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Table 2 Factor analysis and reliability coefficient

From: A Japanese version of the Perceived Stress Scale: cross-cultural translation and equivalence assessment

    PSSa)
(n = 222)
PSS-Jb)
(n = 1320)
    Factor Factor
Item Statement Attitude I II I II
1 In the last month, how often have you been
upset because of something that happened unexpectedly?
- 0.58 0.17 -0.04 0.63
2 In the last month, how often have you felt
that you were unable to control the important things in your life?
- 0.77 0.27 0.11 0.67
3 In the last month, how often have you felt
nervous and/or stressed?
- 0.78 0.08 0.03 0.73
4 In the last month, how often have you dealt
successfully with irritating life hassles?
+ -0.03 0.80 0.64 -0.25
5 In the last month, how often have you felt
that you were effectively coping with important changes
that were occurring in your life?
+ 0.21 0.73 0.72 -0.04
6 In the last month, how often have you felt
confident about your ability to handle your personal problems?
+ 0.47 0.65 0.73 0.01
7 In the last month, how often have you felt
that things were going your way?
+ 0.56 0.43 0.65 0.16
8 In the last month, how often have you found
that you could not cope with all the things that you had to do?
- 0.74 0.23 0.01 0.40
9 In the last month, how often have you been
able to control irritations in your life?
+ 0.41 0.63 0.60 0.04
10 In the last month, how often have you felt
that you were on top of things?
+ 0.67 0.42 0.75 0.15
11 In the last month, how often have you been
angered because of things that happened that were outside of your control?
- 0.71 0.19 0.08 0.61
12 In the last month, how often have you found
yourself thinking about things that you have to accomplish?
- 0.44 -0.31 -0.06 0.60
13 In the last month, how often have you been
able to control the way you spend your time?
+ 0.52 0.14 0.40 0.29
14 In the last month, how often have you felt
difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them?
- 0.78 0.17 0.14 0.71
  % of Variance   42.7 11.0 23.8 18.8
  Cronbach's alpha coefficient   0.88 0.77 0.76 0.75
    0.89 0.74
  1. Note: Extraction method – principal component analysis
  2. Rotation method – Varimax with Kaiser normalisation
  3. a): The original Perceived Stress Scale, administered to native English speakers
  4. b): Translated Japanese version of the Perceived Stress Scale, administered to native Japanese speakers
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