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  1. Content type: Research article

    On November 13, 2015, terrorist attacks took place in Paris. One hundred and twenty-nine people were immediately killed and 302 needed emergency care. Many resident physicians were on the front line of the med...

    Authors: Jules Gregory, Jean de Lepinau, Ariane de Buyer, Nicolas Delanoy, Olivier Mir and Raphaël Gaillard

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:79

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Polypharmacy increases the risk of pharmacological interactions, prevalence of secondary effects and with this the lack of adherence to treatment. It is estimated that between 10 and 40% of patients hospitaliz...

    Authors: J. Carmona-Huerta, S. Castiello-de Obeso, J. Ramírez-Palomino, R. Duran-Gutiérrez, D. Cardona-Muller, F. Grover-Paez, P. Fernández-Dorantes and R. Medina-Dávalos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:78

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  3. Content type: Research article

    This study determined the effects of a novel combination of vitamin D and probiotic on metabolic and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia.

    Authors: Amir Ghaderi, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Mohamad Moradi, Mohammad-Amin Karimi, Fateme Mehrzad, Fereshteh Bahmani and Zatollah Asemi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:77

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) should follow an adequate methodology using an evidence-based approach in order to provide reliable recommendations. However, little is known regarding the quality of CPGs f...

    Authors: Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Sergio Goicochea-Lugo, David Villarreal-Zegarra and Alvaro Taype-Rondan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:76

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Family caregivers play crucial roles in taking care of people experiencing schizophrenia in the community. The burdens on and needs of caregivers of these patients should be emphasized. This study aimed to exp...

    Authors: Lifen Chen, Yali Zhao, Juan Tang, Guanghui Jin, Yanli Liu, Xuexue Zhao, Chao Chen and Xiaoqin Lu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:75

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The medical-ethical dilemmas related to euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) in psychiatric patients are highly relevant in an international context. EAS in psychiatric patients appears to become mo...

    Authors: Kirsten Evenblij, H. Roeline W. Pasman, Rosalie Pronk and Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:74

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Rebound cholinergic syndrome is a rare, but well known unwanted phenomenon occurring after abrupt clozapine discontinuation. There have been previous reported cases of cholinergic rebound in the literature; ho...

    Authors: Andrea Galova, Patricia Berney, Jules Desmeules, Ioannis Sergentanis and Marie Besson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:73

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a growing body of literature highlighting the role that wearable and mobile remote measurement technology (RMT) can play in measuring symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). Outcomes assessment t...

    Authors: F. Matcham, C. Barattieri di San Pietro, V. Bulgari, G. de Girolamo, R. Dobson, H. Eriksson, A. A. Folarin, J. M. Haro, M. Kerz, F. Lamers, Q. Li, N. V. Manyakov, D. C. Mohr, I. Myin-Germeys, V. Narayan, Penninx BWJH…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:72

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Mental distress is becoming a common health problem in Ethiopia. The prevalence of mental distress is higher among university students than the general population. However, there is inadequate information in t...

    Authors: Tadis Brhane Tesfahunegn and Etsay Hailu Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:71

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Executive functioning impairment is common in substance use disorder and is a major risk factor for poor treatment outcomes, including treatment drop-out and relapse. Cognitive remediation interventions seek t...

    Authors: Jamie Berry, Isabella Jacomb, Jo Lunn, Antoinette Sedwell, Anthony Shakeshaft, Peter J Kelly, Pooria Sarrami, Megan James, Skye Russell, Talia Nardo, Daniel Barker and Jennifer Holmes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:70

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in ...

    Authors: Febe E. van der Flier, Caroline M. B. Kwee, Danielle C. Cath, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Lucianne Groenink, Puck Duits, Date C. van der Veen, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Johanna M. P. Baas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:69

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Members of the public can potentially take action to assist someone in their social network who is distressed and at risk of suicide. The present study used data from a community survey to examine training exp...

