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Table 1 Characteristics of high (N = 65) and low humiliation (N = 121) groups and the total sample (N = 186)

From: Perceived humiliation during admission to a psychiatric emergency service and its relation to socio-demography and psychopathology

Variables High humiliation Low humiliation p-value Effect size* Total sample
(N = 65) (N = 121) (N = 186)
Age at admission, mean (SD) 38.1 (14.1) 37.0 (13.0) 0.59   37.3 (13.4)
Sex, N (%)    0.89   
  Males 38 (59) 72 (60)    110 (59)
  Females 27 (41) 49 (40)    76 (41)
Relationship status, N (%)    0.87   
  Paired 17 (26) 33 (27)    50 (27)
  Non-paired 48 (74) 88 (73)    136 (73)
Level of education, N (%)    0.04 0.33  
  ≤ 12 years 60 (92) 98 (81)    158 (85)
  > 12 years 5 (8) 23 (19)    28 (15)
Work status, N (%)    0.003 0.48  
  In paid work 9 (14) 41 (34)    50 (27)
  Not in paid work 56 (86) 80 (66)    136 (73)
Admission status, N (%)    <0.001 0.95  
  Compulsive admission 53 (82) 45 (37)    98 (53)
  Voluntary admission 12 (18) 76 (63)    88 (47)
Diagnosis at discharge, N (%)    <0.001   
  Non-psychotic disorders 23 (35) 61 (50)    84 (45
  Mood disorders 14 (22) 40 (33)    54 (29)
  Schizophrenia 28 (43) 20 (17)    48 (26)
No of previous admissions, N (%)    0.09   
  None 29 (45) 70 (58)    99 (53)
  One or more 36 (55) 51 (42)    87 (47)
Duration of this admission, N (%)    <0.001   
  2 weeks or less 23 (35) 78 (65)    101 (54)
  3 – 4 weeks 22 (34) 28 (23)    50 (27)
  5 – 28 weeks 20 (31) 15 (12)    35 (19)
  1. *Effect size is only given if p-value is significant and cannot be calculated for three-ways chi-square tests.