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Table 5 Effect sizes and confidence intervals of questionnaires regarding additional outcomes

From: Internet-based interventions for eating disorders in adults: a systematic review

   Ljotsson et al. [16] Johnston et al. [15] Carrard et al. [12] Sanchez-Ortiz et al. [19] Carrard et al. [13]
Depression       
BDI (-II) ESwithin (CI 95%)    0. 61 (0. 26- 0. 96)   0. 61 (0. 15- 1. 07)
ESbetween (CI 95%)    0.37 (-0.09-0.83)   0. 80 (0. 17- 1. 43)
HADS ESwithin (CI 95%)   0.08 (-0.20-0.36)   2. 18 (1. 59- 2. 77)  
ESbetween (CI 95%)   0.18 (-0.23-0.59)   0. 97 (0. 49- 1. 45)  
MADRS ESwithin (CI 95%) 0. 78 (0. 40- 1. 16)     
ESbetween (CI 95%) 0. 76 (0. 27- 1. 14)     
Anxiety       
HADS ESwithin (CI 95%)   0.27 (-0.02-0.56)   1. 01 (0. 62- 1. 40)  
ESbetween (CI 95%)   0.02 (-0.38-0.42)   0. 82 (0. 33- 1. 31)  
Quality of life       
IWQOL-Lite       
Physical functioning ESwithin (CI 95%)      0. 44 (0. 00- 0. 88)
ESbetween (CI 95%)      0.37 (-0.24-0.98)
Self-esteem ESwithin (CI 95%)      0. 55 (0. 10- 1. 00)
ESbetween (CI 95%)      0.59 (-0.03-1.21)
Sexual life ESwithin (CI 95%)      0. 49 (0. 05- 0. 93)
ESbetween (CI 95%)      0. 84 (0. 21- 1. 47)
Public distress ESwithin (CI 95%)      0. 52 (0. 07- 0. 97)
ESbetween (CI 95%)      0. 73 (0. 10- 1. 36)
Work ESwithin (CI 95%)      0.43 (-0.01-0.87)
ESbetween (CI 95%)      0. 94 (0. 30- 1. 58)
Total score ESwithin (CI 95%)    0.30 (-0.03-0.63)   0. 68 (0. 21- 1. 15)
ESbetween (CI 95%)    0.01 (-0.45-0.47)   0. 78 (0. 15- 1. 41)
WHOQOL-Bref       
Physical health ESwithin (CI 95%)     1. 01 (0. 62- 1. 40)  
ESbetween (CI 95%)     1. 03 (0. 55- 1. 51)  
Psychological health ESwithin (CI 95%)     0. 77 (0. 41- 1. 13)  
ESbetween (CI 95%)     0. 80 (0. 33- 1. 27)  
Social ESwithin (CI 95%)     0. 67 (0. 32- 1. 02)  
ESbetween (CI 95%)     0. 65 (0. 19- 1. 11)  
Enviromental ESwithin (CI 95%)     0.15 (-0.17-0.47)  
ESbetween(CI 95%)     0.19 (-0.26-0.64)  
SWLS       
Total ESwithin (CI 95%) 0. 41 (0. 06- 0. 76)     
ESbetween (CI 95%) 0.31 (-0.17-0.79)     
  1. ES Effect Sizes calculated according to Hedges [40], CI Confidence intervals were calculated using formulas according to Hedges and Olkin [40]. Boldface data show CIs not covering zero.
  2. BDI (-II) Beck Depression Inventory, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, MADRS Montgomery Åsberg Depression Scale Self-assessment, SWLS Satisfaction with Life Scale; IWQOL-Lite, Impact of Weight on Quality of Life, WHOQOL-Bref WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire (short form).