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  1. Suicide mortality is high in Japan and early interventional strategies to solve that problem are needed. An accurate evaluation of the regional status of current suicide mortality would be useful for community...

    Authors: Kazue Yamaoka, Masako Suzuki, Mariko Inoue, Hirono Ishikawa and Toshiro Tango

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A substantial increase in rates of suicide worldwide, especially among late adolescents and young adults, has been observed. It is important to identify specific risk and protective factors for suicide-related...

    Authors: Bob Lew, Ksenia Chistopolskaya, Augustine Osman, Jenny Mei Yiu Huen, Mansor Abu Talib and Angel Nga Man Leung

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Use of the antipsychotic drug olanzapine by patients with schizophrenia is associated with autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. It is presumed that there are interindividual differences in ANS dysfuncti...

    Authors: Saki Hattori, Akira Suda, Masatoshi Miyauchi, Yohko Shiraishi, Takashi Saeki, Tadashi Fukushima, Mami Fujibayashi, Natsuki Tsujita, Chie Ishii, Norio Ishii, Tosiho Moritani, Yusuke Saigusa and Ikuko Kishida

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although effective treatments are available, most individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) do not receive an appropriate diagnosis or treatment. We aimed to examine treatment utilization and barriers to...

    Authors: Johanna Schulte, Claudia Schulz, Sabine Wilhelm and Ulrike Buhlmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many studies have found that the hippocampus plays a very important role in major depressive disorder (MDD). The hippocampus can be divided into three subfields: the cornu ammonis (CA), dentate gyrus (DG) and ...

    Authors: Zi Yu Hao, Yuan Zhong, Zi Juan Ma, Hua Zhen Xu, Jing Ya Kong, Zhou Wu, Yun Wu, Jian Li, Xin Lu, Ning Zhang and Chun Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  6. People with intellectual disability (ID) face considerable barriers to accessing psychiatric health care, thus there is a risk for health disparity. The aims of the present study were 1) to compare specialist ...

    Authors: G. Ahlström, A. Axmon, M. Sandberg and J. Hultqvist

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a lifetime prevalence of 2–3% and is a leading cause of global disability. Brain circuit abnormalities in individuals with OCD have been identified, but important knowle...

    Authors: Helen Blair Simpson, Odile A. van den Heuvel, Euripedes C. Miguel, Y. C. Janardhan Reddy, Dan J. Stein, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Christine Lochner, Petra J. W. Pouwels, Janardhanan C. Narayanawamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Dianne M. Hezel, Chris Vriend, Marcelo C. Batistuzzo, Marcelo Q. Hoexter, Niels T. de Joode…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:68

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Younger age at onset is generally thought to be a predictor of poor outcome in Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS), but there is a paucity of epidemiological data supporting this belief. This study aims to describ...

    Authors: Lingzi Xu, Yanqing Guo, Qingjiu Cao, Xue Li, Ting Mei, Zenghui Ma, Xinzhou Tang, Zhaozheng Ji, Liu Yang and Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The barriers and facilitating factors for integrating mental health into primary health care have been well documented in the literature, but little is known about the perspectives of primary health care worke...

    Authors: Nawaraj Upadhaya, Upasana Regmi, Dristy Gurung, Nagendra P. Luitel, Inge Petersen, Mark J. D. Jordans and Ivan H. Komproe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Major depressive disorder is among main worldwide causes of disability. The low medication compliance rates in depressed patients as well as the high recurrence rate of the disease can bring up the nutrition-r...

    Authors: Maryam Khosravi, Gity Sotoudeh, Maryam Amini, Firoozeh Raisi, Anahita Mansoori and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Antenatal maternal anxiety is a risk for offspring psychological and cognitive difficulties. The preschool years represent an important time for brain development, and so may be a window for intervention. Howe...

    Authors: Hong Kuang Tan, Shaun K. Y. Goh, Stella Tsotsi, Michaela Bruntraeger, Helen Yu Chen, Birit Broekman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J. Meaney, Anqi Qiu and Anne Rifkin-Graboi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Auckland Regional Forensic Psychiatry Services (ARFPS) in New Zealand has introduced structured clinical judgment instruments developed in Ireland (DUNDRUM-3 and DUNDRUM-4) to assist staff decision-making ...

