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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of demographic and individual trauma exposure variables associated with PTSD and depression

From: Factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression amongst internally displaced persons in northern Uganda

Variable PTSD (N = 657) Depression (N = 815)
  OR [95% CI] P value OR [95% CI] P value
Demographic Variables     
   Female 2.06 [1.49–2.84] <0.01 4.32 [2.80–6.66] <0.01
   no longer married* 1.80 [1.25–2.59] <0.01 2.41 [1.36–4.27] <0.01
   displaced > 5 miles from home NA NA 1.47 [1.16–1.85] <0.01
Trauma exposure variable     
   ill health without medical care 1.95 [1.52–2.51] <0.01 1.97 [1.50–2.58] <0.01
   rape or sexual abuse 1.67 [1.01–2.75] 0.045 NA NA
   lack of food or water 1.55 [1.00–2.39] 0.048 1.64 [1.05–2.58] 0.03
   unnatural death of family/friend NA NA 1.54 [1.10–2.16] 0.01
   being tortured or beaten 1.42 [1.09–1.84] 0.01 1.41 [1.04–1.92] 0.03
   being made to accept ideas/brainwashing 1.39 [1.03–1.88] 0.03 NA NA
   witnessing murder of stranger or strangers 1.38 [1.02–1.86] 0.04 NA NA
   serious injury NA NA 1.38 [1.09–1.74] <0.01
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; OR, odds ratio (adjusted); NA, not applicable or was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).
  2. Multivariate analysis for demographic variables in table, and all individual trauma exposure variables shown in Table 3. Only statistically significant demographic variables (P < 0.05) following univariate analysis included in multivariate analysis.
  3. Only statistically significant (P < 0.05) adjusted odds ratios from multivariate analysis presented.
  4. * No longer married includes divorced/separated, widowed, forcibly separated.
  5. Symptoms of PTSD (HTQ PTSD Score = ≥2.0) and depression (HSCL score = ≥1.75)