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Table 2 Mean difference of reported somatic symptoms compared between individuals reporting chronic whiplash and individuals not reporting chronic whiplash, and between individuals reporting a past fractured hand or wrist and no previous fractured hand or wrist

From: Somatic symptoms beyond those generally associated with a whiplash injury are increased in self-reported chronic whiplash. A population-based cross sectional study: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)

Chronic whiplash compared to no chronic whiplash Fractured hand or wrist compared to no fractured hand or wrist
Variables B (CI) Variables B (CI)
No adjustments 0.60 0.50-0.69 No adjustments 0.07 0.02-0.12
Gender 0.58 0.48-0.68 Gender 0.12 0.07-0.17
Education 0.59 0.49-0.69 Education 0.13 0.08-0.18
Benefit receipt 0.49 0.40-0.59 Benefit receipt 0.10 0.05-0.15
Anxietya 0.46 0.38-0.55 Anxietya 0.09 0.05-0.14
Depressiona 0.51 0.42-0.60 Depressiona 0.11 0.06-0.15
Somatic diagnosis 0.56 0.46-0.66 Somatic diagnosis 0.11 0.07-0.16
Physical activity 0.58 0.48-0.68 Physical activity 0.13 0.08-0.18
Consumption of alcohol 0.58 0.48-0.68 Consumption of alcohol 0.12 0.07-0.17
Daily smoking 0.58 0.48-0.67 Daily smoking 0.12 0.07-0.17
Marital status 0.57 0.47-0.67 Marital status 0.12 0.07-0.17
Fully adjusted 0.41 0.33-0.49 Fully adjusted 0.08 0.04-0.12
  1. Adjustments for covariates; separately and fully adjusted.
  2. aAnxiety and depression entered as a continuous variable.