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Table 3 Psychological and Clinical correlates of Major Depressive Disorder

From: Prevalence and risk factors of major depressive disorder in HIV/AIDS as seen in semi-urban Entebbe district, Uganda

  Number in study (N,%) Major depressive disorder (n,%) Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR§
(95% CI)
Negative Coping Style index    P = 0.002 P = 0.008
   Low 101 (16.3) 4 (4.0) 1 1
   Medium 322 (52.1) 20 (6.2) 1.61 (0.54-4.81) 1.55 (0.51-4.68)
   High 195 (31.6) 26 (13.3) 3.73 (1.26-11.01) 3.16 (1.06-9.43)
Past Psychiatric history    P = 0.516 P = 0.570
   Present 16 (2.6) 2 (12.5) 1.65 (0.36-7.47) 1.56 (0.33-7.28)
Family history of psychiatric illness    P = 0.003 P = 0.003
   Present 120 (19.6) 18 (15.0) 2.54 (1.37-4.71) 2.57 (1.37-4.83)
Neurocognitive Impairment    P = 0.531 P = 0.535
   Present 396 (64.1) 30 (7.6) 0.83 (0.0.46-1.50) 0.83 (0.45-1.51)
Psychosocial Impairment    P = 0.003 P = 0.003
   Present 318 (51.5) 36 (72.0) 2.61 (1.38-4.94) 2.65 (1.39-5.06)
Life-time attempted suicide    P < 0.001 P < 0.001
   Present 24 (3.9) 13 (26.0) 17.79 (7.46-42.43) 17.51 (6.94-44.11)
Post traumatic Stress disorder    P < 0.001 P < 0.001
   Present 10 (1.6) 8 (80.0) 53.91 (11.09-261.9) 43.76 (8.62-222.09)
Generalized anxiety disorder    P = 0.001 P = 0.001
   Present 5 (0.81) 4 (80.0) 49.30 (5.40-450.3) 61.90 (5.90-649.0)
Alcohol dependency disorder    P = 0.015 P = 0.003
   Present 4 (0.65) 2 (50.0) 11.79 (1.62-85.57) 24.35 (3.00-197.7)
Most Recent CD4 count (cells/μL)    P = 0.413 P = 0.555
   < 100 66 (12.5) 4 (6.1) 1 1
   100-249 159 (30.2) 11 (6.9) 1.15 (0.35-3.76) 1.14 (0.34-3.80)
   250-349 81 (15.4) 7 (8.6) 1.47 (0.41-5.24) 1.39 (0.38-5.11)
   350+ 220 (35.6) 19 (8.6) 1.46 (0.48-4.47) 1.35 (0.43-4.24)
BMI Index    P = 0.550 P = 0.288
   Underweight 55 (9.2) 4 (7.3) 1 1
   Normal 387 (64.9) 36 (9.3) 1.33 (0.46-3.89) 1.07 (0.36-3.22)
   Overweight 119 (20.0) 6 (5.0) 0.70 (0.19-2.60) 0.52 (0.13-1.97)
   Obese 35 (5.9) 3 (8.6) 1.22 (0.26-5.80) 0.86 (0.17-4.30)
  1. §Adjusted for sex and age