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Table 2 Clinical outcomes 0–12 months

From: Anthroposophic therapy for chronic depression: a four-year prospective cohort study

Item N 0 months 12 months P-value Median difference (95%-CI)* Improved** SRM
   Mean (SD) Mean (SD)     
CES-D (0–60)        
-all patients 75 34.77 (8.21) 19.55 (13.12) p < 0.001 15.50 (12.50–18.50) 85% 1.20
-AM Art Therapy 33 36.94 (8.58) 21.12 (11.99) p < 0.001 15.50 (11.50–19.50) 91% 1.32
--painting/drawing/clay 27 38.95 (8.24) 23.18 (12.52) p < 0.001 15.00 (10.50–21.50) 91% 1.25
-Eurythmy Therapy 27 30.70 (5.55) 16.67 (13.32) p < 0.001 15.00 (8.50–19.50) 81% 1.08
Disease Score (0–10) 57 7.09 (1.38) 2.84 (2.07) p < 0.001 4.50 (4.00–5.00) 95% 1.77
Symptom Score (0–10) 69 6.35 (1.47) 3.90 (2.42) p < 0.001 2.63 (1.92–3.29) 81% 0.91
SF-36 Mental Component 80 26.11 (7.98) 39.15 (12.08) p < 0.001 13.04 (10.45–16.05) 83% 1.11
SF-36 Physical Component 80 43.78 (9.46) 48.79 (9.00) p < 0.001 4.96 (3.02–6.84) 71% 0.59
SF-36 Scales (0–100)        
Physical Function 82 75.12 (22.80) 85.15 (19.00) p < 0.001 10.00 (5.00–12.50) 63% 0.54
Role Physical 81 31.58 (35.52) 68.21 (38.33) p < 0.001 50.00 (37.50–62.50) 65% 0.88
Role-Emotional 80 22.92 (32.52) 60.21 (39.38) p < 0.001 50.00 (33.34–66.67) 69% 0.87
Social Functioning 82 43.14 (22.92) 65.70 (26.48) p < 0.001 25.00 (18.75–37.50) 72% 0.80
Mental Health 81 33.48 (13.82) 56.10 (19.05) p < 0.001 22.00 (18.00–28.00) 88% 1.19
Bodily Pain 82 50.27 (26.74) 66.67 (25.06) p < 0.001 19.50 (12.50–26.00) 63% 0.65
Vitality 81 23.50 (12.47) 46.05 (19.47) p < 0.001 25.00 (20.00–30.00) 68% 1.22
General Health 81 41.80 (18.55) 55.81 (20.35) p < 0.001 13.50 (10.00–18.50) 78% 0.76
SF-36 Health Change*** 81 3.58 (1.00) 2.10 (1.08) p < 0.001 2.00 (1.50–2.00) 63% 1.06
  1. *Positive differences indicate improvement. **Percentage of patients improved from baseline. ***SF-36 Health Change: range from 1 ("much better now than one year ago") to 5 ("much worse now than one year ago"). SRM: Standardised Response Mean effect size (small: 0.20–0.49, medium: 0.50–0.79, large: ≥ 0.80)