    Authors: Anthony F. Jorm, Angela Nicholas, Jane Pirkis, Alyssia Rossetto, Julie-Anne Fischer and Nicola J. Reavley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:68

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Primary brain calcification (PBC), a neurodegenerative disorder with characteristic calcium deposits in the basal ganglia and other brain areas, typically presents with various neurological and psychiatric sym...

    Authors: Barbara Plemeniti Tololeski, Maruša Debeljak, Mirjana Perkovič Benedik, Tristan Rigler, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Primož Kotnik, Katarina Šurlan Popovič and Maja Drobnič Radobuljac

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:67

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has included comorbidity between depression and a chronic disease among the 10 leading global health priorities. Although there is a high prevalence of multimorbidity, healt...

    Authors: Alicia Monreal-Bartolomé, Alberto Barceló-Soler, Adoración Castro, Mª. Ángeles Pérez-Ara, Margalida Gili, Fermín Mayoral, Maria Magdalena Hurtado, Esperanza Varela Moreno, Cristina Botella, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa M. Baños, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo and Javier García-Campayo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:66

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Background: Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) is a curriculum-based rehabilitation program for people with severe mental illness with the short-term aim of improving illness self-management and the long-te...

    Authors: Sofie Bratberg Jensen, Helle Stentoft Dalum, Lisa Korsbek, Carsten Hjorthøj, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Karin Thomsen, Kristen Kistrup, Mette Olander, Jane Lindschou, Kim T. Mueser, Merete Nordentoft and Lene Falgaard Eplov

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:65

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Since anxiety and depressive disorders often recur, self-management competencies are crucial for improving the long-term course of anxiety and depressive disorders. However, few relapse prevention programmes a...

    Authors: Esther Krijnen-de Bruin, Anna D. T. Muntingh, Adriaan W. Hoogendoorn, Annemieke van Straten, Neeltje M. Batelaan, Otto R. Maarsingh, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom and Berno van Meijel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:64

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    The role of dietary patterns in the prevention of unipolar depression has been analyzed in several epidemiological studies. The primary aims of this study are to determine the effectiveness of an extra-olive o...

    Authors: A. Sánchez-Villegas, B. Cabrera-Suárez, P. Molero, A. González-Pinto, C. Chiclana-Actis, C. Cabrera, F. Lahortiga-Ramos, M. Florido-Rodríguez, P. Vega-Pérez, R. Vega-Pérez, J. Pla, M. J. Calviño-Cabada, F. Ortuño, S. Navarro, Y. Almeida and J. L. Hernández-Fleta

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:63

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit β2 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the CACNB2 gene. The β2 subunit is an auxiliary protein of voltage-gated calcium channels, which is predominantly exp...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Xiaohong Gong, Xudong Yao, Lingling Cui, Zhiyang Yin, Chao Li, Yanqing Tang and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:62

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The number of dementia cases is expected to rise exponentially over the years in many parts of the world. Collaborative healthcare partnerships are envisaged as a solution to this problem. Primary care physici...

    Authors: Shan Hui Lai, Tung Tsoi, Chao Tian Tang, Richard Jor Yeong Hui, Kim Kiat Tan, Yehudi Wee Shung Yeo and Ee Heok Kua

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:61

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 84,000 children under the age of 15 years are living with HIV in Malawi. Although the survival rate of children living with HIV in Malawi has improved due to the increased availability of antiret...

    Authors: Fatch W. Kalembo, Garth E. Kendall, Mohammed Ali and Angela F. Chimwaza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:60

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the leading cause of disability worldwide. The cardinal features of MDD are depressed mood and anhedonia. Anhedonia is defined as a “markedly diminished interest or pleasure ...

    Authors: Vera E. Heininga, Egon Dejonckheere, Marlies Houben, Jasmien Obbels, Pascal Sienaert, Bart Leroy, Joris van Roy and Peter Kuppens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:59

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Depressive symptoms are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are associated with an unfavourable outcome. Establishing prognostic patient profiles prior to the beginning of mental health care...

