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Table 2 National adult sample (Sample 1): Hierarchical linear regression analyses (unstandardised regression coefficients) for variables predicting personal and perceived stigma and social distance

From: Predictors of depression stigma

  Depression Stigma Scale (DSS) Social Distance Scale
  Personal Stigma Perceived stigma     
  Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2
  B p B p B p B p B p B p
Sociodemographic characteristics             
   Age# 0.35 0.0001*** 0.23 0.006** -0.15 0.003** -0.13 0.01** 0.04 0.0001*** 0.03 0.0001***
   Male sex 1.64 0.0001*** 0.85 0.006** -0.61 0.08 -0.40 0.26 0.13 0.001** 0.08 0.043*
   Education -2.37 0.0001*** -1.50 0.0001*** 0.02 0.96 0.33 0.44 -0.09 0.053 -0.04 0.42
   Born overseas 0.90 0.017* 0.43 0.22 0.17 0.68 0.21 0.60 0.01 0.86 -0.03 0.56
   Remoteness -0.44 0.22 -0.23 0.48 -0.37 0.33 -0.40 0.29 -0.04 0.28 0.03 0.41
Other             
   Aware of national depression initiative    -1.34 0.0001***    0.25 0.54    -0.07 0.10
   History of depression    -0.96 0.005**    -1.12 0.004**    -0.11 0.008**
   Service/treatment provider    -1.59 0.0001***    0.55 0.19    -0.07 0.12
   Family member/friend with depression    -2.15 0.0001***    1.03 0.009**    -0.13 0.002**
   Recognition of disorder    -1.46 0.0001***    0.40 0.29    -0.13 0.001**
R2 (R2 adjusted) 0.133 (0.128) 0.256 (0.249) 0.013 (0.008) 0.030 (0.020) 0.076 (0.071) 0.125 (0.116)
R2 change 0.133 0.123 0.013 0.017 0.076 0.049
F change 29.33 31.55 2.59 3.30 15.74 10.65
Sig F change 0.0001*** 0.0001*** 0.025 0.006** 0.0001*** 0.0001***
  1. * p ≤ 0.05 **p ≤ 0.01 ***p ≤ 0.001. #12 category