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Involuntary outpatient treatment: the data and controversy

Involuntary Outpatient Commitment, also referred to as Assisted Outpatient Treatment or Community Treatment Orders, are controversial civil court procedures whereby judges may order non-adherent mentally ill individuals to comply with treatment. This presentation will summarize the data and controversy about these procedures and put them in the context of the larger debate about the use of coercion in mental health treatment.

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Correspondence to Marvin Swartz.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Swartz, M. Involuntary outpatient treatment: the data and controversy. BMC Psychiatry 7, S28 (2007).

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  • Public Health
  • Mental Health
  • Health Treatment
  • Mental Health Treatment
  • Community Treatment