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Table 2 Risk factors for future care needs (total sample;N= 3200)

From: The development and validation of the Youth Actuarial Care Needs Assessment Tool for Non-Offenders (Y-ACNAT-NO)

Categorical independent variables φ
Born in The Netherlands (0 = No; 1 = Yes) −0.081***
Continuous independent variables r b
Current age −0.060*
Age at first incident (involved in any role other than suspect) −0.071*
Number of incidents (involved in any role other than suspect) 0.102***
Number of incidents (involved as victim) −0.017
Number of incidents (involved as witness) 0.031
Number of incidents (involved as witness of violence) −0.008
Number of incidents (involved as aggrieved person or reporter of an offense) 0.050
Number of incidents (involved and not having a specific role) 0.102***
Number of incidents (involved in any role not otherwise specified by the Dutch police) 0.088**
Number of incidents (involved in any role other than suspect), type of incident:  
  Sex offenses without violence 0.097***
  Sex offenses with violence 0.096***
Number of incidents in which another person than the juvenile was involved as a suspect and in which the juvenile was involved in any role other than suspect 0.107***
Number of incidents in which another person than the juvenile was most often involved as a suspect and in which the juvenile was involved in any role other than suspect 0.050
Number of incidents in which weapons were involved at the juvenile’s living address (the juvenile does not need to be involved in this incident) 0.157***
Number of incidents of sex offenses at the juvenile’s living address (the juvenile does not need to be involved in this incident) 0.389 ***
Number of incidents of child abuse at the juvenile’s living address (the juvenile does not need to be involved in this incident) 0.308 ***
Number of incidents of domestic violence at the juvenile’s living address (the juvenile does not need to be involved in this incident) 0.534 ***
Number of incidents in which a co-occupant at the juvenile’s living address was a suspect 0.470 ***
Number of incidents of child abuse in which a co-occupant at the juvenile’s living address was involved (in any role) 0.490 ***
Number of incidents of domestic strife in which the juvenile and/or a co-occupant at the juvenile’s living address was a victim 0.524 ***
Number of incidents of conflicts in which a co-occupant at the juvenile’s living address was a victim 0.374 ***
  1. A care need was defined as the occurrence of a supervision order as imposed by a juvenile court judge and/or the occurrence of future worrisome incidents at the juvenile’s living address (involving child abuse, domestic violence, domestic strife, and/or sexual offensive behavior) within a period of three years after the index incident.
  2. Correlations ≥ .200 are in boldface to highlight the strongest associations.
  3. r b  = biserial correlation; φ = phi-coefficient.
  4. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.