Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

On the outcome of the treatment of mentally disordered criminal offenders (according to §64 German penal code) suffering from addictive disorders

  • 1 and
  • 1
BMC Psychiatry20077 (Suppl 1) :P12

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-7-S1-P12

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Primary Prevention
  • Psychiatric Hospitalization
  • Outpatient Department
  • Criminal Offence
  • Penal Code

Background

To present findings on criminal conviction and recidivism rates of 277 criminal offenders ordered to a forensic psychiatric facility caring for addictive disorders between 1996 and 2001.

Methods

Cluster- and regression-analytic procedures identified predictive variables for declaring the forensic psychiatric hospitalization as useless, and for relevant criminal offences after discharge.

Results

About 85% of the study sample showed more than four offences and more than 1.5 years of imprisonment before admission to the index-treatment episode. About half of the patients was successfully treated as indicated by being released on licence. Socialization in institutions, social desintegration before admission, and absconding during the index-treatment episode are important factors increasing the probability of declaring the hospitalization as useless. In the 2-year observation period, the criminal recidivism rate was 40.0%.

Conclusion

Social reintegration of this group of mentally disordered criminal offenders is as difficult as important. Findings on recidivism rates indicate a need for extending the number of specialized forensic outpatient departments and a need to focus on primary prevention.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, D-01307 Dresden, Germany

Copyright

Advertisement