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  1. Personality traits may form a part of the aetiology of opioid dependence. For instance, opioid dependence may result from self-medication in emotionally unstable individuals, or from experimenting with drugs i...

    Authors: Hege Kornør and Hilmar Nordvik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:37

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The validity of traditional categorical personality disorder diagnoses is currently re-evaluated from a continuous perspective, and the evolving DSM-V classification may describe personality disorders dimensio...

    Authors: Roope Tikkanen, Matti Holi, Nina Lindberg and Matti Virkkunen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:36

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Published methods for assessing remission in schizophrenia are variable and none have been definitively validated or standardized. Andreasen et al (2005) suggest systematic operational criteria using eight PAN...

    Authors: Mark GA Opler, Lawrence H Yang, Sue Caleo and Philip Alberti

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:35

    Content type: Research article

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  4. People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, lev...

    Authors: Harry Minas, Steven Klimidis and Can Tuncer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:34

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although a number of studies have assessed the management of mania in routine clinical practice, no studies have so far evaluated the short- and long-term management and outcome of patients affected by bipolar...

    Authors: Cesario Bellantuono, Alessandra Barraco, Andrea Rossi and Iris Goetz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:33

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although major depression (MD) is associated with high levels of disability, the relationships between cognitive dysfunction and self-rated disability are poorly understood. This study examined the relationshi...

    Authors: Sharon L Naismith, Wendy A Longley, Elizabeth M Scott and Ian B Hickie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:32

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Co-morbidity with substance use disorders negatively influences overall functioning in patients with psychosis. However, frequencies and courses of risky use of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes are rarely investi...

    Authors: Gunilla Cruce and Agneta Öjehagen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:31

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A high prevalence of lifetime psychiatric disorders among help-seeking substance abusers has been clearly established. However, the long-term course of psychiatric disorders and mental distress among help-seek...

    Authors: Kjell Bakken, Anne Signe Landheim and Per Vaglum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:29

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Patients with severe mental illness are at increased risk for metabolic and cardiovascular disease. A number of recent guidelines and consensus statements recommend stringent monitoring of metabolic function i...

    Authors: Paul Mackin, David R Bishop and Helen MO Watkinson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:28

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is shown to be effective in many psychiatric illnesses, but its distorted projection by the Pakistani media and its unregulated use by many physicians across the country have ad...

    Authors: Mehreen Arshad, Ahmad Zafir Arham, Mansoor Arif, Maria Bano, Ayisha Bashir, Munira Bokutz, Maria Maqbool Choudhary, Haider Naqvi and Murad Moosa Khan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:27

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a genetically influenced condition although indicators of environmental risk including maternal smoking during pregnancy, low birth weight and low social clas...

    Authors: Kate Langley, Peter A Holmans, Marianne BM van den Bree and Anita Thapar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:26

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Evidence suggests that white matter integrity may play an underlying pathophysiological role in schizophrenia. N-acetylaspartate (NAA), as measured by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS), is a neuronal marke...

    Authors: Cheuk Y Tang, Joseph Friedman, Dikoma Shungu, Linda Chang, Thomas Ernst, Daniel Stewart, Arash Hajianpour, David Carpenter, Johnny Ng, Xiangling Mao, Patrick R Hof, Monte S Buchsbaum, Kenneth Davis and Jack M Gorman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:25

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The weight of evidence suggests that women who freely choose to terminate a pregnancy are unlikely to experience significant mental health risks, however some studies have documented psychological distress in ...

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Todd Ericksen, Peter Labuschgne, Renee de Wit, Dan J Stein and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:24

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Epidemiologic estimates are now available for a variety of parameters related to major depression epidemiology (incidence, prevalence, etc.). These estimates are potentially useful for policy and planning purp...

    Authors: Scott B Patten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:23

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric disease affecting about 1% of population. One major problem in the treatment is finding the right the drug for the right patients. However, pharmacogenetic results in psyc...