    Authors: Julie Wharewera-Mika, Erana Cooper, Nick Wiki, Kiri Prentice, Trudie Field, James Cavney, David Kaire and Brian McKenna

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Many children and adolescents suffer from problematic levels of anxiety, but the multitude of these children do not receive an intervention. It is of importance to increase the accessibility and availability o...

    Authors: Ellin Simon, Eva de Hullu, Susan Bögels, Peter Verboon, Petra Butler, Wendy van Groeninge, Wim Slot, Michelle Craske, Stephen Whiteside and Jacques van Lankveld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Cognitive models of psychosis postulate an important role of Theory of mind (ToM) in the formation and maintenance of delusions, but research on this plausible conjecture has gathered conflicting findings. In ...

    Authors: Stephanie Mehl, Klaus Hesse, Anna-Christine Schmidt, Martin W. Landsberg, Daniel Soll, Andreas Bechdolf, Jutta Herrlich, Tilo Kircher, Stefan Klingberg, Bernhard W. Müller, Georg Wiedemann, Andreas Wittorf, Wolfgang Wölwer and Michael Wagner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Although the individual and economic disease burden of depression is particularly high for long-term symptoms, little is known of the lifetime course of chronic depression. Most evidence derives from clinical ...

    Authors: Julia Nübel, Anne Guhn, Susanne Müllender, Hong Duyen Le, Caroline Cohrdes and Stephan Köhler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The demand for support for persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning is growing rapidly. These persons often encounter individual and familial limitations that influence ...

    Authors: Peter J. G. Nouwens, Nienke B. M. Smulders, Petri J. C. M. Embregts and Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) is the most widely and frequently used scale to assess positive and negative affect. The PANAS has been validated in several languages, and it has shown excell...

    Authors: Amanda Díaz-García, Alberto González-Robles, Sonia Mor, Adriana Mira, Soledad Quero, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa María Baños and Cristina Botella

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Delphi technique is a proven and reliable method to create common definitions and to achieve convergence of opinion. This study aimed to prioritize suicide prevention guideline recommendations and to devel...

    Authors: Kim Setkowski, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom, Dave A. Dongelmans and Renske Gilissen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Decisions about antidepressant use in pregnancy are complex. Little is known about how pregnancy-planning and already pregnant women making these decisions differ.

    Authors: Lucy C. Barker, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Donna E. Stewart, Sophie Grigoriadis, Kelly Metcalfe, Tim F. Oberlander, Carrie Schram, Valerie H. Taylor and Simone N. Vigod

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Armed conflict in Africa has led to displacement of over 24.2 million people, more than 1.4 million of whom are living in Uganda. Studies show that refugees living in Ugandan refugee settlements are at increas...

    Authors: Achille Mwira Bapolisi, Suzan J. Song, Claire Kesande, Godfrey Zari Rukundo and Scholastic Ashaba

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Alcohol use is part of many cultural, religious and social practices, and provides perceived pleasure to many users. In many societies, alcoholic beverages are a routine part of the social landscape for many i...

    Authors: Joshua Ssebunnya, Caroline Kituyi, Justine Nabanoba, Juliet Nakku, Arvin Bhana and Fred Kigozi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Supporting personal recovery in people with mental health difficulties is central to mental health services. This study aimed to develop the Japanese version of INSPIRE and Brief INSPIRE measure of staff suppo...

    Authors: Risa Kotake, Akiko Kanehara, Yuki Miyamoto, Yousuke Kumakura, Utako Sawada, Ayumi Takano, Rie Chiba, Makoto Ogawa, Shinsuke Kondo, Kiyoto Kasai and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Personal communities or personal support networks comprise a variety of social ties considered important to individuals in their everyday lives. This set of active and significant ties influence the capacity t...

    Authors: Helen Louise Brooks, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell and Anne Rogers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Continuously high rates of overdose deaths in Sweden led to the decision by the Skåne County to initiate the first regional take-home naloxone program in Sweden. The project aims to study the effect of overdos...

    Authors: Katja Troberg, Pernilla Isendahl, Marianne Alanko Blomé, Disa Dahlman and Anders Håkansson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Many community-based intervention models for mental health and wellbeing have undergone robust experimental evaluation; however, there are limited accounts of the implementation of these evidence-based interve...

