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Table 4 Exposure to traumatic events, by gender (N = 1242)

From: Post-conflict mental health needs: a cross-sectional survey of trauma, depression and associated factors in Juba, Southern Sudan

Trauma event Men (N = 612) Women (N = 630) Total (N = 1242)
  N (%) [95% CI] N (%) [95% CI] N (%)
Lack of food or water 408 (66.67) [61.12–71.79] 395 (62.70) [56.51–68.49] 803 (64.65)
Unnatural death of family/friend 387 (63.24) [56.84–69.20] 355 (56.35) [48.21–64.16] 742 (59.74)
Combat situation 337 (55.07) [48.78–61.19] 302 (47.94) [42.50–53.42] 639 (51.45)
Murder of family/friend 336 (54.90) [48.31–61.33] 280 (44.44) [38.20–50.87] 616 (49.60)
Very ill without medical care 291 (47.55) [42.37–52.79] 304 (48.25) [43.96–52.57] 595 (47.91)
Lack of housing or shelter 258 (42.16) [35.94–48.63] 229 (36.35) [31.28–41.75] 487 (39.21)
Being close to death 230 (37.58) [32.37–43.09] 205 (32.54) [27.19–38.39] 435 (35.02)
Forced separation from family 181 (29.58) [26.10–33.31] 139 (22.06) [17.43–27.51] 320 (25.76)
Serious injury * 193 (31.54) [26.53–37.01] 126 (20.00) [16.64–23.85] 319 (25.68)
Tortured or beaten * 157 (25.65) [21.54–30.25] 93 (14.76) [11.78–18.34] 250 (20.13)
Forced isolation from others 135 (22.06) [18.31–26.33] 98 (15.56) [11.96–19.98] 233 (18.76)
Murder of stranger or strangers * 136 (22.22) [19.18–25.60] 95 (15.08) [11.83–19.04] 231 (18.60)
Forced to accept thoughts against will 92 (15.03) [12.00–18.67] 79 (12.54) [9.96–15.67] 171 (13.77)
Imprisonment * 107 (17.48) [13.93–21.71] 61 (9.68) [7.39–12.60] 168 (13.53)
Being abducted or kidnapped 59 (9.64) [7.54–12.25] 43 (6.83) [5.26–8.81] 102 (8.21)
Rape or sexual abuse 31 (5.07) [3.59–7.10] 51 (8.10) [5.85–11.11] 82 (6.60)
  1. * Statistically significant (P < 0.05) difference between men and women