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  1. Substance use disorders are reliably associated with high impulsivity and sensation seeking. Importantly, both precede problematic substance use, implicating them as risk factors. Individuals with substance us...

    Authors: Malin K. Hildebrandt, Raoul Dieterich and Tanja Endrass

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research

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  2. Functional degradation among community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia can negatively influence their recovery. Given the importance of patient empowerment during recovery, this study examined the mediati...

    Authors: Kuen Tai Lee, Shih Kai Lee, Mei Jou Lu, Wen Ling Hsieh and Wen I. Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:241

    Content type: Research

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  3. The aim was to explore the associations between clinical symptoms, demographic variables, social and neurocognitive functioning in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) stratified by subgroups of DSM-IV...

    Authors: Xinyu Liu, Xiaojuan Ma, Wenchen Wang, Jian Zhang, Xia Sun, Xingguang Luo and Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:240

    Content type: Research

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  4. Improving care for patients with severe mental illness in Latin America requires effective strategies that are low-cost. One such strategy is a volunteering scheme, referred to as befriending, which seeks to s...

    Authors: Felipe Botero-Rodríguez, María Camila Hernandez, José Miguel Uribe-Restrepo, Camilo Cabariqe, Catherine Fung, Stefan Priebe and Carlos Gómez-Restrepo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:239

    Content type: Research

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  5. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) has been proposed as a reliable and valid screening instrument for depressive symptoms with one latent factor. However, studies explicitly testing alternative model s...

    Authors: Ana N. Tibubos, Daniëlle Otten, Daniela Zöller, Harald Binder, Philipp S. Wild, Toni Fleischer, Hamimatunnisa Johar, Seryan Atasoy, Lara Schulze, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Georg Schomerus, Birgit Linkohr, Hans J. Grabe, Johannes Kruse, Carsten-Oliver Schmidt, Thomas Münzel…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research

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  6. Maintaining the therapeutic care of psychiatric patients during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland required changes to the way in which sessions were conducted, such as telepsychiatric inte...

    Authors: Helen Wyler, Michael Liebrenz, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Erich Seifritz, Susan Young, Pascal Burger and Anna Buadze

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research

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  7. Consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP)—professional psychiatric care provided to coordinate with surgical or medical treatment of inpatients with psychiatric disorders—was included in universal health coverage ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shinjo, Hisateru Tachimori, Keiko Maruyama-Sakurai, Kenji Fujimori, Norihiko Inoue and Kiyohide Fushimi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Eating Disorders Genetics Initiative (EDGI) is an international investigation exploring the role of genes and environment in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder.

    Authors: Cynthia M. Bulik, Laura M. Thornton, Richard Parker, Hannah Kennedy, Jessica H. Baker, Casey MacDermod, Jerry Guintivano, Lana Cleland, Allison L. Miller, Lauren Harper, Janne T. Larsen, Zeynep Yilmaz, Jakob Grove, Patrick F. Sullivan, Liselotte V. Petersen, Jennifer Jordan…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:234

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Several evidence-based psychotherapeutic treatment options are available for depression, but the treatment results could be improved. The D*Phase study directly compares short-term psychodynamic supportive psy...

    Authors: M. F. Miggiels, P. M. ten Klooster, S. Bremer-Hoeve, J. J. M. Dekker, M. J. H. Huibers, E. Reefhuis, H. L. Van and M. K. van Dijk

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:233

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. This study investigated cognitive and emotional functioning in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders (DICCD).

    Authors: Yuncheng Zhu, Li Liu, Daoliang Yang, Haifeng Ji, Tianming Huang, Lianxue Xue, Xixi Jiang, Kaiyun Li, Lily Tao, Qing Cai and Yiru Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:232

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Crisis resolution teams (CRTs) are specialized multidisciplinary teams intended to provide assessment and short-term outpatient or home treatment as an alternative to hospital admission for people experiencing...

    Authors: N. Hasselberg, K. H. Holgersen, G. M. Uverud, J. Siqveland, B. Lloyd-Evans, S. Johnson and T. Ruud

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research

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  12. There has been growing concern in the UK over recent years that a perceived mental health crisis is affecting children and adolescents, although published epidemiological evidence is limited.

    Authors: Lukasz Cybulski, Darren M. Ashcroft, Matthew J. Carr, Shruti Garg, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur and Roger T. Webb

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research

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  13. Our goal was to accurately detect young children at risk for long-term psychiatric disturbances after potentially traumatic experiences in the course of relocation. In addition to detailed assessment of parent...

    Authors: Andrea Hahnefeld, Thorsten Sukale, Elena Weigand, Katharina Münch, Sigrid Aberl, Lea V. Eckler, Davin Schmidt, Anna Friedmann, Paul L. Plener, Jörg M. Fegert and Volker Mall

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:228

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Counselling in Primary Care service (CIPC) is the first and only nationally available public counselling service in the Republic of Ireland. This study provides initial data for the effectiveness of short-...

