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Table 1 Comparison for clinical, motivational and personality traits at baseline between the two clinical groups (N = 40)

From: Treatment outcome of patients with comorbid type 1 diabetes and eating disorders

  Mean – standard deviation Mean comparisons and Cohen’s-d
  No-DM With T1DM p Mean diff. 95% CI (mean differ.) |d |
(n = 20) (n = 20)
Binges per week 4.10 6.46 3.71 6.98 .860 −0.39 −4.88 4.09 0.06
Vomits per week 4.80 9.43 1.65 3.77 .205 −3.15 −8.11 1.80 0.44
Laxatives per week 5.20 15.71 0.82 3.40 .269 −4.38 −12.28 3.53 0.39
Diuretics per week 1.05 4.70 0.44 1.75 .625 −0.61 −3.13 1.91 0.17
Body mass index (kg/m2) 22.59 6.23 23.34 6.35 .722 0.75 −3.51 5.02 0.12
Perceived Intensity of ED 5.85 2.03 4.35 2.11 .028* −1.50 −2.83 −0.17 0.72*
Need for treatment 5.90 2.40 5.30 2.41 .435 −0.60 −2.14 0.94 0.25
Impairment 5.50 2.26 3.65 2.66 .023* −1.85 −3.43 −0.27 0.75*
Worry (self) 6.45 1.99 5.55 2.96 .266 −0.90 −2.52 0.72 0.36
EDI: Drive for thinness 13.11 6.00 12.15 5.40 .604 −0.96 −4.66 2.75 0.17
EDI: Body dissatisfaction 15.47 7.81 15.45 8.78 .993 −0.02 −5.42 5.38 0.00
EDI: Interoceptive awareness 14.11 7.74 9.50 6.82 .056 −4.61 −9.33 0.12 0.63*
EDI: Bulimia 5.58 5.90 5.70 5.70 .948 0.12 −3.64 3.89 0.02
EDI: Interpersonal distrust 6.68 3.51 5.75 4.66 .486 −0.93 −3.62 1.75 0.23
EDI: Ineffectiveness 11.21 7.07 10.90 7.91 .898 −0.31 −5.19 4.56 0.04
EDI: Maturity fears 6.74 5.59 8.75 5.22 .252 2.01 −1.49 5.52 0.37
EDI: Perfectionism 6.21 3.60 5.45 5.22 .601 −0.76 −3.68 2.16 0.17
EDI: Impulse regulation 7.32 4.66 7.55 7.07 .904 0.23 −3.67 4.14 0.04
EDI: Asceticism 6.63 4.18 6.60 4.31 .982 −0.03 −2.79 2.72 0.01
EDI: Social insecurity 8.42 4.26 8.95 6.39 .764 0.53 −3.01 4.07 0.10
EDI: Total score 101.47 39.10 96.75 48.80 .741 −4.72 −33.51 24.06 0.11
TCI-R: Novelty seeking 103.05 12.78 101.79 16.65 .795 −1.26 −11.03 8.50 0.09
TCI-R: Harm avoidance 118.32 15.11 115.42 21.43 .633 −2.89 −15.10 9.31 0.16
TCI-R: Reward dependence 105.32 12.52 101.84 16.94 .477 −3.47 −13.27 6.33 0.23
TCI-R: Persistence 119.47 22.68 101.16 29.31 .038* −18.32 −35.56 −1.07 0.70*
TCI-R: Self-directedness 114.37 19.82 116.47 23.78 .769 2.11 −12.30 16.51 0.10
TCI-R: Cooperativeness 136.16 13.31 136.79 12.83 .882 0.63 −7.97 9.23 0.05
TCI-R: Self-Transcendence 68.95 14.50 65.84 12.16 .479 −3.11 −11.91 5.70 0.23
  1. *Bold: significant comparison (.05 level). *Bold: moderate to high effect size (|d| ≥ 0.5).