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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Activities of daily living in dementia: revalidation of the E-ADL test and suggestions for further development

Characteristic Total (n = 139)
Age, mean (SD) 84.7 (4.9)
Women, No. (%) 115 (82.7)
Education, No. (%)
Not completed 15 (11.5)
Elementary/secondary school 90 (68.7)
Secondary modern school 17 (13.0)
College preparatory 8 (6.1)
College 1 (.8)
Missing data 8 (6.1)
Marital status, No. (%)
Married 22 (15.8)
Widowed 98 (70.5)
Divorced 5 (3.6)
Single 14 (10.1)
MMSE mean (SD) (range 0–30) 15.2 (5.3)
Care level No. (%)
None 22 (15.8)
1 66 (47.5)
2 51 (36.7)
NOSGER mean (SD)
Sum (range: 30 to 150) 77.7 (17.7)
Mood (range: 5 to 25) 10.3 (3.0)
Disturbing behaviour (range: 5 to 25) 8.0 (2.8)
Social behaviour (range: 5 to 25) 13.8 (4.2)
Memory (range: 5 to 25) 14.5 (4.7)
IADL (range: 5 to 25) 18.4 (4.9)
ADL (range: 5 to 25) 12.7 (4.6)
Barthel-Index, mean (SD) (range: 0 to 100) 53.1 (27.0)
E-ADL-Test, mean (SD) (range: 0 to 30) 25.1 (5,3)
ADAS-cog, mean (SD) (range: 0 to 70) 34.0 (13.1)
  1. MMSE: Mini-Mental Status Examination.
  2. NOSGER: Nurses’ Observation for Geriatric Patients.
  3. E-ADL-Test: Erlangen Test of Activities of Daily Living.
  4. ADAS-cog: Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale, subscale Cognition.