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Table 4 The impact of FNA on subject sleep quality/amount and daytime sleepiness (N = 20,505)

From: Frequent nocturnal awakening in children: prevalence, risk factors, and associations with subjective sleep perception and daytime sleepiness

  Model I Model II
Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue Adjusted OR (95% CI) Pvalue
Nocturnal awakening and subject sleep quality (poor vs. good)
Nocturnal awakening 1.46 (1.32-1.61) <.001 1.24 (1.10-1.40) <.001
None 1.00   1.00  
Nocturnal awakening and subject sleep amount (insufficiency vs. sufficiency)
Nocturnal awakening 1.48 (1.34-1.63) <.001 1.21 (1.06-1.41) .007
None 1.00   1.00  
Nocturnal awakening and daytime sleepiness (daytime sleepiness vs. none)
Nocturnal awakening 1.64 (1.48-1.82) <.001 1.35 (1.21-1.53) <.001
None 1.00   1.00  
  1. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval;
  2. Model I adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics;
  3. Model II additionally adjusted for bedtime resistance, irregular sleep habits, sleep anxiety, parasomnia, sleep disordered breathing, bedtime, wake time, and sleep duration.