    Authors: Kaustubh Joag, Laura Shields-Zeeman, Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Rama Kawade, Madhumitha Balaji and Soumitra Pathare

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Anxiety and depression are common in children and adolescents, which can be detected via self-report questionnaires in non-clinical settings like the school environment. Two short versions of the Revised Child...

    Authors: Leonie Klaufus, Eva Verlinden, Marcel van der Wal, Mia Kösters, Pim Cuijpers and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Collaborative Care Model (CoCM) for mental healthcare, where a consulting psychiatrist supports primary care and behavioral health workers, has the potential to address the large unmet burden of mental ill...

    Authors: Pragya Rimal, Duncan Maru, Lydia Chwastiak, Pawan Agrawal, Deepa Rao, Sikhar Swar, David Citrin and Bibhav Acharya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Depression is a prevalent and serious mood disorder and a major source of disability adjusted life years (DALY) in Uganda. Furthermore, evidence from Uganda and other countries throughout sub-Saharan Africa su...

    Authors: Amanda P. Miller, Michael Kintu and Susan M. Kiene

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The vast majority of patient safety research has focused on somatic health care. Although specific adverse events (AEs) within psychiatric healthcare have been explored, the overall level and nature of AEs is ...

    Authors: Lena Nilsson, Madeleine Borgstedt-Risberg, Charlotta Brunner, Ullakarin Nyberg, Urban Nylén, Carina Ålenius and Hans Rutberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Traumatized earthquake survivors may develop poor memory function. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and machine learning techniques may one day aid the clinical assessment of indiv...

    Authors: Yuchen Li, Hongru Zhu, Zhengjia Ren, Su Lui, Minlan Yuan, Qiyong Gong, Cui Yuan, Meng Gao, Changjian Qiu and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder. Currently, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) is the only self-report measure that fully captures this symptom...

    Authors: Kristina Aspvall, Matti Cervin, Per Andrén, Sean Perrin, David Mataix-Cols and Erik Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been conducted to identify genes and pathways involved in development of opioid use disorder. This study extends the first GWAS of substance use disorder (SUD) patie...

    Authors: Hiba Alblooshi, Habiba Al Safar, Ahmed El Kashef, Hamad Al Ghaferi, Mansour Shawky, Gary K. Hulse and Guan K. Tay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) have particularly high rates of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and are also more likely to receive prescription opioids for their pain...

    Authors: Ashli Owen-Smith, Christine Stewart, Musu M. Sesay, Sheryl M. Strasser, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Brian Ahmedani, Lisa R. Miller-Matero, Stephen C. Waring, Irina V. Haller, Beth E. Waitzfelder, Stacy A. Sterling, Cynthia I. Campbell, Rulin C. Hechter, John E. Zeber, Laurel A. Copeland, Jeffrey F. Scherrer…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a common symptom of various major psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, major depressive disorder (MDD), and bipolar I disorder (BD). In this study, we investigated whet...

    Authors: Yu-Chi Huang, Yu Lee, Chun-Yi Lee, Pao-Yen Lin, Chi-Fa Hung, Sheng-Yu Lee and Liang-Jen Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Little is known about the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in community samples and about its associations with psychopathology. This study aimed to assess for the first time the prevalence of incon...

    Authors: Annette Burns, Helen Coughlan and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The elderly population is rising globally, especially in China where a large population base causes the largest number of older adults in the world. Notably, Shidu people who are over the age of 60 and have lo...

    Authors: Qianlan Yin, Huaihui Zhang, Zhilei Shang, Lili Wu, Zhuoer Sun, Fan Zhang, Yaoguang Zhou, Xiangrui Song and Weizhi Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common in patients with eating disorders (EDs). There is a lack of research investigating the presence of ED symptoms among patients with OCD, despite concerns that many ...

    Authors: Lasse Bang, Unn Beate Kristensen, Line Wisting, Kristin Stedal, Marianne Garte, Åse Minde and Øyvind Rø

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Children with intellectual disabilities are likely to present with challenging behaviour. Parent mediated interventions have shown utility in influencing child behaviour, although there is a paucity of UK rese...

