Amount in a typical
15 capsules daily
- Plus a proprietary formula of dl-phenylalanine, glutamine, citrus bioflavonoids, grape seed extract, choline bitartrate, inositol, ginkgo biloba, methionine, germanium sesquioxide, boron, vanadium, nickel.
- For four ingredients, the amount in the full daily dose exceeds the tolerable upper intake levels (UL) set by the National Academy of Sciences:
a The B3 (niacinamide) UL was set at 35 mg to prevent skin flushing, and is not based on a safety concern. The EMP+ B3 exceeds that UL, but there have been no reports of skin flushing problems in people taking this formula up to this point.
b The folate UL was set at 1 mg to prevent masking a vitamin B12 deficiency. But of course, vitamin B12 deficiencies are unlikely to occur in someone taking this formula, because of the B12 content.
c The magnesium UL of 350 mg was set because of concerns regarding diarrhea, but there do not appear to be any safety concerns.
d The zinc UL is set at 40 mg, but the primary safety concern is that higher levels may result in an imbalance of copper. This is unlikely to occur in someone taking this formula, because of the copper content.