    Authors: Frank Vitinius, Steffen Escherich, Hans-Christian Deter, Martin Hellmich, Jana Jünger, Katja Petrowski, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Frank Lambertus, Matthias Michal, Cora Weber, Martina de Zwaan, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Joram Ronel and Christian Albus

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:57

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the extent to which post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) vary from day to day in individuals with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined the variation of PTSS by day ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, David S. Krantz, Russell B. Carr, Gary H. Wynn, Deborah Probe Adams, Nicole M. Dacuyan and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:56

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Clinically operated community-based residential rehabilitation units (Community Rehabilitation Units) are resource intensive services supporting a small proportion of the people with severe and persisting ment...

    Authors: Stephen Parker, Gordon Hopkins, Dan Siskind, Meredith Harris, Gemma McKeon, Frances Dark and Harvey Whiteford

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:55

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Smoking has played a significant role in the historical culture of mental healthcare settings. Mental health professionals (MHPs) often hold dismissive attitudes regarding the importance of smoking cessation i...

    Authors: Charlie Albert Smith, Ann McNeill, Loren Kock and Lion Shahab

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:54

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum dis...

    Authors: Juliana Höfer, Falk Hoffmann, Inge Kamp-Becker, Charlotte Küpper, Luise Poustka, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Sanna Stroth, Nicole Wolff and Christian J. Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:53

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Inpatients with depression have a poor long term outcome with high rates of suicide, high levels of morbidity and frequent re-admission. Current treatment often relies on pharmacological intervention and focus...

    Authors: Ian R. E. Averill, Ben Beaglehole, Katie M. Douglas, Jennifer Jordan, Marie T. Crowe, Maree Inder, Cameron J. Lacey, Christopher M. Frampton, Christopher R. Bowie and Richard J. Porter

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:52

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Depression and anxiety is a major public health problem, in Sweden and internationally. Internet-based interventions are increasingly acknowledged as promising approaches for individuals with varying degrees o...

    Authors: Anders Nilsson, Karolina Sörman, Josefin Klingvall, Emma Ovelius, Jonas Lundberg and Clara Hellner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:51

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Recommendations for pharmacological treatments of major depression with specific comorbid psychiatric conditions are lacking.

    Authors: D. Bennabi, A. Yrondi, T. Charpeaud, J.-B. Genty, S. Destouches, S. Lancrenon, N. Allaili, F. Bellivier, T. Bougerol, V. Camus, O. Doumy, J.-M. Dorey, F. Haesebaert, J. Holtzmann, C. Lançon, M. Lefebvre…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:50

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Suicide bereavement is a risk factor for adverse outcomes related to grief, social functioning, mental health and suicidal behaviour. Consequently, suicide bereavement support (i.e., postvention) has been iden...

    Authors: Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Nicole T. M. Hill, Lennart Reifels, Jo Robinson, Nicola Reavley and Jane Pirkis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:49

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Parents are vulnerable to psychological distress symptoms in the postpartum period. It is routine to screen for depressive symptoms, but anxiety, stress, fatigue, irritability and insomnia symptoms are less of...

    Authors: Nathan Wilson, Karen Wynter, Clare Anderson, Shanthakumar M. W. Rajaratnam, Jane Fisher and Bei Bei

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:48

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) including anxiety, depressive, adjustment, and somatoform disorders are prevalent worldwide. There is emerging evidence that experiencing a natural disaster might incre...

    Authors: Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:47

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety and depressive disorders are common mental disorders. A substantial part of patients does not achieve symptomatic remission after treatment in specialized services. Current care as usual (CAU) for thes...

    Authors: Maringa H. H. Zoun, Bauke Koekkoek, Henny Sinnema, Christina M. van der Feltz-Cornelis, Anton J. L. M. van Balkom, Aart H. Schene, Filip Smit and Jan Spijker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:46

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence that several intervention types, including psychotherapy, reduce repeat suicide attempts. However, these interventions are less applicable to the heterogeneous patients admitted to emergency ...

