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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical features of the sample

From: Psychosomatic syndromes and anorexia nervosa

  AN-R AN-BP Total sample Chi-square/t p
(N = 76) (N = 32) (N = 108)   
Married (%) 12 14 13 0.041 0.839
Living alone (%) 6 10 9 0.211 0.644
Occupation (%) 22 28 24 0.240 0.624
Age (mean ± SD) 26.1 ± 9.1 30.7 ± 8.9 27.4 ± 9.2 −2.477 0.016
Years of education (mean ± SD) 12.9 ± 2.6 13.4 ± 3.1 13.1 ± 2.6 −0.479 0.637
Body Mass Index (mean ± SD) 14.8 ± 2.4 15.2 ± 3.3 14.9 ± 2.7 −0.865 0.392
Number of previous outpatient treatments (mean ± SD) 0.6 ± 0.8 0.7 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 0.9 −0.364 0.718
Duration of illness (years, mean ± SD) 7.8 ± 8.2 12.4 ± 8.4 9.1 ± 8.5 −2.652 0.009
Age of onset (years, mean ± SD) 18.3 ± 6.1 18.2 ± 5.2 18.3 ± 5.8 −0.072 0.942
Number of hospitalizations in the previous year (mean ± SD) 1.1 ± 1.7 1.92 ± 3.4 1.4 ± 2.4 −1.046 0.302
TCI      
Novelty seeking 16.3 ± 5.7 19.4 ± 6.1   −2.401 0.018
Harm avoidance 23.4 ± 11.3 21.5 ± 8.0   0.849 0.398
Reward dependence 14. ± 3.9 12.5 ± 4.5   1.762 0.081
Persistence 6.4 ± 9.6 5.2 ± 2.7   0.663 0.509
Self-directedness 23.8 ± 9.7 20.1 ± 7.5   1.840 0.069
Cooperativeness 31.0 ± 7.6 29.4 ± 7.3   0.999 0.320
Self-trascendence 12.6 ± 6.5 15.8 ± 5.9   2.346 0.021
EDI-2      
Drive for thinness 10.9 ± 7.6 10.2 ± 6.9   0.385 0.701
Bulimia 2.5 ± 3.7 6.1 ± 6.3   −3.516 0.001
Body dissatisfaction 12.2 ± 6.7 13.7 ± 7.7   −0.910 0.365
Ineffectiveness 9.6 ± 8.0 11.9 ± 8.2   −1.261 0.210
Perfectionism 5.3 ± 4.3 6.6 ± 4.6   −1.248 0.215
Interpersonal distrust 6.7 ± 5.4 8.1 ± 5.7   −1.135 0.259
Interoceptive awareness 10.4 ± 7.9 12.5 ± 9.1   −1.130 0.261
Maturity fears 7.4 ± 5.3 8.4 ± 6.3   −0.747 0.457
Asceticism 6.9 ± 4.7 9.7 ± 6.4   −2.332 0.022
Impulse regulation 5.9 ± 6.1 9.5 ± 7.4   −2.504 0.014
Social insecurity 7.5 ± 5.1 10.3 ± 5.6   −2.359 0.020
BSQ 103.1 ± 42.1 103.2 ± 48.3   −0.006 0.995
BDI 14.8 ± 7.5 17.0 ± 8.0   −1.259 0.211
  1. Legend:
  2. AN-R: Anorexia Nervosa Restricting type.
  3. AN-BP: Anorexia Nervosa Binge-Purging type.
  4. TCI: Temperament and Character Inventory.
  5. EDI-2: Eating Disorder Inventory-2.
  6. BSQ: Body Dissatisfaction Questionnaire.
  7. BDI: Beck Depression Inventory.