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Table 2 Prevalence (95% CI) of chronic comorbidities of dementia in ≥65-year-old men and women

From: Comorbidity of dementia: a cross-sectional study of primary care older patients

Rank Disease Men Disease Women
1 Hypertension 38.6 (35.9 - 41.4) Hypertension 44.9 (43.1 - 46.8)
2 Diabetes 20.3 (18.0 - 22.5) Anxiety, neuroses 23.4 (21.9 - 25.0)
3 Prostatic hypertrophy 19.0 (16.8 - 21.2) Degenerative joint disease 20.5 (19.0 - 22.0)
4 Degenerative joint disease 15.3 (13.2 - 17.3) Disorders of lipid metabolism 18.7 (17.2 - 20.1)
5 Disorders of lipid metabolism 15.3 (13.2 - 17.3) Low back pain 16.6 (15.2 - 18.0)
6 Low back pain 14.1 (12.1 - 16.1) Diabetes 15.8 (14.4 - 17.1)
7 Anxiety, neuroses 13.8 (11.9 - 15.8) Osteoporosis 10.9 (9.8 - 12.1)
8 COPD 11.0 (9.2 - 12.8) Anemia 9.8 (8.7 - 10.9)
9 Cardiac arrhythmia 9.5 (7.9 - 11.2) Thyroid disease 8.4 (7.3 - 9.4)
10 Dermatitis and eczema 9.4 (7.7 - 11.0) Varicose veins of lower extremities 7.4 (6.4 - 8.3)
11 Anemia 9.1 (7.5 - 10.8) Cataracts, aphakia 7.1 (6.1 - 8.0)
12 Cataracts, aphakia 6.8 (5.3 - 8.2) Cardiac arrhythmia 6.9 (5.9 - 7.8)
13 Cerebrovascular disease 6.7 (5.2 - 8.1) Dermatitis and eczema 6.9 (5.9 - 7.8)
14 Ischemic heart disease1 6.6 (5.2 - 8.0) Chronic skin ulcers 4.7 (3.9 - 5.5)
15 Thyroid disease 4.5 (3.3 - 5.7) Cerebrovascular disease 4.6 (3.8 - 5.3)
16 Generalized atherosclerosis 4.2 (3.1 - 5.4) Gastroesophageal reflux 3.9 (3.2 - 4.6)
17 Malignant neoplasms, prostate 4.1 (3.0 - 5.3) Congestive heart failure 3.8 (3.1 - 4.5)
18 Glaucoma 4.0 (2.9 - 5.1) Glaucoma 3.7 (3.0 - 4.4)
19 Gastroesophageal reflux 3.4 (2.3 - 4.4) Ischemic heart disease1 3.3 (2.6 - 4.0)
20 Cervical pain syndromes 3.4 (2.3 - 4.4) Behavior problems 3.1 (2.5 - 3.8)
21 Parkinson's disease 3.0 (2.0 - 3.9) Cervical pain syndromes 3.1 (2.4 - 3.7)
22 Chronic skin ulcers 2.9 (1.9 - 3.8) Asthma 2.6 (2.0 - 3.2)
23 Congestive heart failure 2.8 (1.8 - 3.7) Low-impact malignant neoplasms 2.6 (2.0 - 3.2)
24 Acute myocardial infarction 2.8 (1.8 - 3.7) Obesity 2.6 (2.0 - 3.2)
25 Varicose veins of lower extremities 2.5 (1.6 - 3.4) Cardiovascular disorders, other 2.5 (1.9 - 3.1)
26 Hematologic disorders, other 2.4 (1.5 - 3.2) COPD 2.5 (1.9 - 3.1)
27 Deafness, hearing loss 2.4 (1.5 - 3.2) Hematologic disorders, other 2.2 (1.7 - 2.8)
28 Osteoporosis 2.0 (1.2 - 2.8) Deafness, hearing loss 2.0 (1.5 - 2.6)
29 Low-impact malignant neoplasms 2.0 (1.2 - 2.8) Peripheral neuropathy, neuritis 2.0 (1.5 - 2.5)
30 Obesity 1.9 (1.1 - 2.6) Generalized atherosclerosis 1.8 (1.3 - 2.3)
31 Cardiovascular disorders, other 1.8 (1.0 - 2.5) Depression 1.6 (1.1 - 2.0)
32 Behavior problems 1.7 (1.0 - 2.4) Parkinson's disease 1.5 (1.1 - 2.0)
33 Gout 1.6 (0.9 - 2.3) Diverticular disease of colon 1.4 (1.0 - 1.8)
34 Malignant neoplasms, colorectal 1.5 (0.8 - 2.2) Other endocrine disorders 1.3 (0.9 - 1.7)
35 Retinal disorders2 1.4 (0.7 - 2.0) Thrombophlebitis 1.3 (0.9 - 1.7)
36 Peripheral neuropathy, neuritis 1.2 (0.6 - 1.8) Acute myocardial infarction 1.1 (0.8 - 1.5)
37 Renal calculi 1.2 (0.6 - 1.8)   
38 Thrombophlebitis 1.1 (0.5 - 1.7)   
39 Diverticular disease of colon 1.0 (0.4 - 1.6)   
40 Other endocrine disorders 1.0 (0.4 - 1.6)   
41 Substance use 1.0 (0.4 - 1.6)   
  1. COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  2. 1excluding AMI.
  3. 2excluding diabetic retinopathy.
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