    Authors: Charles Brand, Fiona Ward, Niamh MacDonagh, Sharon Cunningham and Ladislav Timulak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:227

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with antisocial behaviour. Several studies have shown high rates of ADHD among prisoners. However, the prevalence of crime among individuals with...

    Authors: Espen Anker, Ylva Ginsberg and Trond Heir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research

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  16. Various rehabilitation services and return-to-work programs have been developed in order to reduce sickness absence and increase sustainable return-to-work. To ensure that people with a high risk of not return...

    Authors: Miriam Markus, Nina Gabriel, Markus Bassler and Matthias Bethge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:225

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. The psychosocial impact of previous infectious disease outbreaks in adults has been well documented, however, there is limited information on the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and chi...

    Authors: Basema Saddik, Amal Hussein, Ammar Albanna, Iffat Elbarazi, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Mohamad-Hani Temsah, Fatemeh Saheb Sharif-Askari, Emmanuel Stip, Qutayba Hamid and Rabih Halwani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:224

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Assessment of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia is becoming a part of clinical and research practice by using batteries that differ widely in their content. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophreni...

    Authors: Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid, Georges Haddad, Jean-Pierre Clément and Benjamin Calvet

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In the context of growing concerns about seafarers’ mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of psychosocial distress among seafarers of ocea...

    Authors: Fereshteh Baygi, Nami Mohammadian Khonsari, Arash Agoushi, Saeed Hassani Gelsefid, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi and Mostafa Qorbani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:222

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Simon Sanwald, Katharina Widenhorn-Müller, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Christian Montag and Markus Kiefer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:220

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:167

  21. Child and adolescent mental health problems are urgent health issues in low- and middle-income countries. To promote child and adolescent mental health services, simple validated screening tools are helpful. I...

    Authors: Ai Aoki, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Nyam Naranbaatar, Zuunnast Khishigsuren, Lkagvasuren Gundegmaa, Shagdar Bat-Erdene, Bolorchimeg Munkhbaatar, Rintaro Mori, Akihito Kikuchi, Hideaki Soya, Kiyoto Kasai and Kenji Takehara

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Social support is an important factor for individual’s mental health. However, the association between social support and depressive symptoms among physicians in China’ tertiary hospitals has not been explored...

    Authors: Chang Fu, Guowen Wang, Xiuxin Shi and Fenglin Cao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research

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  23. Around 25 to 30% of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) do not respond to treatment. These patients have the longest duration of disease and the worst prognosis. Following years of research on th...

    Authors: Lucas Manarte, António R. Andrade, Linete do Rosário, Daniel Sampaio, Maria Luísa Figueira, Pedro Morgado and Barbara J. Sahakian

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research

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  24. A diagnosis of dementia in middle-aged and elder people is often complicated by physical frailty and comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs). Previous studies have identified NPSs as a risk factor for dement...

    Authors: Yuan Shao, Haiyun Xu, Jian Wang, Xijian Dai, Wei Liang, Lina Ren and Yongjun Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research

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  25. Given that psychopharmacological approaches routinely used to treat mood-related problems may result in adverse outcomes in mood dysregulated adolescents at familial risk for bipolar disorder (BD), Mindfulness...

    Authors: Kun Qin, Du Lei, Jing Yang, Wenbin Li, Maxwell J. Tallman, Luis Rodrigo Patino Duran, Thomas J. Blom, Kaitlyn M. Bruns, Sian Cotton, John A. Sweeney, Qiyong Gong and Melissa P. DelBello

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research

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  26. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic with serious consequences that have led to the implementation of unprecedented social isolation measures. At the early stages of the pandemic, E...

    Authors: Hans Mautong, Jorge Andrés Gallardo-Rumbea, Geovanny Efraín Alvarado-Villa, Juan Carlos Fernández-Cadena, Derly Andrade-Molina, Carlos Enrique Orellana-Román and Iván Cherrez-Ojeda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research

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  27. Stigma associated with mental disorders is rooted among many pharmacists, and represents a major barrier to patient support in community-based psychiatry. We developed an assessment scale that is specifically ...

    Authors: Tomoo Fujii, Manako Hanya, Kenta Murotani and Hiroyuki Kamei

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Family violence against transgender people is a common issue and affects their mental health. Very few if any interventions have been designed to reduce family violence against transgender youths. This RCT wil...

    Authors: Mahdieh Damanpak-Rizi, Farnaz Farnam and Parisa Khodakhah

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research

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  29. It is estimated that up to 75% of patients with severe mental illness (SMI) also have substance use disorder (SUD). The aim of this systematic review was to explore the scope, quality and inclusivity of intern...

