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Table 1 Loading of HADS Items for the Two- and Three-factor Model (items crossloading are in bold)

From: A validation study of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in a large sample of French employees

HADS Item Two-Factor solution Tree-Factor solution
  F1 F2 F1 F2 F3
Anxiety subscale
HAD1-A1 I feel tense or “wound up” .54 -.70 .49 -.68 .31
HAD3-A2 I get a sort of frightened feeling as if something awful is about to happen .46 -.75 .44 -.76 .08
HAD5-A3 Worrying thoughts go through my mind .52 -.78 .47 -.77 .27
HAD7-A4 I can sit as ease and feel relaxed .47 -.38 .40 -.28 .73
HAD9-A5 I get a sort of frightened feeling like “butterflies” in the stomach .42 -.80 .39 -.81 .13
HAD11-A6 I feel restless as I have to be on the move .19 -.50 .09 -.35 .67
HAD13-A7 I get sudden feelings of panic .40 -.79 .36 -.79 .15
Depression subscale
HAD2-D1 I still enjoy the things I used to enjoy .72 -.33 .73 -.36 .09
HAD4-D2 I can laugh and see the funny side of things .78 -.46 .78 -.48 .14
HAD6-D3 I feel cheerful .66 -.46 .65 -.47 .14
HAD8-D4 I feel as if I am slowed down .41 -.41 .44 -.48 -.25
HAD10-D5 I have lost interest in my appearance .60 -.29 .58 -.31 .08
HAD12-D6 I look forward with enjoyment to things .80 -.39 .81 -.41 .11
HAD14-D7 I can enjoy a good book or TV program .57 -.29 .53 -.23 .51