    Authors: Olayinka Farris, Rachel Royston, Michael Absoud, Gareth Ambler, Jacqueline Barnes, Rachael Hunter, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Kate Oulton, Eleni Paliokosta, Monica Panca, Laura Paulauskaite, Michaela Poppe, Federico Ricciardi, Aditya Sharma, Vicky Slonims, Una Summerson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) has become a public health issue in China, particularly in adolescents and young adults. The Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire-Short Version (PMPUQ-SV) is a validat...

    Authors: Ying-Ying Wang, Jiang Long, Yue-Heng Liu, Tie-Qiao Liu and Joël Billieux

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric diseases. Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with metabolic abnormalities and NNMT regulates energy metaboli...

    Authors: Qing Hu, Farong Liu, Luyin Yang, Zanxi Fang, Jue He, Wenqiang Wang and Pan You

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by an intense fear of negative judgement by others. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is recommended for treatment, but a substantial part of individuals with SA...

    Authors: Lars Clemmensen, Stéphane Bouchard, Johan Rasmussen, Trine Theresa Holmberg, Jakob Hyldig Nielsen, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen and Mia Beck Lichtenstein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:32

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. African women face high rates of depression, particularly during pregnancy or postpartum or after a recent HIV diagnosis. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) depression screening tool has been quantitat...

    Authors: Jennifer Velloza, John Njoroge, Kenneth Ngure, Nicholas Thuo, Catherine Kiptinness, Richard Momanyi, Snaidah Ayub, Stephen Gakuo, Nelly Mugo, Jane Simoni and Renee Heffron

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although insight in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) has been associated with positive outcomes, the effect size of previous treatments on insight has been relatively small to date. The metacognitive bas...

    Authors: Javier-David Lopez-Morinigo, Verónica González Ruiz-Ruano, Adela Sánchez Escribano Martínez, María Luisa Barrigón Estévez, Laura Mata-Iturralde, Laura Muñoz-Lorenzo, Sergio Sánchez-Alonso, Antonio Artés-Rodríguez, Anthony S. David and Enrique Baca-García

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:30

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. People with psychosis experience more social isolation than any other diagnostic group and have smaller social networks than the general population. This isolation can have a detrimental effect on quality of l...

    Authors: Helena Tee, Stefan Priebe, Carlos Santos, Penny Xanthopoulou, Martin Webber and Domenico Giacco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Mental distress is a major public health problem which includes anxiety, depression and somatic symptoms such as sleeping problems, fatigue and headache. University students are consistently reported to have h...

    Authors: Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Eneck S. Kibopile, Lisbeth Mhando, Johnston George and James S. Ngocho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The purpose of the study was to determine whether establishment of a specific liaison psychiatry service designed to offer a rapid response with facilitated hospital discharge led to reduced acute hospital len...

    Authors: Allan House, Robert West, Chris Smith, Sandy Tubeuf, Else Guthrie and Peter Trigwell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Brief Contact Interventions (BCIs) after a suicide attempt (SA) are an important element of prevention against SA and suicide. They are easier to generalize to an entire population than other forms of interven...

    Authors: Larissa Fossi Djembi, Guillaume Vaiva, Christophe Debien, Stéphane Duhem, Anne-Laure Demarty, Yves-Akoli Koudou and Antoine Messiah

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Depression comprises common psychological problems, and has been strongly related to neuroticism and perceived stress. While neuroticism has been shown to have a direct effect on depression, it also has an ind...

    Authors: Mukda Banjongrewadee, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Tanyong Pipanmekaporn, Yodying Punjasawadwong and Sirirat Mueankwan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Medicinal cannabis has received increased research attention over recent years due to loosening global regulatory changes. Medicinal cannabis has been reported to have potential efficacy in reducing pain, musc...

    Authors: Jerome Sarris, Justin Sinclair, Diana Karamacoska, Maggie Davidson and Joseph Firth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Approximately 40–70% of justice-involved youth have untreated mental health problems. There is no current research that directly compares the mental health profiles of youth involved in the justice system to t...

    Authors: Shannon L. Stewart, Elizabeth Thornley, Natalia Lapshina, Patricia Erickson, Evelyn Vingilis, Hayley Hamilton and Nathan Kolla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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