Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical variables

From: Frontal lobe changes occur early in the course of affective disorders in young people

  Healthy Controls [N = 33] Help-Seeking/Attenuated Syndrome (stage 1) [N = 23] Discrete Disorder/Persistent or Recurrent Illness (stage 2/3) [N = 24] Significance Test (df) [p value]
Sex (f/m) 21/12 15/8 10/14 χ2 (80) = 3.5 [.171]
Age, years 23.9 ± 2.3 20.4 ± 5.2 23.5 ± 3.5 t (38.5) = -2.4 [.023]
Education, years 15.2 ± 2.2 12.1 ± 3.0 13.1 ± 2.6 t (38) = -1.1 [.281]
Predicted IQ 105.8 ± 8.5 105.0 ± 6.6 105.1 ± 6.6 t (39) = 0.1 [.899]
SOFAS 91.9 ± 3.5 65.3 ± 9.9 58.7 ± 13.4 t (34) = 1.7 [.104]
K-10 total 15.3 ± 6.1 26.4 ± 7.3 22.0 ± 7.0 t (40) = 2.0 [.055]
HDRS total 1.7 ± 1.7 10.6 ± 6.7 10.2 ± 7.6 t (36) = 0.2 [.878]
BPRS total 26.2 ± 2.2 37.1 ± 7.5 42.4 ± 10.7 t (35) = -1.7 [.090]
  1. Mean scores (± standard deviation) for demographic and clinical variables across groups. Statistical tests are between stage 1 and stage 2/3 cohorts. Group differences were tested using chi-square or -test.