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Table 3 Percentile scores and mean values for generic Routine Outcome Monitoring instruments in the ROM reference (n=1294) and patient (n=5269) groups

From: Reference values for generic instruments used in routine outcome monitoring: the leiden routine outcome monitoring study

  ROM reference group ROM patient group
  P5 P25 P50(median) P75 P95 Mean ± SD P5 P25 P50(median) P75 P95 Mean ± SD
Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)    n=1294       n=5269    
 Somatization (SOM) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.71 0.17 ± 0.28 0.00 0.43 0.86 1.43 2.71 1.03 ± 0.83
 Obsessive-Compulsive (O-C) 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.50 1.17 0.35 ± 0.42 0.33 1.00 1.67 2.33 3.33 1.67 ± 0.95
 Interpersonal Sensitivity (I-S) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 0.29 ± 0.42 0.00 0.75 1.50 2.25 3.50 1.56 ± 1.04
 Depression (DEP) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.83 0.20 ± 0.34 0.17 0.83 1.67 2.50 3.50 1.68 ± 1.01
 Anxiety (ANX) 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.33 0.83 0.22 ± 0.34 0.17 0.83 1.33 2.17 3.33 1.49 ± 0.94
 Hostility (HOS) 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.20 0.80 0.20 ± 0.29 0.00 0.20 0.80 1.40 2.80 0.94 ± 0.86
 Phobic Anxiety (PHOB) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.60 0.11 ± 0.23 0.00 0.40 1.00 1.60 3.00 1.15 ± 0.93
 Paranoid Ideation (PAR) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.80 0.23 ± 0.35 0.00 0.40 1.00 1.80 3.00 1.15 ± 0.94
 Psychoticism (PSY) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.80 0.14 ± 0.28 0.20 0.60 1.20 1.80 2.80 1.23 ± 0.81
 BSI total score 0.00 0.06 0.13 0.28 0.68 0.21 ± 0.25 0.34 0.79 1.23 1.75 2.66 1.33 ± 0.71
MASQ-D30    n=1294       n=5269    
 General distress (GD) 10 11 12 15 23 13.8 ± 4.4 17 23 28 33 40 28.1 ± 6.9
 Anhedonic depression (AD) 10 14 17 22 29 18.4 ± 5.8 17 24 31 37 44 30.7 ± 8.3
 Anxious arousal (AA) 10 10 11 13 17 11.9 ± 3.0 18 26 31 37 43 31.3 ± 7.5
Short Form 36 (SF36)*    n=1294       n=5269    
 Physical Functioning 65 90 100 100 100 92.6 ± 14.2 25 60 80 95 100 74.8 ± 23.7
 Role-Physical 5 100 100 100 100 87.0 ± 27.2 0 0 25 75 100 37.2 ± 39.7
 Bodily Pain 54 78 90 100 100 86.4 ± 17.6 20 45 67 90 100 65.9 ± 27.5
 Social Functioning 63 88 100 100 100 89.9 ± 15.6 0 25 50 63 88 44.8 ± 26.1
 Mental health 56 72 80 88 96 79.7 ± 12.3 12 28 40 52 76 41.5 ± 18.2
 Role-Emotional 33 100 100 100 100 90.4 ± 24.8 0 0 0 33 100 28.2 ± 36.2
 Vitality 40 60 70 80 90 68.6 ± 15.3 5 20 35 45 65 34.3 ± 17.8
 General Health 45 65 80 90 100 76.2 ± 16.3 20 35 50 65 90 51. 6 ± 21.0
DAPP-SF    n=635       n=5035    
 Submissiveness 1.13 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.50 2.10 ± 0.75 1.25 2.25 3.00 3.63 4.38 2.94 ± 0.94
 Cognitive Distortion 1.00 1.00 1.17 1.50 2.33 1.36 ± 0.51 1.00 1.50 2.33 3.00 4.17 2.36 ± 0.96
 Identity Problems 1.00 1.00 1.33 1.83 2.70 1.54 ± 0.59 1.33 2.33 3.17 3.83 4.67 3.12 ± 1.02
 Affective Lability 1.00 1.38 1.88 2.50 3.50 2.01 ± 0.76 1.63 2.63 3.38 3.88 4.63 3.24 ± 0.88
 Stimulus Seeking 1.10 1.38 1.88 2.38 3.38 1.99 ± 0.72 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.63 3.75 2.13 ± 0.81
 Compulsivity 1.38 2.00 2.50 3.13 4.00 2.58 ± 0.77 1.38 2.13 2.88 3.63 4.50 2.89 ± 0.94
 Restricted Expression 1.25 1.75 2.25 2.88 3.63 2.33 ± 0.75 1.75 2.63 3.25 3.88 4.63 3.23 ± 0.86
 Callousness 1.00 1.30 1.60 2.00 2.60 1.69 ± 0.50 1.00 1.30 1.70 2.10 2.90 1.77 ± 0.60
 Oppositionality 1.00 1.40 1.80 2.30 3.20 1.91 ± 0.65 1.40 2.20 2.80 3.50 4.30 2.83 ± 0.89
 Intimacy Problems 1.13 1.63 2.13 2.50 3.38 2.14 ± 0.67 1.13 1.75 2.38 2.88 4.00 2.42 ± 0.85
 Rejection 1.38 1.88 2.50 3.00 3.75 2.47 ± 0.76 1.13 1.63 2.25 2.88 3.75 2.31 ± 0.82
 Anxiousness 1.00 1.33 1.83 2.50 3.50 2.03 ± 0.81 1.67 2.67 3.50 4.00 4.83 3.37 ± 0.94
 Conduct Problems 1.00 1.00 1.13 1.38 2.13 1.26 ± 0.37 1.00 1.00 1.25 1.63 2.63 1.43 ± 0.57
 Suspiciousness 1.00 1.00 1.13 1.50 2.15 1.32 ± 0.46 1.00 1.38 2.00 2.88 4.00 2.18 ± 0.99
 Social Avoidance 1.00 1.17 1.67 2.17 3.33 1.82 ± 0.73 1.17 2.17 3.00 3.83 4.67 2.98 ± 1.07
 Narcissism 1.00 1.63 2.13 2.63 3.50 2.18 ± 0.76 1.10 1.75 2.25 2.88 3.88 2.36 ± 0.83
 Insecure Attachment 1.00 1.17 1.50 2.17 3.33 1.74 ± 0.77 1.00 2.00 2.83 3.83 4.83 2.91 ± 1.13
 Self-Harm 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.50 1.07 ± 0.27 1.00 1.00 1.33 2.33 3.67 1.76 ± 0.96
  1. *Higher score corresponds with better functioning.
  2. ROM: Routine outcome monitoring.
  3. MASQ-D30 denotes Mood & Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire 30-item short adaptation; DAPP-SF denotes Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – short form.
  4. P denotes percentile; SD denotes standard deviation.
  5. To calculate sum scores for the DAPP-SF subscales, multiply the mean scores by the number of items per subscale.