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Table 2 Comparison of C-AES and subscales between different patient groups.

From: The experience of admission to psychiatric hospital among Chinese adult patients in Hong Kong

   Legal statuses Exposure to OCM
   Involuntarily committed n = 38 Voluntarily admitted n = 97 Exposed n = 34 Not exposed n = 101
C-AES Mean (S.D.) 10.26 (2.73) 3.77 (3.01) 10.26 (2.79) 4.03 (3.29)
  Mean rank 109.29 51.82 108.75 54.28
  Mann-Whitney Effect size (r) 0.66** 0.61**
NPS Mean (S.D.) 5.34 (1.51) 1.21 (1.73) 5.09 (1.75) 1.46 (2.00)
  Mean rank 110.03 51.54 54.85 107.06
  Mann-Whitney Effect size (r) 0.69** 0.60**
PES Mean (S.D.) 2.37 (0.94) 1.18 (1.14) 2.50 (0.83) 1.18 (1.34)
  Mean rank 94.67 57.55 57.55 99.04
  Mann-Whitney Effect size (r) 0.44** 0.48**
PCS Mean (S.D.) 2.55 (1.52) 1.39 (1.38) 2.68 (1.53) 1.40 (1.36)
  Mean rank 88.30 60.05 60.30 90.87
  Mann-Whitney Effect size (r) 0.33** 0.35**
  1. Mean values of score provided for reference.
  2. C-AES, Chinese version of Admission Experience Survey; NPS, Negative Pressure Scale; PES, Process Exclusion scale; PCS, Perceived Coercion Scale; OCM, Objective coercive measures.
  3. **P < 0.01 (2-tailed)