    Authors: Ray Alsuhaibani, Douglas Cary Smith, Richard Lowrie, Sumayah Aljhani and Vibhu Paudyal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Pregnancy is a challenging period for mothers and fathers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling on stress and anxiety levels of fathers.

    Authors: Maryam Mohammadpour, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Jamileh Malakouti, Mehriar Nadar Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Empirical evidence supporting the distinction between suicide attempt (SA) and non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) is lacking. Although NSSH is a risk factor for SA, we do not currently know whether these behaviours...

    Authors: Abigail Emma Russell, Gibran Hemani, Hannah J Jones, Tamsin Ford, David Gunnell, Jon Heron, Carol Joinson, Paul Moran, Caroline Relton, Matthew Suderman, Sarah Watkins and Becky Mars

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Adolescent-onset depression often results in a chronic and recurrent course, and is associated with worse outcomes relative to adult-onset depression. Targeting habitual depressive rumination, a specific known...

    Authors: Henrietta Roberts, Rachel H. Jacobs, Katie L. Bessette, Sheila E. Crowell, Mindy Westlund-Schreiner, Leah Thomas, Rebecca E. Easter, Stephanie L. Pocius, Alina Dillahunt, Summer Frandsen, Briana Schubert, Brian Farstead, Patricia Kerig, Robert C. Welsh, David Jago, Scott A. Langenecker…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:206

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the post-marketing safety and effectiveness of aripiprazole in treating irritability in pediatric patients (6–17 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in actual c...

    Authors: Yuna Sugimoto, Kayo Yamamura, Tomoyo Takayama, Yasuhiko Fukuta, Kazuo Aoki, Katsunaka Mikami and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Depression and anxiety are two common mood problems among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and are associated with poor cardiac prognoses. The comorbidity of depression and anxiety is considered to b...

    Authors: Bingqing Bai, Han Yin, Lan Guo, Huan Ma, Haochen Wang, Fengyao Liu, Yanting Liang, Anbang Liu and Qingshan Geng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:202

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging neuroimaging modality that provides a direct and quantitative assessment of cortical haemodynamic response during a cognitive task. It may be used t...

    Authors: Syeda Fabeha Husain, Tong-Boon Tang, Wilson W. Tam, Bach X. Tran, Cyrus S. Ho and Roger C. Ho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Perinatal common mental disorders are associated with significant adverse outcomes for women and their families, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. Early detection through screening with locally-...

    Authors: Gracia Fellmeth, Siân Harrison, Charles Opondo, Manisha Nair, Jennifer J. Kurinczuk and Fiona Alderdice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Johanna Baumgardt, Julian Schwarz, Andreas Bechdolf, Konstantinos Nikolaidis, Martin Heinze, Johannes Hamann, Martin Holzke, Gerhard Längle, Janina Richter, Peter Brieger, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen Timm, Constance Hirschmeier, Sebastian Von Peter and Stefan Weinmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:199

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:173

  38. Sleep disturbance and executive function impairment are common in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), though the relationship between the two remains unclear. We investigated this association in fir...

    Authors: Feihuan Cui, Qi Liu, Xiaozhen Lv, Rainer Leonhart, Hongjun Tian, Jing Wei, Kerang Zhang, Gang Zhu, Qiaoling Chen, Gang Wang, Xueyi Wang, Nan Zhang, Yu Huang, Tianmei Si and Xin Yu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a commonly used psychometric scale of depression. A four-factor structure (depressed affect, positive affect, somatic symptoms, and interpersona...

    Authors: Joanna M. Blodgett, Chantelle C. Lachance, Brendon Stubbs, Melissa Co, Yu-Tzu Wu, Matthew Prina, Vivian W. L. Tsang and Theodore D. Cosco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. While a growing number of studies focus on men who have sex with men (MSM), they typically ignore the heterogeneity of gender minorities within the MSM population. The recognition of new sub-groups among gende...

    Authors: Zhizhou Duan, Liyin Wang, Menglan Guo, Changmian Ding, Danqin Huang, Hong Yan, Amanda Wilson and Shiyue Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Confinement due to COVID-19 has increased mental ill-health. Few studies unpack the risk and protective factors associated with mental ill-health and addictions that might inform future preparedness.

    Authors: Eva Jané-Llopis, Peter Anderson, Lidia Segura, Edurne Zabaleta, Regina Muñoz, Gemma Ruiz, Jürgen Rehm, Carmen Cabezas and Joan Colom

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Although long-term use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZDs) has been associated with an increased risk of dependence, the incidence, details of clinical manifestations, and triggering...

    Authors: Yuichi Inoue, Yoshikazu Takaesu and Michinori Koebis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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