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Table 1 Each service (versus all others) on the care pathway: demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Which pathways to psychiatric care lead to earlier treatment and a shorter duration of first-episode psychosis?

Contacts on care pathway GP NRH CHSC CJS HospMed PS A&E EC
Characteristics N n (row%) and P values (X2or Exact test)
Age 25 or less 166 58 (34.94) 4 (2.41) 9 (5.42) 44 (26.5) 1 (0.6) 7 (4.22) 39 (23.49) 4 (2.41)
  >25 to 32 159 49 (30.82) 4 (2.52) 14 (8.81) 49 (25.16) 2 (1.26) 1 (0.63) 44 (27.67) 5 (3.14)
  >32 155 62 (40.00) 4 (2.58) 13 (8.39) 38 (24.52) 4 (2.58) 7 (4.52) 19 (12.26) 8 (5.16)
    P = 0.23 P = 1.00* P = 0.45 P = 0.92 P = 0.27* P = 0.06* P = 0.003 P = 0.43*
Gender Male 294 81 (27.55) 8 (2.72) 21 (7.14) 97 (32.99) 2 (0.68) 10 (3.40) 63 (21.43) 12 (4.08)
  Female 186 88 (47.31) 4 (2.15) 15 (8.06) 25 (13.44) 5 (2.69) 5 (2.69) 39 (20.97) 5 (2.69)
    P < 0.001 P = 0.77* P = 0.71 P < 0.001 P = 0.12* P = 0.79* P = 0.90 P = 0.46*
Single No 202 91 (45.05) 7 (2.52) 21 (10.40) 31 (15.35) 4 (1.98) 4 (1.98) 42 (20.79) 4 (1.98)
  Yes 278 78 (28.06) 5 (2.48) 15 (5.40) 91 (32.73) 3 (1.08) 11 (3.96) 60 (21.58) 13 (4.68)
    P < 0.001 P = 1.00* P = 0.04 P < 0.001 P = 0.46* P = 0.29* P = 0.83 P = 0.14*
Qualifications No 255 88 (34.51) 8 (3.14) 22 (8.63) 69 (27.06) 5 (1.96) 4 (1.57) 51 (20.00) 8 (3.14)
  Yes 214 75 (35.05) 4 (1.87) 14 (6.54) 52 (24.30) 1 (0.47) 11 (5.14) 48 (22.43) 9 (4.21)
    P = 0.90 P = 0.56* P = 0.40 P = 0.50 P = 0.23* P = 0.04* P = 0.52 P = 0.62*
Social class I,II,III 113 46 (40.71) 1 (0.88) 6 (5.31) 29 (25.66) 1 (0.88) 2 (1.77) 23 (20.35) 5 (4.42)
  IV,V 226 73 (32.30) 6 (2.65) 15 (6.64) 61 (26.99) 3 (1.33) 6 (2.65) 53 (23.45) 9 (3.98)
  Unclassified 141 50 (35.46) 5 (3.55) 15 (10.64) 32 (22.70) 3 (2.13) 7 (4.96) 26 (18.44) 3 (2.13)
    P = 0.31 P = 0.42* P = 0.22 P = 0.65 P = 0.79* P = 0.37* P = 0.50 P = 0.56*
Born in UK No 239 86 (35.98) 9 (3.77) 16 (6.69) 52 (21.76) 5 (2.09) 8 (3.35) 57 (23.85) 6 (2.51)
  Yes 241 83 (34.44) 3 (1.24) 20 (8.30) 70 (29.05) 2 (0.83) 7 (2.9) 45 (18.67) 11 (4.56)
    P = 0.72 P = 0.09* P = 0.51 P = 0.07 P = 0.28* P = 0.78 P = 0.17 P = 0.32*
Ethnicity White 177 65 (36.72) 3 (1.69) 11 (6.21) 37 (20.90) 4 (2.26) 5 (2.82) 40 (22.60) 12 (6.78)
  Black 160 43 (26.88) 0 13 (8.13) 60 (37.50) 2 (1.25) 5 (3.13) 33 (20.63) 4 (2.5)
  Indian sub-continent 114 54 (47.37) 8 (7.02) 7 (6.14) 13 (11.40) 1 (0.88) 5 (4.39) 25 (21.93) 1 (0.88)
  Other 29 17 (24.14) 1 (3.45) 5 (17.24) 12 (41.38) 0 0 4 (13.79) 0
    P = 0.003 P = 0.002* P = 0.21* P < 0.001 P = 0.81* P = 0.80* P = 0.78* P = 0.04*
Diagnosis of schizophrenia Yes 165 45 (27.27) 5 (3.03) 16 (9.70) 53 (32.12) 1 (0.61) 6 (3.64) 36 (21.82) 3 (1.82)
No 315 124 (39.37) 7 (2.22) 20 (6.35) 69 (21.90) 6 (1.90) 9 (2.86) 66 (20.95) 14 (4.44)
    P = 0.008 P = 0.56* P = 0.19 P = 0.02 P = 0.43* P = 0.64 P = 0.83 P = 0.19*
Detained within a week Yes 253 78 (30.83) 7 (2.77) 22 (8.70) 78 (30.83) 6 (2.37) 9 (3.56) 45 (17.79) 8 (3.16)
No 221 89 (40.27) 5 (2.26) 13 (5.88) 42 (19.00) 1 (0.45) 6 (2.71) 56 (25.34) 9 (4.07)
    P = 0.03 P = 0.78* P = 0.24 P = 0.003 P = 0.13* P = 0.60 P = 0.05 P = 0.63*
Close perons^ mean (sd) 433 4.3 (4.15) 5.64 (4.70) 2.20 (2.32) 3.83 (3.63) 3.83 (2.99) 2.71 (2.76) 4.91 (4.80) 2.77 (1.99)
  1. Note. *Exact test.
  2. ^Kruskal Wallis X2 = 19.51, df = 7 P = 0.007.