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Table 3 Prevalence of care needs within three years after the index incident (N= 3200)

From: The development and validation of the Youth Actuarial Care Needs Assessment Tool for Non-Offenders (Y-ACNAT-NO)

  Total sample Construction sample Validation sample   
( N  = 3200) ( n  = 1549) ( n  = 1651)
  n a % n a % n a % χ 2 (1) b Z c
Number of juveniles with a supervision order 78 2.4 39 2.5 39 2.4 .029 7.982***
Number of juveniles associated with a worrisome incidentd 405 12.7 198 12.8 207 12.5 .024 7.575***
of which: Incidents of domestic strife 120 3.8 67 4.3 53 3.2 2.453 6.021***
  Incidents of domestic violence 295 9.2 146 9.4 149 9.0 .109 4.352***
  Incidents of child abuse 88 2.8 50 3.2 38 2.3 2.229 3.503***
  Incidents of sexual offensive behavior 103 3.2 60 3.9 43 2.6 3.734+ 3.316***
Total number of juveniles with a care need 446 13.9 217 14.0 229 13.9 .004 16.169***
  1. aNumber of unique juveniles in the sample with a (specific) care need.
  2. bChi-square tests with Yates’ correction were conducted to determine differences between the construction and validation sample.
  3. cZ-tests for proportions were conducted to test for differences in the prevalences of care needs between the samples on which the Y-ACNAT-NO and the YC-NAT were based.
  4. dWorrisome incidents are defined as incidents of domestic strife/violence, child abuse, and sexual offensive behavior that occur at the juvenile’s living address.
  5. +p < .10; ***p < .001.