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Table 1 Sociodemographic, medical health, family and earthquake-related factors of children by proximity to disaster

From: Prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents one year after the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake

   Epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected areas Total p
   N % N % N % N %
Gender Females 80 50.0 106 49.5 743 51.0 929 50.7 -
Males 80 50.0 108 50.5 714 49.0 902 49.3 -
Age 3-5 yrs 48 30.0 63 29.3 467 31.9 578 31.5 -
6-10 yrs 73 45.6 98 45.6 608 41.6 779 42.4 -
11-14 yrs 39 24.4 54 25.1 388 26.5 481 26.2 -
Parents' high school diploma Mother (N = 1703) 141 91.0 132 67.0 1011 74.8 1284 75.4 0.000
Father (N = 1611) 109 73.2 122 62.6 832 65.7 1063 66.0 0.106
Mother not married (N = 1781)   7 4.4 18 8.5 127 9.0 152 8.5 0.148
Chronic physical diseases (N = 1766)   8 5.0 4 1.9 47 3.4 59 3.3 0.255
Lifetime Neuropsychiatric condition (N = 1678)   8 5.4 8 3.9 25 1.9 41 2.4 0.011
Pre-earthquake mental health care (N = 1755)   10 6.3 13 6.1 67 4.8 90 5.1 0.563
Post-earthquake mental health care (N = 1745)   15 9.5 7 3.3 28 2.0 50 2.9 0.000
Parents' pre-earthquake mental health care Mother (N = 1749) 13 8.2 9 4.2 54 3.9 76 4.4 0.045
Father (N = 1671) 3 1.9 8 3.9 20 1.5 31 1.9 0.066
Parents' post-earthquake mental health care Mother (N = 1735) 10 6.3 4 1.9 19 1.4 33 1.9 0.000
Father (N = 1655) 4 2.6 3 1.5 12 0.9 19 1.2 0.175
Present in the earthquake zone during the disaster (N = 1745)   152 98.7 172 82.7 63 4.6 387 22.2 0.000
Uninhabitable home after the earthquake (N = 1586)   117 74.1 23 10.9 176 14.5 316 19.9 0.000
Internally displaced (N = 1464)   153 96.2 41 20.0 50 4.6 244 16.7 0.000
Parents lost their job after the earthquake Mother (N = 1835) 22 13.8 4 1.9 8 0.6 34 1.9 0.000
Father (N = 1835) 19 11.9 0 0.0 10 0.7 29 1.6 0.000
  1. Note: The number of observations varies across the items because of missing values.
  2. Differences among the subsamples from different areas are calculated by χ2 test.