    Authors: Masatoshi Inagaki, Yoshitaka Kawashima, Naohiro Yonemoto and Mitsuhiko Yamada

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:44

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious and frequent psychiatric disorder of multifactorial pathogenesis. Several lines of evidence support the idea that ADHD is, in its core, a diso...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Eliza Hoxhaj, Patricia Borel, Chiharu Sadohara, Bernd Feige, Swantje Matthies, Helge H. O. Müller, Katharina Bachmann, Marcel Schulze and Alexandra Philipsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:43

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Self-harm and depression are strong risk factors for repeat self-harm and suicide. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of remotely delivered problem-solving cognitive...

    Authors: Kapil Sayal, James Roe, Harriet Ball, Christopher Atha, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Boliang Guo, Ellen Townsend and Richard Morriss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:42

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dog-assisted therapy (DAT) is a non-pharmacological intervention based on the interaction between patients and dogs, which has been proposed to help adults with dementia. However, evidence to support it is lac...

    Authors: Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Kevin Pacheco-Barrios, Walter Andree Tellez and Alvaro Taype-Rondan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:41

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Depression and anxiety are prevalent mental disorders among the working population with potentially high personal and financial cost. The overall aim of this study was to test the applicability of an outreach ...

    Authors: Helle Østermark Sørensen, Jan B. Valentin, Malene Krogsgaard Bording, Jens Ivar Larsen, Anelia Larsen and Øyvind Omland

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:40

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Web-based mental health applications may be beneficial, but adoption is often low leaving optimal implementation and payment models unclear. This study examined which users were interested in extended access t...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Hensel, James Shaw, Noah M. Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Simone N. Vigod, Zachary Bouck, Nike Onabajo, Payal Agarwal, Geetha Mukerji, Rebecca Yang, Megan Nguyen, Lianne Jeffs, Trevor Jamieson and R. Sacha Bhatia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:39

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Physical illness and mental disorders play a significant role in fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviour. However, there is no clear evidence for the effect of physical and mental illness co-occurrence (multimo...

    Authors: Katerina Kavalidouª, Daniel J. Smith, Geoff Der and Rory C. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:38

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Cardiometabolic health significantly impacts on the mortality of people with severe mental illness. Clozapine has the greatest efficacy for Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia (TRS) but the greatest negative imp...

    Authors: Alex Till and Ed Silva

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:37

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The development of digital health interventions (DHIs) for severe mental health problems is fast-paced. Researchers are beginning to consult service users to inform DHIs; however, much of this involvement has ...

    Authors: Natalie Berry, Fiona Lobban and Sandra Bucci

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:35

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of neurological disorders and their associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Sylvia Kiwuwa Muyingo, Kenneth D. Gadow, Vikram Patel and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:34

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The extent of post-mortem detection of specific psychoactive drugs may differ between countries, and may greatly influence the national death register’s classification of manner and cause of death. The main ob...

    Authors: Ida Kathrine Gravensteen, Øivind Ekeberg, Ingemar Thiblin, Karin Helweg-Larsen, Erlend Hem, Sidsel Rogde and Ingvild Maria Tøllefsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:33

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  45. Content type: Research article

    First-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) are associated with a range of adverse events which can significantly reduce patients’ quality of life and contribute to non-adherence. The aim of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Yirgalem Shewakena Wubeshet, Oumer Sada Mohammed and Tigestu Alemu Desse

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:32

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Although the majority of active duty U.S. Army soldiers are full-time personnel in the Active Component (AC), a substantial minority of soldiers on active duty are in the Reserve Components (RCs). These “citiz...

    Authors: James A. Naifeh, Robert J. Ursano, Ronald C. Kessler, Oscar I. Gonzalez, Carol S. Fullerton, Holly B. Herberman Mash, Charlotte A. Riggs-Donovan, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Gary H. Wynn, Hieu M. Dinh, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Nancy A. Sampson and Murray B. Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:31

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