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Table 1 Demographic and clinical correlates of suicidal ideation in young people presenting for mental health care

From: Thoughts of death or suicidal ideation are common in young people aged 12 to 30 years presenting for mental health care

  No suicidal ideation (n = 336) a “Life not worth living” (n = 77) b Thoughts of death or Suicidal ideation (n = 81) c Significance Test [p] Post hoc
      a vs. b a vs. c b vs. c
Females, n (%) 145 (43%) 41 (53%) 53 (65%) χ2 (2, 493) = 13.6 [.001] na na na
Age, years 19.9 ± 4.6 19.4 ± 4.1 20.0 ± 4.1 F (2, 493) = 0.4 [.706]    
Age of onset, years 15.4 ± 4.7 15.4 ± 4.8 14.1 ± 3.7 F (2, 397) = 2.5 [.086]    
Predicted IQ 100.6 ± 11.7 101.4 ± 9.2 102.9 ± 9.5 F (2, 147.6) = 1.6 [.212]    
Education, years 11.5 ± 2.8 11.5 ± 2.5 11.5 ± 2.5 F (2, 489) = 0.1 [.942]    
SOFAS 62.4 ± 12.0 58.0 ± 11.2 57.0 ± 11.7 F (2, 387) = 7.2 [.001] * **  
HDRS total 8.7 ± 5.7 14.8 ± 5.6 19.0 ± 5.6 F (2, 476) = 120.7 [.000] *** *** ***
BPRS total 36.7 ± 8.6 43.7 ± 9.8 49.2 ± 10.5 F (2, 475) = 67.8 [.000] *** *** ***
K10 total 23.0 ± 7.4 30.4 ± 7.8 33.5 ± 6.1 F (2, 424) = 73.8 [.000] *** *** *
AUDIT total 6.9 ± 7.7 7.5 ± 8.6 8.2 ± 8.5 F (2, 491) = 0.9 [.399]    
  1. Note: Final columns provide the results of the post-hoc Scheffe’s pairwise comparisons (with corresponding significance levels: * < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001) where ‘a’ denotes the “No suicidal ideation” group (i.e. HDRS item-3 score = 0); ‘b’ denotes the “Life not worth living” group (i.e. HDRS item-3 score = 1) and ‘c’ denotes the “Thoughts of death or Suicidal ideation” group (i.e. HDRS item-3 score >1). SOFAS = Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale; HDRS = Hamilton Depression rating Scale; BPRS = Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; K-10 = Kessler-10; AUDIT = Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test.