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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of domains of QOL at baseline (T1) and one year after (T2) (N = 165) 1

From: Sense of coherence and quality of life in older in-hospital patients without cognitive impairment- a 12 month follow-up study

  QoL at T1 QoL at T2
  Physical Psychological Social Environmental Physical Psychological Social Environmental
SOC at T1 Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Low 11.51 (2.67) 14.56 (1.62) 14.13 (1.79) 14.81 (1.68) 13.00 (2.09) 14.86 (1.69) 14.26 (1.50) 12.93 (1.42)
Medium high 12.89 (2.17) 15.71 (1.48) 14.68 (1.64) 15.46 (1.76) 13.23 (1.92) 14.90 (1.28) 14.58 (1.26) 13.15 (1.25)
High 13.49 (2.10) 15.72 (0.99) 14.71 (0.81) 15.67 (1.23) 14.18 (1.68) 15.60 (1.14) 14.72 (0.54) 13.46 (0.92)
Total 12.61 (2.45)** 15.35 (1.49)** 14.50 (1.51) 15.31 (1.62)* 13.44 (1.97)** 15.09 (1.43)* 14.51 (1.20) 13.17 (1.23)
  1. QoL = Quality of life, SOC = Sense of Coherence.
  2. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01 analyzed with ANOVA by level of SOC.
  3. 1A higher score indicate higher QoL (possible score range are 4–20).