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Table 1 Demographics and factors associated with PTSD

From: The relationship between glucocorticoid receptor polymorphisms, stressful life events, social support, and post-traumatic stress disorder

Variable PTSD (n = 460) Controls (n = 1158) t/x2 OR 95% CI P
Age (mean, SD) 37.87(9.85) 34.47(10.84) 4.10    <0.001
Gender (n, %)       
Male 253(55.0) 662(39.9) 0.63    >0.05
Female 207(45.0) 496(60.1)     
Stressful life event* (n, %)       
Severe 376(81.8) 630(54.4) 52.79 3.76 2.04,6.71 <0.001
Moderate 84(18.2) 528(45.6)   1.00   
Social support* (n, %)       
Lower 271(58.9) 252(21.8)   1.00   
Moderate 155(33.7) 614(53.0) 109.36 0.11 0.06,0.19 <0.001
Higher 34(7.4) 292(25.2)   0.45 0.25,0.79  
The number of Trauma events* (n, %)       
0-1 115(25.0) 486(42.0)   1.00   
2-5 115(25.0) 434(37.5) 203.07 1.70 0.80,3.58 <0.001
6-9 211(45.9) 226(19.5)   5.98 2.82,12.67  
≥10 19(4.1) 12(1.0)   6.69 3.16,14.18  
Type of trauma (n, %)       
Natural disaster 22(4.8) 68(5.9)     
Motor vehicle accident 46(10.0) 165(14.3)     
Other accident (e.g., workplace accident) 50(10.9) 102(8.8)     
Serious illness (e.g., HIV, cancer) 64(13.9) 198(17.1)     
Death of loved one 106(23.0) 207(17.9)     
Injury/illness of loved one 70(15.2) 101(8.7) 109.81    <0.001
Witness family violence 84(18.3) 135(11.6)     
Childhood physical assault 46(10.0) 72(6.2)     
Robbed with a weapon 22(4.8) 23(2.0)     
Adult physical assault (without weapon) 28(6.1) 50(4.3)     
Intimate partner violence 80(17.4) 94(8.1)     
Witness physical assault 66(14.3) 94(8.1)     
Threatened with physical assault 40(8.7) 55(4.8)     
Childhood sexual assault by adult 32(7.0) 66(5.7)     
Childhood sexual assault by peer 40(8.7) 92(7.9)     
Young adult sexual assault 32(7.0) 41(3.5)     
Adult sexual assault 44(9.6) 46(4.0)     
Unwanted sexual attention 10(2.2) 10(0.8)     
Stalking 4(0.9) 15(1.3)     
Miscarriage (self or partner) 10(2.2) 18(1.6)     
Abortion (self or partner) 24(5.2) 60(5.2)     
Other (e.g., finding dead bodies, combat, violent death of pet, witness drug overdose of stranger) 20(4.3) 53(4.5)     
  1. *adjusted for age.