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Table 1 Univariate conditional logistic regression models of socio-demographic and other background risk factors for suicidea

From: Risk factors for suicide in Hungary: a case-control study

Risk factor Cases
n (%)
Controls
n (%)
Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p-value
Socio-demographic factors     
Marital status:b     
   (i) Single 60 (31.7) 49 (25.9) 3.29 (1.42–7.64) 0.006
   (ii) Separated/divorced/widowed 63 (33.3) 33 (17.5) 3.46 (1.90–6.30) < 0.001
Non-white ethnic origin 5 (2.6) 16 (8.2) 0.21 (0.06–0.75) 0.02
Living alone 55 (28.4) 49 (25.3) 1.18 (0.74–1.86) 0.49
No current relationship 84 (45.7) 46 (25.0) 3.53 (1.99–6.27) < 0.001
Responsible for child aged < 18 yrs. 34 (17.8) 47 (24.6) 0.46 (0.22–0.94) < 0.001
Not been out socially in last month 96 (52.7) 33 (18.1) 4.94 (2.89–8.45) < 0.001
Practising a religion 30 (15.6) 67 (34.9) 0.31 (0.18–0.54) < 0.001
No education beyond age 16 yrs. 46 (23.7) 15 (7.7) 5.43 (2.42–12.16) < 0.001
Improved standard of living since 1990 6 (3.2) 29 (15.6) 0.08 (0.02–0.34) = 0.001
Unemployed or long-term sick/disabled 33 (17.0) 6 (3.1) 7.75 (2.74–21.95) < 0.001
Ever been unemployed since 1990c 52 (40.0) 27 (20.8) 2.67 (1.47–4.83) < 0.001
Concerns over work prospectsc 84 (68.9) 35 (28.7) 5.90 (3.02–11.53) < 0.001
Other background factors     
Born prematurely 32 (20.6) 30 (19.4) 1.09 (0.62–1.91) 0.77
Suicide by 1st degree relative 31 (16.4) 6 (3.2) 6.00 (2.33–15.46) < 0.001
Adopted 12 (6.2) 6 (3.1) 2.00 (0.75–5.33) 0.17
Ever ran away as a child 25 (13.4) 9 (4.8) 3.00 (1.35–6.68) 0.007
Ever lived in a children's home 6 (3.1) 10 (5.2) 0.60 (0.22–1.65) 0.32
Abusive experiences in childhoodd 31 (16.8) 33 (17.8) 0.93 (0.54–1.58) 0.79
  1. a Pair-wise analyses conducted on 194 matched case-control sets, except for: marital status (189/194 = 97.4%); no current relationship (184/194 = 94.8%); responsible for child < 18 yrs. (191/194 = 98.5%); not been out socially in last month (182/194 = 93.8%); practising a religion (192/194 = 99.0%); improved standard of living post-1990s (186/194 = 95.9%); born prematurely (155/194 = 79.9%); suicide by 1st degree relative (189/194 = 97.4%); ever ran away as a child (187/194 = 96.4%); ever lived in a children's home (193/194 = 99.5%); abusive experiences in childhood (185/194 = 95.4%)
  2. b Reference category is married/cohabiting
  3. c Analysis of two explanatory variables based on smaller number of matched case-control sets, due to ineligibility according to age: 'ever been unemployed since 1990' (N = 130 sets); 'concerns over work prospects' (N = 122 sets)
  4. d Includes sexual, physical or emotional abuse during childhood