Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence of PTSD in different groups

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents one year after a super-cyclone in Orissa, India: exploring cross-cultural validity and vulnerability factors

Variables Total (N = 447) Proportion with PTSD (N = 137) 95% CI
  n % n %  
Gender      
   Female 224 50.1 72 32.1 25.9–38.2
   Male 223 49.9 65 29.1 23.1–35.1
Age categories in years*      
   10 or less 53 11.9 13 24.5 18.6–30.5
   11–13 175 39.1 75 42.9 35.6–50.2
   14 or above 219 48.9 49 22.4 19.6–25.2
Educational level*      
   Class 5 or less 120 26.8 50 41.7 32.9–50.5
   Class 6–8 110 24.6 41 37.3 28.3–46.3
   Class 9–10 217 48.5 46 21.2 15.8–26.6
Socioeconomic status*      
   Below poverty line 272 60.8 66 24.3 19.2–29.4
   Lower 96 21.5 29 30.2 21.2–39.4
   Middle 79 17.7 42 53.2 42.2–64.2
Exposure*      
   High 268 59.9 117 43.7 37.8–49.6
   Low 179 40.0 20 11.2 6.6–15.8
Traumatic experience      
   Death in family 17 3.8 6 35.3 12.6–58.0
   Had disaster warning** 186 41.6 67 36.0 29.1–42.9
   Home damaged 379 84.8 116 30.6 25.9–35.2
   Had to stay away from home 348 77.8 108 31.0 26.2–35.9
   Had extreme degree of fear during cyclone 388 86.8 122 31.4 29.1–33.7
  1. *p < 0.001; **p < 0.05; CI: Confidence Interval