Final structural equation modeling of proposed relations. Numbers in observed variable represent estimates of squared multiple correlations (R2). Dotted lines show paths that were not statistically significant. PA, physical abuse; SA, sexual abuse; EA, emotional abuse; Neg, neglect; Mo Psycho, maternal psychopathology; Fa Psycho, paternal psychopathology; Mo Incar, maternal incarceration; Fa Incar, paternal incarceration; Mo Abuse, maternal substance/alcohol abuse; Fa Abuse, paternal substance/alcohol abuse. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.