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Table 3 T0, T6, T12, T24 comparisons during the first year of the study: rating scales.

From: Supervised team management, with or without structured psychotherapy, in heavy users of a mental health service with borderline personality disorder: a two-year follow-up preliminary randomized study

VARIABLE Times of observation GLM* p< GLM** p<
  T0
(17 vs 18)
T3
(17 vs 18)
T6
(16 vs 17)
T12
(16 vs 17)
    
CGI Item 1         
STM 3.8 ± .8 3.2 ± .8 3.3 ± .7 3.3 ± 1.0 8.47 .000° 1.33 .258
SB-APP 4.3 ± 1.0 3.7 ± 1.1 3.6 ± 1.1 3.3 ± 1.1     
GAF         
STM 57.4 ± 9.9 64.1 ± 7.8 65.9 ± 11.6 65.9 ± 11.2 11.61 .000° 2.31 .081
SB-APP 60.2 ± 9.1 62.5 ± 12.2 62.3 ± 12.4 66.4 ± 13.0     
CGI-M 1         
STM 3.4 ± 1.4 3.1 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.1 23.27 .000° 2.55 .060
SB-APP 4.2 ± 1.2 3.5 ± 1.6 2.8 ± 1.2 2.6 ± 1.1     
CGI-M 2         
STM 3.1 ± 1.4 3.0 ± 1.5 2.9 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.1 17.68 .000° 2.88 .040°°
SB-APP 4.3 ± 1.5 3.8 ± 1.3 3.2 ± 1.2 2.8 ± 1.3     
CGI-M 3         
STM 3.2 ± 1.5 2.7 ± 1.1 2.4 ± 1.1 2.2 ± .1 19.69 .000° .24 .869
SB-APP 4.4 ± 1.0 3.9 ± 1.1 3.3 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.2     
CGI-M 4         
STM 2.6 ± 1.3 2.5 ± .7 2.2 ± 1.0 1.8 ± 1.1 18.14 .000° 3.24 .025°°
SB-APP 3.5 ± 1.4 2.6 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.0     
CGI-M 5         
STM 2.1 ± 1.5 1.7 ± 1.0 1.6 ± .7 1.4 ± .7 25.03 .000° 6.09 .019°°
SB-APP 3.5 ± 1.9 2.9 ± 1.9 1.8 ± .8 1.5 ± .8     
CGI-M 6         
STM 2.8 ± 1.3 2.7 ± 1.0 2.4 ± .9 2.2 ± .9 9.61 .000° 1.42 .241
SB-APP 4.3 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.5 3.3 ± 1.4 2.9 ± 1.4     
CGI-M 7         
STM 3.2 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.3 2.8 ± 1.2 2.6 ± 1.1 19.23 .000° 2.50 .009°°
SB-APP 4.2 ± 1.2 3.7 ± 1.4 3.4 ± 1.2 2.8 ± .8     
CGI-M 8         
STM 3.4 ± 1.2 3.3 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.1 2.6 ± 1.1 12.32 .000° .64 .592
SB-APP 3.6 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.2 2.6 ± 1.4     
CGI-M 9         
STM 2.4 ± 1.1 2.2 ± 1.1 1.6 ± .9 1.6 ± .9 10.77 .000° 1.87 -139
SB-APP 2.9 ± 1.9 2.7 ± 1.8 2.7 ± 1.8 2.3 ± 1.5     
  1. STM = Supervised Team Management group; SB-APP = Sequential Brief Adlerian Psychodynamic Psychotherapy group; CGI Item 1: Clinical Global Impression; CGI-M: CGI modified for BPD subjects. Items: 1) fear of abandonment; 2) disturbed relationships; 3) identity distortion; 4) impulsivity; 5) suicidality; 6) affective instability; 7) chronic feelings of emptiness; 8) anger reactions; 9) dissociative symptoms. * = changes within individuals; ** = differences between treatment groups; post-hoc ° = T12 < T6 < T3, T1; °° = SB-APP group showed a greater tendency toward improvement. df = 3