    Authors: Sami Anttila, Olli Kampman, Ari Illi, Riikka Rontu, Terho Lehtimäki and Esa Leinonen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:22

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We are conducting a genetic study of autism in the isolated population of the Central Valley of Costa Rica (CVCR). A novel Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) missense variant (exon 11 G>T) was recently associated with psycho...

    Authors: Lynne A McInnes, Leonid Ouchanov, Alisa Nakamine, Patricia Jimenez, Marcela Esquivel, Marietha Fallas, Silvia Monge, Pamela Bondy and Elina R Manghi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:21

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Earlier studies have shown that people with low level of education have increased rates of mental health problems. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association between level of education and ...

    Authors: Odd Steffen Dalgard, Arnstein Mykletun, Marit Rognerud, Rune Johansen and Per Henrik Zahl

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:20

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Bulimia Nervosa (BN) is believed to be caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Previous studies support the existence of a bulimia-related endophenotype as well as disturbances in seroto...

    Authors: Anu K Koskela, Anna Keski-Rahkonen, Elina Sihvola, Tomi Kauppinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Aapo Ahonen and Aila Rissanen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:19

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The efficacy of combined psychotherapy and benzodiazepine treatment for panic disorder is still unclear despite its widespread use. The present systematic review aims to examine its efficacy compared with eith...

    Authors: Norio Watanabe, Rachel Churchill and Toshi A Furukawa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:18

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Acculturation is one of the determinants of mental health among immigrants. Evaluating adaptation to the host culture is insufficient, since immigrants will develop various degrees of bi- or multicultural iden...

    Authors: Ariel Eytan, Nuria Jene-Petschen and Marianne Gex-Fabry

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:17

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Long-term follow-up studies of people with schizophrenia report stability of cognitive performance; less is known about any shorter-term changes in cognitive function.

    Authors: Jennifer H Barnett, Tim J Croudace, Sue Jaycock, Candice Blackwell, Fiona Hynes, Barbara J Sahakian, Eileen M Joyce and Peter B Jones

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:16

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Not only the prevalence, but also the progress of metabolic abnormalities in schizophrenic patients is of importance for treatment planning and policy making. However, there have been very few prospective stud...

    Authors: Manit Srisurapanont, Surinporn Likhitsathian, Vudhichai Boonyanaruthee, Chawanun Charnsilp and Ngamwong Jarusuraisin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:14

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based therapy (Interapy) for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a German speaking population. Also, the quality of the online therape...

    Authors: Christine Knaevelsrud and Andreas Maercker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:13

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Although depression has been regarded as a major public health problem, many individuals with depression still remain undetected or untreated. Despite the potential for Internet-based tools to greatly improve ...

    Authors: Chao-Cheng Lin, Ya-Mei Bai, Chia-Yih Liu, Mei-Chun Hsiao, Jen-Yeu Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Chen Ouyang, Chia-hsuan Wu and Yu-Chuan Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:12

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable disorder of childhood characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Molecular genetic and pharmacological studies...

    Authors: Xiaohui Xu, Keeley Brookes, Chih-Ken Chen, Yu-Shu Huang, Yu-Yu Wu and Philip Asherson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric condition that commonly requires prophylactic and episodic treatment. Lithium (Li) has been used for over 40 years now as an effective prophylactic agent. Response ...

    Authors: Firoza Mamdani, Adolfo Sequeira, Martin Alda, Paul Grof, Guy Rouleau and Gustavo Turecki

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It has been asserted that psychological responses to disasters in children and adolescents vary widely across cultures, but this has rarely been investigated. The objectives of the study were to clinically eva...

    Authors: Nilamadhab Kar, Prasanta K Mohapatra, Kailash C Nayak, Pratiti Pattanaik, Sarada P Swain and Harish C Kar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common and severe form of mental illness characterised by repeated relapses of mania or depression. Pharmacotherapy is the main treatment currently offered, but this has only limited...

    Authors: Fiona Lobban, Carol Gamble, Peter Kinderman, Lee Taylor, Claire Chandler, Elizabeth Tyler, Sarah Peters, Eleanor Pontin, William Sellwood and Richard K Morriss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. We wanted to use a Punjabi version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to enable non-English speaking patients to participate in a clinical trial. The aim of the study was to translate and vali...

    Authors: Deirdre A Lane, Jagdish Jajoo, Rod S Taylor, Gregory YH Lip and Kate Jolly

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The dogma of a delayed onset of antipsychotic treatment effects has been maintained over the past decades. However, recent studies have challenged this concept. We therefore performed an analysis of the onset ...

    Authors: Thomas J Raedler, Andreas Schreiner, Dieter Naber and Klaus Wiedemann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:4

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Few data are available on subjects presenting to acute wards for the first time with psychotic symptoms. The aims of this paper are (i) to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients ...

    Authors: Andrea Ballerini, Roberto M Boccalon, Giancarlo Boncompagni, Massimo Casacchia, Francesco Margari, Lina Minervini, Roberto Righi, Federico Russo, Andrea Salteri, Sonia Frediani, Andrea Rossi and Marco Scatigna

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Psychiatric treatment of suicidal youths is often difficult and non-compliance in treatment is a significant problem. This prospective study compared characteristics and changes in cognitive functioning, self ...

    Authors: Ulla Hintikka, Mauri Marttunen, Mirjami Pelkonen, Eila Laukkanen, Heimo Viinamäki and Johannes Lehtonen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Depressive disorders are common, cause considerable disability, and do not always respond to standard therapy (psychotherapy, antidepressants). Anthroposophic treatment for depression differs from ordinary tre...

    Authors: Harald J Hamre, Claudia M Witt, Anja Glockmann, Renatus Ziegler, Stefan N Willich and Helmut Kiene

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although differences in brain anatomy in autism have been difficult to replicate using manual tracing methods, automated whole brain analyses have begun to find consistent differences in regions of the brain a...

    Authors: Donald C Rojas, Eric Peterson, Erin Winterrowd, Martin L Reite, Sally J Rogers and Jason R Tregellas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:56

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The growing tendency among opioid addicts to misuse multiple other drugs should lead clinicians and researchers to search for new pharmacological strategies in order to prevent life-threatening complications a...

    Authors: Øistein Kristensen, Terje Lølandsmo, Åse Isaksen, John-Kåre Vederhus and Thomas Clausen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:54

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been proposed as an important pathogenic factor in depression. Genetic variants of FKBP5, a protein of the HPA system modulating the glucoco...

    Authors: Micha Gawlik, Kerstin Moller-Ehrlich, Meinhard Mende, Michael Jovnerovski, Sven Jung, Burkhard Jabs, Michael Knapp and Gerald Stoeber

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The Working Together For Mental Health course is an 8-hour course designed to demystify mental illness and mental health services. The main target group for the course is people working in human service organi...

    Authors: Pam Grootemaat, Cathie Gillan, Gillian Holt, Wayne Forward, Narelle Heywood and Sue Willis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:50

    Content type: Research article

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  38. "Michael's game" is a card game which aims at familiarizing healthcare professionals and patients with cognitive behavioral therapy of psychotic symptoms. This naturalistic study tests the feasibility and the ...

    Authors: Yasser Khazaal, Jérôme Favrod, Joël Libbrecht, Sophie Claude Finot, Silke Azoulay, Laetitia Benzakin, Myriam Oury-Delamotte, Christian Follack and Valentino Pomini

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:48

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Demonstrating an association between physical malformation and schizophrenia could be considered supportive of a neurodevelopmental origin of schizophrenia and may offer insights into a critical period for the...

    Authors: Liezl Koen, Dana JH Niehaus, Greetje De Jong, Jacqueline E Muller and Esme Jordaan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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