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Table 3 Correlations of the WAI scores with the BDI score at post-treatment and the BDI residual gain score in the online and face-to-face groups.

From: The working alliance in a randomized controlled trial comparing online with face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression

Variable BDI-post
(covariate: BDI-pre)
BDI residual gain score
  Online Face-to-face Online Face-to-face
WAI-C mid-treatment     
Tasks -.16 -.52** -.15 -.35
Bond -.04 -.21 .12 -.08
Goals -.09 -.32 -.16 -.22
Composite -.10 -.40* -.06 -.24
WAI-C post-treatment     
Tasks -.47* -.46*-. -.33 -.33
Bond -.15 -.27 .08 -.22
Goals -.36 -.43* -.33 -.33
Composite -.35 -.42* -.20 -.32
WAI-T post-treatment     
Tasks -.25 -.29 -.12 -.16
Bond -.07 -.20 .16 -.15
Goals -.24 -.22 -.11 -.13
Composite -.20 -.24 -.01 -.14
  1. WAI-C = Working Alliance Inventory - Clients' ratings; WAI-T = Working Alliance Inventory - Therapists' ratings; BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.
  2. * p < .05. ** p < .01.