu Felix Ocaka, John Browne, Thomas Oyok and Egbert Sondorp

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The overall number of involuntary admissions is increasing in many European countries. Patients with severe mental illnesses more often progress to stages in which acute, coercive treatment is warranted. The n...

    Authors: Louk van der Post, Robert Schoevers, Vincent Koppelmans, Irene Visch, Clemens Bernardt, Niels Mulder, Aartjan Beekman, Lieuwe de Haan and Jack Dekker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:35

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. It has been proposed that there are abnormalities in incentive motivational processing in psychosis, possibly secondary to subcortical dopamine abnormalities, but few empirical studies have addressed this issue.

    Authors: Graham K Murray, Luke Clark, Philip R Corlett, Andrew D Blackwell, Roshan Cools, Peter B Jones, Trevor W Robbins and Luise Poustka

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:34

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The consequences of war violence and natural disasters on the mental health of children as well as on family dynamics remain poorly understood. Aim of the present investigation was to establish the prevalence ...

    Authors: Claudia Catani, Nadja Jacob, Elisabeth Schauer, Mahendran Kohila and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Pharmacological and genetic studies suggest the importance of the dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic systems in the pathogenesis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Beh...

    Authors: Kerstin Malmberg, Hanna-Linn Wargelius, Paul Lichtenstein, Lars Oreland and Jan-Olov Larsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Cognitive reserve is thought to influence the degree of neuropathology needed for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Cognitive reserve can be operationally defined as the hypothesized capacity of the mature ...

    Authors: John M Starr and Jane Lonie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Studies of family reactions following teenage suicide are hampered by the psychological difficulties of approaching families and recruiting an unbiased sample of study subjects. By using a small but consecutiv...

    Authors: Per Lindqvist, Lars Johansson and Urban Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. To investigate and compare the predictors of personal and perceived stigma associated with depression.

    Authors: Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen and Anthony F Jorm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The aim of this study was to bring together all the results of in vivo studies of ethane excretion and cerebral spectroscopy in patients with schizophrenia who have dangerously seriously violently offended in ord...

    Authors: Ian H Treasaden and Basant K Puri

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  34. The aim was to carry out the first voxel-based morphometry study of grey matter changes in the whole brain in schizophrenia associated with a history of seriously and violently offending.

    Authors: Basant K Puri, Serena J Counsell, Nadeem Saeed, Marcelo G Bustos, Ian H Treasaden and Graeme M Bydder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  35. Cigarette smoking is believed to cause oxidative stress by several mechanisms, including direct damage by radical species and the inflammatory response induced by smoking, and would therefore be expected to ca...

    Authors: Basant K Puri, Ian H Treasaden, Massimo Cocchi, Sofia Tsaluchidu, Lucio Tonello and Brian M Ross

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  36. The range of the fatty acids has been largely investigated in the plasma and erythrocytes of patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders. In this paper we investigate, for the first time, whether the st...

    Authors: Massimo Cocchi, Lucio Tonello, Sofia Tsaluchidu and Basant K Puri

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  37. This study tested the hypothesis that exhaled ethane is a biomarker of cerebral n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation in humans. Ethane is released specifically following peroxidation of n-3 polyunsaturated...

    Authors: Basant K Puri, Serena J Counsell, Brian M Ross, Gavin Hamilton, Marcelo G Bustos and Ian H Treasaden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  38. Chronic tinnitus is a frequent condition, which can have enormous impact on patient's life and which is very difficult to treat. Accumulating data indicate that chronic tinnitus is related to dysfunctional neu...

    Authors: Michael Landgrebe, Harald Binder, Michael Koller, Yvonne Eberl, Tobias Kleinjung, Peter Eichhammer, Erika Graf, Goeran Hajak and Berthold Langguth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:23

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Personality traits are considered risk factors for drug use, and, in turn, the psychoactive substances impact individuals' traits. Furthermore, there is increasing interest in developing treatment approaches t...

    Authors: Antonio Terracciano, Corinna E Löckenhoff, Rosa M Crum, O Joseph Bienvenu and Paul T Costa Jr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Featured videos

View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals