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Table 1 Socio-demographic and home environment characteristics of parents and children at baseline by study area (N=420)

From: Impact of postpartum anxiety and depression on child’s mental development from two peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan: a quasi-experimental study

  Manzoor colony (N=155) Qayoomabad (N=265)
Mean (SD) age of mothers (years) 27.0 (5.3) 25.5 (4.4)
Mother’s educational level; n(%)   
Illiterate 46 (29.7%) 65 (24.5%)
Read & Write Only/Below Matric 51 (32.9%) 116 (43.8%)
Matric or above 58 (37.4%) 84 (31.7%)
Educational level of husband; n(%)   
Illiterate 33 (21.3%) 41 (15.5%)
Read & Write Only/Below Matric 47 (30.3%) 92 (34.7%)
Matric or above 75 (48.4%) 132 (49.8%)
Mean (SD) income of husband (Rupees) (N=417) 1 5336.1 (3492.2) 5402.7 (3076.4)
Mean (SD) of total number of children alive 2 (N=416) 3 2.2 (2.2) 1.7 (1.6)
Woman subjected to domestic physical abuse 4 ; n(%)   
Yes 0 (0%) 8 (3.0%)
No 155 (100%) 257 (97.0%)
Woman subjected to domestic verbal abuse 5 ; n(%)   
Yes 2(1.3%) 15 (5.7%)
No 153 (98.7%) 250 (94.3%)
Mother works for pay or profit; n(%)   
Yes 13 (8.4%) 18 (6.8%)
No 142 (91.6%) 247 (93.2%)
Current pregnancy accepted; n(%)   
Yes 140 (90.3%) 209 (78.9%)
No 15 (9.7%) 56 (21.1%)
Any complication during delivery; n(%)   
Yes 44 (28.4%) 96 (36.2%)
No 111 (71.6%) 169 (63.8%)
Children subjected to domestic physical abuse 6 ; n(%)   
Yes 0 (0.0%) 17 (6.4%)
No 155 (100.0%) 248 (93.6%)
Children subjected to domestic verbal abuse 7 ; n(%)   
Yes 0 (0.0%) 20 (7.5%)
No 155 (100.0%) 245 (92.5%)
Child’s gender; n(%)   
Male 74 (47.7%) 145 (54.7%)
Female 81 (52.3%) 120 (45.3%)
Child had difficulty in breast feeding; n(%)   
Yes 20 (12.9%) 39 (14.7%)
No 135 (87.1%) 226 (85.3%)
  1. 1Three women at Qayoomabad site had missing information for husband’s income.
  2. 2Total number of children alive at the index pregnancy.
  3. 3Four women at Qayoomabad site had missing information for total number of children alive.
  4. 4Defined as woman physically abused by any person in the house.
  5. 5Defined as woman verbally abused by any person in the house.
  6. 6Defined as children physically abused by any person in the house.
  7. 7Defined as children verbally abused by any person in the house.