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Table 2 CBCL and YSR-defined Cases by age groups and proximity to disaster and symptoms at CBCL by proximity to disaster

From: Prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents one year after the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake

  Epicentre Remainder earthquake zone Unaffected areas Total p
(%) (%) (%) N %
CBCL-defined cases       
Total sample 14.9 13.0 13.9 1698 13.9 0.876
Children 3-5ys 8.5 10.3 11.1 545 10.8 0.853
Children 6-10ys 22.9 13.4 15.5 741 15.9 0.218
Children 11-14ys 8.1 15.4 14.9 412 14.3 0.525
YSR-defined cases       
Children 11-14ys 7.9 0.0 4.7 426 4.5 0.198
CBCL symptoms       
Total 9.2 6.5 6.9 1698 7.1 0.465
Internalizing 10.6 13.6 11.7 1698 11.7 0.674
Externalizing 5.3 5.8 4.0 1698 4.4 0.450
Affective 5.2 2.9 3.3 1698 3.4 0.426
Anxiety 11.0 5.3 6.7 1698 6.9 0.085
PTSa 8.4 4.0 2.2 1153 3.0 0.002
Somatica 5.6 0.7 2.8 1151 2.8 0.060
ADH 2.4 3.3 2.2 1698 2.4 0.738
Oppositional defiant 1.0 1.3 0.5 1698 0.6 0.436
Conducta 0.7 0.9 0.8 1153 0.8 0.972
Pervasive developmenta 1.7 0.0 1.6 545 1.5 0.680
  1. Note: Valid numbers (N) are expressed as quantities, all other data are expressed in percentages (%).
  2. Differences among the subsamples from different areas are calculated by χ2 test.
  3. ADH, attention deficit and hyperactivity; CBCL, Child Behavior Checklist; PTS, post-traumatic stress; YSR, Youth Self Report.
  4. aPTS, Somatic and Conduct Scales are available only in the CBCL 6–18 form; Pervasive Development Scale is available only in the CBCL 3–5 form.